Section archive - Mentoring & Supervision
Page 1/28 273 items
Mentoring substructures and superstructures: an extension and reconceptualisation of the architecture for teacher mentoring
This paper presents the outcomes of an empirical investigation into the validity of Bryan Cunningham's thesis that the effectiveness of teacher mentoring is enhanced by a supportive institutional framework comprising eight ‘architectural design features’. It draws upon analyses of data from a mixed methods study of mentoring in the English Further Education sector. Data were generated via 40 semi-structured interviews with teachers, mentors and other stakeholders, and a national online survey of teachers of all subjects/vocational areas, completed by 392 respondents across all nine regions of England. The paper presents a reconceptualisation of the architecture for mentoring, which encompasses both a mentoring substructure and superstructure. Cunningham’s institutional architecture (reconceptualised as a mentoring substructure) is extended through the identification of additional design features, while limitations of the concept of an institutional mentoring architecture are exposed and evidence presented to show that a complementary superstructure is a necessary additional means of seeking to achieve optimally effective mentoring. A new research agenda is proposed to explore the extent to which the proposed mentoring substructure and superstructure are applicable in different professional and international contexts, and to identify common features of optimally supportive mentoring superstructures.
Updated: Jan. 09, 2021
“Empowering” Instead of “Crushing an Idea”: One Student Teacher/Mentor Teacher Pair’s Story of Learning and Growin
This study shares the story of a mentor teacher and student teacher during a yearlong student teaching experience. It looks at how working with an educative mentor (prepared and supported to enact this role) can make a difference in the instructional practices and beliefs of a novice teacher, specifically by providing the student teacher with the opportunity to experiment and by the mentor being open to learning in his/her own teaching practice.
Updated: Sep. 15, 2020
Looking to our Past to Re-Envision our Future: A Co/Authoethnographic Study of Teacher Candidate Supervision across International Contexts
This self-study tells the story of two international teacher education doctoral students and one faculty member as they embarked upon a co/autoethnography as a way to collectively explore experiences with and conceptualization of teacher candidate supervision across international contexts. Data collection included written autobiographical narratives, audio-recordings of reflective conversations, and various artifacts. By sharing their narratives and engaging in reflective conversations about these experiences, they gained insight into their histories in relation to the term supervision. Understanding each other’s pasts and contexts helped them gain a window into how their experiences influenced their beliefs about supervision. Specifically, they saw connections in relation to what influenced them to become teachers, relationships and the context for supervision, and the function of supervision. Their past narratives became a lens to study how they currently view supervision. This realization pushed them to develop a new vision of supervision informed by both their past experiences and their current knowledge and experiences. This study has implications for both teacher educator-doctoral student preparation and teacher educator professional development.
Updated: Aug. 05, 2020
Imagination, Brokers, and Boundary Objects: Interrupting the Mentor–Preservice Teacher Hierarchy When Negotiating Meanings
The mentor–preservice teacher hierarchy, that privileges mentor teacher talk and experience, often dominates mentor–preservice conversations. To realize the full potential of teacher education approaches designed to engage preservice and mentor teachers together in shared learning and teaching tasks, attention is needed to better understand the dynamics and implications of mentor–preservice teacher interactions. The authors analyzed how and when preservice and mentor teachers introduced ideas to group conversations and whose ideas were taken up by the group during a co-learning task. They found that mentor teachers tended to dominate group sense-making. However, preservice teacher use of imagination, the actions of teacher educators as brokers, and the use of boundary objects temporarily interrupted the dominant hierarchy. The authors conjecture that these moments raised preservice teacher status within the group so that mentor teachers took up preservice teachers’ ideas.
Updated: Jul. 19, 2020
Cascading, Colliding, and Mediating: How Teacher Preparation and K-12 Education Contexts Influence Mentor Teachers’ Work
In this conceptual article, the authors present a theoretical framework designed to illustrate the many contexts and factors that interact and shape the work of mentor teachers. Drawing on the literature on K-12 teaching and on teacher preparation, they argue for greater acknowledgment of the complex work of mentor teachers as they navigate multiple contexts. They conclude by considering how this framework helps to better understand the work of mentor teachers and by offering suggestions for teacher preparation programs and K-12 schools to better support mentor teachers and best prepare teacher candidates.
Updated: Jul. 18, 2020
Drawing on data from semi-structured interviews, this case study enquires into the methods employed by a Chinese teacher mentor of English as a Foreign Language to give feedback on practicum reports to poorly motivated student teachers. Data analysis showed that the mentor provided written comments mainly on empowered motivation with a focus on the reflection section. The findings also revealed that the mentor patterned her feedback with ‘praise-suggestion’ to shape student teachers’ identity emotionally and ethically.
Updated: May. 27, 2020
This study sought to explore from the student teachers’ perspectives, the domains of knowledge that they gain from mentoring meetings during residential teaching practice (TP). A qualitative approach which employed open-ended questionnaires was used to generate data from 16 student teachers: seven men and nine women in two education districts. Students indicated that they had good relationships with their mentors, and held formal meetings weekly, fortnightly or monthly. They also reported gaining general pedagogical knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, curriculum knowledge, knowledge of learners, and knowledge of educational contexts. Three students experienced ineffective mentoring, as such had limited benefits from mentoring processes and most likely from the practicum. Knowledge of what to teach, how to teach it as well as appropriate strategies for particular topics, the kinds of students and their specific settings often merge into what student teachers are expected to learn in teacher preparation inclusive of residential practicum. Comprehensive, prolonged, on-going mentor training workshops would expose mentors to the entire essence of mentoring and the centrality of formal mentor-mentee meetings not only for student teacher TP mentoring, but also for mentor growth and rejuvenation in their practice.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2020
Analysis of interaction patterns and tutor assistance in processes of joint reflection in pre-service teacher education
In the literature reflection in teacher training is conceptualised in multiple ways, making it difficult to determine what types of contexts facilitate the activity of joint reflection. The present study aims to shed light on this debate, identifying the strategies of educational assistance given by tutors to a group of students during the process of reflection. To this end, the authors analyse the interactive dynamics and educational assistance in two cases of joint reflection between tutors and students. Different phases in the process of reflection were identified, as were different specific types of assistance to address joint reflection. In both cases, the assistance of the tutor was found to be necessary in collective scaffolding for the establishment of relationships between situational and academic representations, even though the data suggest a progressive increase in the students’ control of the task.
Updated: Jan. 16, 2020
Mentoring the Mentors: Hybridizing Professional Development to Support Cooperating Teachers’ Mentoring Practice in Science
This article describes key features of a hybrid professional development (PD) program that was designed to prepare elementary classroom teachers to mentor preservice teachers for effective science instruction. Five classroom teachers who were new to mentor training participated in the study to document the impacts of the PD sequence. The PD combined an in-person immersion into the components of effective science instruction with online modules centered on learner-supportive mentoring practices. Findings indicated that mentors who engaged in the hybrid face-to-face and online PD more effectively coached their mentees and displayed specific shifts in their approach to mentor conversations. Participants showed statistically significant increases in their ability to use coaching as a default mentoring stance, to focus on evidence of students’ science learning, and to draw on a consistent framework for effective science instruction for their conversations.
Updated: Dec. 01, 2019
As a means to improve teacher preparation and teacher quality that impacts student achievement, the Australian government has recently encouraged formal partnerships between tertiary providers, schools and education systems in delivering teacher education and professional development, in particular for mentors. This article documents challenges and initial findings of the first year of a school-university partnership involving an Australian regional university and K-12 teacher-mentors located in rural schools. It describes the design and implementation of a contextualised professional development model, using participatory action research to build teacher capacity for mentoring and foster a culture of collaborative inquiry.
Updated: Oct. 07, 2019