Theories & Approaches (503 items)To section archive
Education and Child Poverty in Times of Austerity in Portugal: Implications for Teachers and Teacher Education
This article aimed to examine recent policy documents and other reports on the education sector. It also analysed the ways in which initial teacher education (ITE) deals with poverty issues, within the post-Bologna context, through the voices of student-teachers who have finished their practicum at school. The findings pointed to the deterioration of working conditions at school for teachers. The authors argue that the strategies used by teachers to face poverty situations have made student-teachers more aware of their lack of preparedness to deal with teaching in such a demanding context.
Updated: Jul. 03, 2018
In this study, the author examined the professional knowledge that teachers use in order to assess and respond meaningfully to children’s interests. The findings revealed that personal and idiosyncratic nature of teachers’ knowledge gained in family, center and community contexts. The author argues that the personal, informal knowledge became infused with professional knowledge that influenced teacher curriculum decision-making and pedagogical practices. This informal knowledge can be described as an analytical framework of funds of knowledge. The teachers use the funds of knowledge in their interactions with children in complex and connected ways.
Updated: May. 23, 2018
This study examined how policy-makers described their work and motivations. Furthermore, the study focused on policy-makers' perceived relationship with teacher educators researchers and their understandings about research. The findings revealed that policy-makers described research as necessary to shape their decision-making and important to justify their work. However, some of the participants appeared acutely aware of their own lack of ‘research literacy’ and were quick to note they wished for greater support in this area. Policy-makers sought better communication strategies to utilise research findings in a timely, free and publicly accessible, user-friendly manner.
Updated: May. 22, 2018
This study examines the general level of effective teaching behavior of pre-service teachers teaching in secondary education. It also investigates the role of several contextual and personal characteristics in explaining differences in effective teaching behavior and the link between effective teaching behavior and pupils’ academic engagement. The results show substantiate differences in the level of effective teaching behavior between pre-service and experienced teachers. It was found that several contextual and personal characteristics determine differences in effective teaching behavior. Furthermore, the importance of effective pre-service teaching behavior for pupil engagement was established. The authors conclude that findings suggest that when pre-service teachers display better effective teaching behavior, the more pupils’ academic engagement is achieved.
Updated: May. 10, 2018