Beginning Teachers (256 items)To section archive
“Reality Shock” of Beginning Teachers? Changes in Teacher Candidates’ Emotional Exhaustion and Constructivist-Oriented Beliefs
In the present study, the authors investigated changes in teacher candidates’ constructivist beliefs and emotional exhaustion. They assessed 163 German mathematics teacher candidates 3 times: at the beginning of, in the middle of, and after they completed the induction program. The results revealed a statistically significant decrease in constructivist beliefs and an inverted U-shaped change in emotional exhaustion with an increase at the beginning of the induction program and a decrease afterward. They also found that personal (i.e., math enjoyment) and social (i.e., instrumental support from peers and a constructivist-oriented mentor teacher) resources buffered the decrease in constructivist beliefs and the increase in emotional exhaustion.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2021
Beginning teachers’ work satisfaction, self-efficacy and willingness to stay in the profession: a question of job demands-resources balance?
In the present study, a cluster analysis of four job demands and five job resources among 328 Swedish teachers in their first year of teaching, resulted in four typical work situations: the advantageous situation (n = 103); the balanced situation (n = 148); the threat situation (n = 34); and the pressed situation (n = 43). Clear differences were found in how teachers in these different clusters perceived their work satisfaction, self-efficacy and willingness to stay, with the teachers in the former two work situations scoring significantly higher than the latter two. The results indicate that teachers can have a very different experience of work at the start of their careers. These findings imply that work environment interventions and induction programmes to support new teachers and prevent them from leaving the profession must be well adapted to the context.
Updated: Feb. 27, 2021
The authors use comprehensive data on student teaching placements from 14 teacher education programs (TEPs) in Washington State to explore the sorting of teacher candidates to the teachers who supervise their student teaching (“cooperating teachers”) and the schools in which student teaching occurs. They find that, all else equal, teachers with more experience, higher degree levels, and higher value added in math are more likely to serve as cooperating teachers, as are schools with lower levels of historical teacher turnover but with more open positions the following year. They also find that teacher candidates are more likely to be placed with cooperating teachers of the same gender and race/ethnicity, and are more likely to work with cooperating teachers and in schools with administrators who graduated from the candidate’s TEP.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2021
As global migration increases, teachers increasingly need to cope with the difficulties of immigrant students. Using the narratives of beginning teachers, the authors focus on two main questions: What process do beginning teachers undergo in coping with injustices committed against their students? And how do they act in cases of social injustice that arise in their work? The narrative inquiry on which this article is based helps to gain a better understanding of beginning teachers’ social justice experiences and perceptions. Findings point to a process of critical reflection on exclusion and inclusion which prompts action for social justice on two levels: individual and school system. The article sheds light on the contribution of beginning teachers’ narratives to understanding the notion of social justice, and its significant implications for teacher education.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2020