Section archive - Assessment & Evaluation
Page 6/18 177 items
The purpose of this article was to examine the characteristics of the challenges and rewards of the classroom assessment . This analysis revealed that educators must understand and analyze four facets or surfaces of classroom assessment including the obstacles, obligations, outcomes, and opportunities. The authors explained the characteristics of each facet and its influences on student growth, teacher development and institutional improvement.
Updated: Apr. 15, 2015
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a required assessment course on the assessment literacy of teacher candidates. The findings showed that certain aspects of assessment literacy were present before the course. At the onset of the course, teacher candidates had the highest mean scores for Ethical Assessment, Scoring, and Choosing Assessment Methods. However, the exposure to the course potentially increased assessment literacy in some areas. For instance, the participants came into the course with low mean scores in sound design of assessments and communicating results. The results revealed that the participants increased in their mean scores for sound design of assessment and communicating results on the posttest, though these were still the lowest scores.
Updated: Mar. 29, 2015
“Teaching to the Test” in the NCLB Era: How Test Predictability Affects Our Understanding of Student Performance
This article explores one variant of the concept “teaching to the test'. It analyzes test item–level data from three states’ mathematics and reading tests. The article finds that students performed better on items testing frequently assessed standards—those that composed a larger fraction of the state test in prior years. These findings suggest that teachers targeted their instruction towards these predictably tested skills.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
The Test Matters: The Relationship Between Classroom Observation Scores and Teacher Value Added on Multiple Types of Assessment
This study examined how the relationships between one observation protocol, the Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO), and value-added measures shift when different tests are used to assess student achievement. The findings revealed that PLATO was more strongly related to the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT-9), the alternative assessment used by MET to assess more ambitious outcomes. Furthermore, the authors found that the SAT-9 is more instructionally sensitive to the PLATO factor of Cognitive and Disciplinary Demand than the state tests used in MET study.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
This article argues for the value of using student ratings to measure quality of teaching. An international study to test the validity of the dynamic model of educational effectiveness was conducted. At classroom level, the model consists of eight factors relating to teacher behaviour: orientation, structuring, questioning, teaching modelling, application, management of time, teacher role in making classroom a learning environment and assessment. The analyses revealed that student ratings are reliable and valid for measuring the functioning of the teacher factors of the dynamic model.
Updated: Jan. 15, 2015
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a programme on mathematics teaching carried out using reflective practice. While the study shows that the education programme generates high levels of satisfaction, pedagogical appropriateness and learning, its achievements in effectiveness are moderate. Although, in general, what is learned through teacher education is implemented in the classroom, it is done individually and without becoming a part of the culture of the school. The results show little evidence of the programme's impact on student learning.
Updated: Jan. 14, 2015
The goal of this article is to report on the challenges the authors faced in designing an instrument aimed at measuring pre-service science teachers’ topic-specific pedagogical content knowledge (PCK(. The discussion focuses on the implications of the aforementioned PCK assessment tool for enhancing pre-service science teachers’ topic-specific PCK and the challenges associated with measuring and enhancing pre-service science teachers’ PCK. Furthermore, the discussion focuses on the ways in which science-teacher educators can engage in transforming the concept of PCK and its use for research and professional development.
Updated: Dec. 23, 2014
Development of a Scale to Assess the Demand for Specific Competences in Teachers after Graduation from University
This study provides the information on demands and abilities in teaching graduates for the universities in Germany. A specialised teacher module was developed in the framework of the German Cooperation Project for Graduate Tracer Studies. Overall, the results of the first analyses emphasise the scale’s potential to provide insight into the demands for which students should be prepared by their teaching studies.
Updated: Dec. 23, 2014
Using a Standardized Video-Based Assessment in a University Teacher Education program to Examine Preservice Teachers Knowledge related to Effective Teaching
The purpose of this study was to analyze the implementation of the Video Assessment of Interactions in Learning (VAIL) as a standardized measure of preservice teacher learning. Based on the Classroom Assessment Scoring System, the VAIL measures participants’ ability to identify effective teaching strategies and interactions related to emotional supports, classroom organization, and instructional supports. The data suggest that the VAIL may be a useful tool in examining preservice teacher learning. However, large variability in preservice teachers’ ability to identify effective teaching strategies and behaviors remains unexplained by this model.
Updated: Dec. 02, 2014
To evaluate the impact of the emergent national teacher performance assessment (TPA) on student teachers (STs), this study examined a pilot implementation at one university in Washington State during Spring 2011. The findings reveal that there are some potential benefits to the TPA that may positively affect student and teacher learning. The finding show that STs report greater levels of reflection enabling them to better focus on student thinking. Similarly, university supervisors see the TPA as an opportunity to shift the analysis of teaching episodes to the ST, thereby developing more complex pedagogical thinking in teacher candidates.
Updated: Nov. 12, 2014