Search results for: Finland
Page 1/7 68 items
Teacher candidate learning of action-oriented knowledge from triggering incidents in teaching practice
This study investigated student teachers’ (N = 82) learning of action-oriented knowledge (AOK), triggering incidents in teaching practice, and the relationships between these two. The results showed that student teachers identified critical incidents related to didactical relation (57%), pedagogical relation (39%) and content relation (4%) meaningful for their learning. Within the relations, student teachers showed descriptive (43%), inferential (24%) and justified (33%) AOK in their reflections. The incidents related to pedagogical and didactical relation especially triggered descriptive and justified AOK. The results showed that teacher candidates AOK reflection started with evaluative descriptions of their teaching, and moved on to practical justifications. The study confirms that teacher candidates’ videos can extend their focus of teaching and afford more attention to student learning.
Updated: Aug. 19, 2020
‘Do you mean besides researching and studying?’ Finnish teacher educators’ views on their professional development
Professional development of teacher educators has not been researched very much in Finland, although interest in teacher educators has started to increase globally in recent decades. This study investigates 15 Finnish teacher educators’ views on their professional development. The results indicate that research plays a significant role in the Finnish teacher educators’ conceptions. They considered research to be an integral part of their work, as it is part of their assigned tasks. This differs from many countries, where researching and high-quality scientific contribution is not necessarily a big part of teacher educators’ work. These teacher educators also viewed research as a means to develop professionally, both through producing and consuming research. Formal professional development, such as professional development courses, did not play a significant role for these teacher educators, though studying either by reading research or participating in free-time education seemed to be more important. The results also indicate that Finnish teacher educators are under pressure to produce high-quality research and to advance in their careers. This is due to business ideology in leadership, i.e. management by results in the Finnish university sector.
Updated: Jul. 29, 2020
Although teacher educators may perceive their program and courses to be coherent, the question remains to what extent student teachers also are able to perceive the linkages within their programs. Coherence within teacher education programs is important for teacher candidates to build understanding of teaching. This study draws upon survey data from 269 teacher candidates, in three different teacher education programs, located in three different countries (Norway, Finland, United States [California]) and compares these candidates’ perceptions of the coherence of their teacher education programs. Candidates from a program that has explicitly been working on constructing a coherent program over a period of 15 years do report significantly more coherence, yet, across the programs, there remains room for improvement regarding the coherence between field placement and campus courses. The authors conclude with the suggestion that potential improvement of program coherence lies within greater communication and collaboration between the various stakeholders within teacher education.
Updated: Feb. 10, 2020
This study explores the characteristics of the teacher evaluation model in Finland. Highlighting the unique qualities of the Finnish case, the authors also compare these teacher evaluation practices with the increasingly applied value-added model (VAM) for teacher evaluation across the globe. Their analysis revealed that the Finnish Model prioritises teacher empowerment and professional development by carrying out bottom-up evaluation practices. With a clear focus on teacher empowerment and professional development, this framework substantially differs from accountability measures such as VAM, which emphasize rigid data collection procedures and the use of standardized test scores to hold teachers accountable based on their students’ academic performance. This study also revealed that professional development endeavours of teachers are highlighted as the key elements in Finnish teacher evaluation.
Updated: Nov. 17, 2019
A comparison of student teacher learning from practice in university-affiliated schools in Helsinki and Johannesburg
In a comparative study of student teachers in Finland and South Africa, the researchers aimed to capture students’ views of how and what they had learned from practice in two university-affiliated primary schools. With data from survey questionnaires, the authors found that students in the two customized programmes accentuated different domains of teacher knowledge. The newly established teaching practice school in Johannesburg afforded closer integration of university and school practicum experiences for students than the well-established school in Helsinki. The authors conclude that an innovative teacher education model can be re-invented in a significantly different context and also add new dimensions to the original.
Updated: Sep. 12, 2019
This article aims to present a systematic review of research studies on school practicum to identify the main critical points and also provide a wider perspective to the researchers in the field. The findings reveal that many of the reviewed studies take pre-service teachers as their main participants. Furthermore, the authors examined the main issues that emerged regarding mentoring. This article also found that many practicum studies are relatively small-scale studies since they are mainly qualitative focused and findings derived from a relatively small sample.
Updated: Jul. 12, 2018
Student Teachers' Experiences of Participating in Mixed Peer Mentoring Groups of In-service and Pre-service Teachers in Finland
This study examines how students perceive a new Finnish model of teacher development that uses the peer group mentoring (PGM) method for combining pre-service and in-service teacher education. The findings reveal that the students' experiences of participating in peer mentoring group were positive. The findings also highlighted the importance of prospective teachers having authentic connections to working life and colleagues already during initial education. The findings also show that experiences varied in terms of depth and effectiveness and the kind of learning that they promoted. The students considered the activity as (1) a coffee break, (2) peer-support, (3) identity construction and (4) a professional community.
Updated: Jul. 01, 2018
Teacher Educators' Collective Professional Agency and Identity - Transforming Marginality to Strength
This article examined teacher educators' collective professional agency and identity within an identity coaching programe. This article illustrates how collective agency and identity are closely intertwined. The authors argue that it appears that a shared understanding of collective identity directs collective agency. In addition, the study reveals the importance of agency in negotiating new kinds of crystallized collective identity. Through strengthened collective agency, the participants were able to give a new meaning to themselves as a professional group within the department, deserving of respect. In conclusion, this study suggests that when one is seeking to understand collective identity and agency in professional contexts, it is important to address people's own individual narratives and learning pathways. Hence, this research emphasizes that in supporting collective identity and agency among professionals, it is pivotal to create shared learning platforms and processes that will allow the professionals to encounter each other, and to discuss issues concerning continuous changes, work, and professional identities.
Updated: May. 31, 2018
This study aims to investigate whether the experiences of teachers in general education and vocational education differ because of differences in their working contexts and challenges. It also focuses the ways in which mentees perceive the results of peer-group mentoring (PGM) with regard the professional, personal and social dimensions of professional development. The findings reveal that the participants almost unanimously agreed that PGM is important throughout the entire teaching career. Furthermore, the findings show that there were few significant differences between the teacher groups. It was found that teachers in vocational education were more likely to agree that participation in PGM had influenced their working methods, as compared to their colleagues in general education. In addition, the results reveal that teachers in vocational education reported that they had been contacted more by their colleagues about their opinions and advice after participating in PGM meetings than had previously been the case.
Updated: Apr. 24, 2018
The purpose of this study is to determine how active learning in teacher education in Finnish and Turkish contexts affects student teachers’ professional competences. The findings revealed that active learning methods correlated strongly with professional competences in Turkish and Finnish teacher education. This study provides an evidence that active learning methods in pre-service teacher education positively contribute to professional competences, both to classroom-related competence and to a broader concept of teachers’ work.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018