Search results for: Self efficacy
Page 2/13 125 items
Relationships in early practicum experiences: positive and negative aspects and associations with practicum students’ characteristics and teaching efficacy
One aspect of teaching which has implications for teacher development is the practicum student-supervising teacher relationship. The current study examines this relationship. Over 100 pre-service teachers across 3 institutions of higher education reported on their relationship with their supervising teacher and their feelings of teaching self-efficacy. Results show that practicums students report both positive and negative relationship aspects; environmental stressors were associated with reported relationships. Furthermore, practicum student efficacy was associated with both positivity and negativity in reported relationships. Findings are discussed in terms of implications for teacher preparation and providing support to pre-service teachers during their practica.
Updated: May. 12, 2021
Factors Influencing Preservice Teachers’ Self-Efficacy in Addressing Cultural and Linguistic Needs of Diverse Learners
How preservice teachers perceive their readiness to work with diverse learners can indicate their future success in the classroom. Using self-efficacy theory as a conceptual base, this study examined what factors contribute to preservice teachers’ self-efficacy level in addressing English Learners’ (ELs) cultural and linguistic needs, while adopting a multi-method design. Data sources included a self-efficacy survey of a group of preservice teachers, written rationales for their self-efficacy ratings, and suggestions for improving their self-efficacy. Data analyses revealed that the preservice teachers lacked self-efficacy in communicating with ELs while showing high self-efficacy in employing different learning modalities. In addition, direct exposure through field and/or life experiences and curriculum emphasis were identified as key factors. Findings further illuminate the preservice teachers’ incongruent understandings of mainstream school culture versus ELs’ cultures, the role of culture in academic versus social and emotional domains, and lack of interconnectedness between academic excellence and cultural competency.
Updated: Mar. 11, 2021
Beginning teachers’ work satisfaction, self-efficacy and willingness to stay in the profession: a question of job demands-resources balance?
In the present study, a cluster analysis of four job demands and five job resources among 328 Swedish teachers in their first year of teaching, resulted in four typical work situations: the advantageous situation (n = 103); the balanced situation (n = 148); the threat situation (n = 34); and the pressed situation (n = 43). Clear differences were found in how teachers in these different clusters perceived their work satisfaction, self-efficacy and willingness to stay, with the teachers in the former two work situations scoring significantly higher than the latter two. The results indicate that teachers can have a very different experience of work at the start of their careers. These findings imply that work environment interventions and induction programmes to support new teachers and prevent them from leaving the profession must be well adapted to the context.
Updated: Feb. 27, 2021
Examining preservice teachers’ TPACK, attitudes, self-efficacy, and perceptions of teamwork in a stand-alone educational technology course using flipped classroom or flipped team-based learning pedagogies
The study’s purpose was to investigate whether two different pedagogical strategies, flipped classroom and flipped team-based learning (FTBL), had different impacts on preservice teachers’ TPACK, attitudes, self-efficacy, and perceptions of teamwork. Several survey instruments were sent to 32 preservice teachers who were Middle Grades Education majors at the beginning and end of the spring 2019 semester. Descriptive analyses, paired-samples t-tests, independent sample t-tests, and Pearson’s correlation tests were run. The overall results showed that preservice teachers who enrolled in the FTBL section reported higher scores in most constructs. However, most comparisons had no statistically significant differences. The results may help teacher educators to rethink the pedagogical strategies used in the stand-alone educational technology course and provide alternatives to the traditional teaching approach.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2021
It is generally assumed that in order to teach mathematics effectively, middle years teachers ought to have a high degree of knowledge of mathematics and confidence in their ability to do the mathematics as well as self-efficacy to teach it. This study examines the content knowledge, mathematics confidence and self-efficacy of 99 graduate-entry pre-service teachers in an Australian school of education. The findings indicate that, in general, their mathematical content knowledge was not strong. Further, the participants expressed different levels of confidence and self-efficacy for specific concepts, so, while the scale used had high Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, its internal consistency was relatively weak. That is, confidence and self-efficacy were found to be content specific. Further, the participants tended to have confidence and self-efficacy scores that, while low, were inconsistent with their ability to do the mathematics; they tended to overestimate their mathematics competency. The findings with respect to pre-service teachers’ deficit of relevant mathematical knowledge, confidence and self-efficacy have implications for teacher preparation to teach mathematics in the study institution and potentially more broadly in the West.
Updated: Aug. 17, 2020
The Development of Preservice Teachers’ Self-Efficacy for Classroom and Behavior Management Across Multiple Field Experiences
This study explored the development of preservice special education teachers’ self-efficacy for classroom and behaviour management as they progressed through a four-semester professional development sequence. Findings indicated that although self-efficacy levels were variable across semesters, statistically significant changes in group self-efficacy levels were noted when compared to beginning levels. Despite noted increases in self-efficacy levels, participants continued to express a need for training in evidence-based practices and strategies for addressing extreme behaviours. Implications and limitations are discussed.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2020
The role of received social support and self-efficacy for the satisfaction of basic psychological needs in teacher education
The authors conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study in 2016 with 697 student teachers from two Universities. The study used structural equation modelling to analyse the effects of received social support from family and fellow-students as well as perceived self-efficacy in relation to the basic psychological needs in teacher education. To measure the effects of received social support on the satisfaction of basic needs, the authors developed two scales adapting Mansfield’s qualitative approach on teacher resilience. Perceived self-efficacy turned out to be effected directly by received fellow-students’ support as well as having a mediation effect on higher levels of autonomy and competence, whereas received family support leads only to higher levels of autonomy. Especially received fellow-students’ support is directly connected to higher levels of need satisfaction. Finally, the authors discuss conclusions for shaping conditions of university-life according to experiencing what is necessary for a higher level of perception and satisfaction of basic psychological needs.
Updated: Dec. 10, 2019
The aim of this study was: (a) to measure the effectiveness of a supporting tutor-training curriculum and content knowledge gains for preservice teachers engaged in service learning and (b) to determine whether tutor training and field experience improved the preservice teachers’ teaching self-efficacy beliefs. One hundred and thirteen upper-division undergraduate students enrolled in Social Foundations of Multicultural Education courses participated in course-embedded tutor-training and fulfilled a 20-h service-learning requirement by tutoring pupils in local elementary schools. The study results suggest that a course-specific tutor-training curriculum advances the participants’ knowledge and skill in tutoring. The results also indicate that the combination of tutor training and field application (i.e. tutoring in a classroom) function to increase students’ self-efficacy as future teachers.
Updated: Sep. 26, 2019
This study explored the effects of the teacher characteristics on pre-service teacher (PST) concern about integrating Web 2.0 tools into instruction. The authors found significant relationships between the concern and a few personal characteristics. The authors found that the PSTs seemed more prepared and confident in utilising instructional strategies (pedagogical knowledge) and less in engaging students in learning and managing classrooms.
Updated: Dec. 23, 2018
Teaching Efficacy: Exploring Relationships between Mathematics and Science Self-Efficacy Beliefs, PCK and Domain Knowledge among Preservice Teachers from the United States
This study explored the relationships among preservice teachers’ mathematics and science teaching efficacy beliefs, their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) and their domain knowledge (DK). It was found that participants’ PCK and efficacy beliefs correlate to a high degree and influence each other. Furthermore, the results indicated that participants’ mathematics and science DK did not predict their teaching efficacy beliefs, however, their mathematics and science overall PCK score predicted participants’ efficacy beliefs, more exactly, their outcome expectancies. Furthermore, the findings show that elementary preservice teachers’ previous efficacy beliefs are more likely to predict their future efficacy beliefs than their mastery of DK and PCK.
Updated: Dec. 12, 2018