Search results for: Pedagogical content knowledge
Page 1/23 222 items
Shulman, or Shulman and Shulman? How communities and contexts affect the development of pre-service teachers’ subject knowledge
This paper explores the interconnection between the development of subject knowledge and the influence of communities in which the learning is located. Participants followed an initial teacher education (ITE) course in physical education. Data collection consisted of interviews with pre-service teachers and their school-based mentors. ata analysis utilised the constant comparative method. The study found significant gains in the knowledge bases that were investigated. These could only be understood within the context of the communities in which the learning took place. This influence needs to be explicitly recognised if a more complete understanding of subject knowledge formation on ITE programmes is to be developed.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2020
This paper reports on an exploratory study designed to determine and enhance the conceptual understanding of a group of pre-service mathematics teachers at one Irish university utilizing an established framework for understanding mathematics. 23 students on a one-year Professional Diploma in Mathematics Education participated in the study, which involved the distribution of a pre- and post-test and engagement in a ten week intervention designed to enhance their subject matter knowledge (SMK) and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). The findings highlight that although there was an improvement in overall conceptual understanding across the entire cohort at the end of the intervention, within certain mathematical topics there was a statistically insignificant improvement and many deep-rooted issues remain. In this paper the authors focus on the pre-service teachers’ understanding of elementary algebra, in particular, how to solve a linear equation.
Updated: Oct. 23, 2019
Professional learning and development of two groups of pre-service teachers with different scientific knowledge bases and different teaching training in the course of their studies
This research study evaluated the professional development of two groups of pre-service biology teachers during a year-long biology didactics course in two different academic institutions. Verbal and qualitative analyses of lesson transcripts were employed to characterize explicit knowledge, while content and cluster analyses of the repertory grid technique were employed to characterize tacit knowledge. The group of pre-service teachers with lower content knowledge (CK) and more teaching experience during their training was concerned with student- and teacher-centered practices. The group with higher CK and less teaching experience was concerned with high-order thinking skills and the knowledge gap between themselves and their students.
Updated: Aug. 15, 2019
From Utopia to Reality: Trans-Formation of Pedagogical Knowledge in English Language Teacher Education
In this article the author reports on a study of some English language student-teachers’ trans-formations of knowledge about language education. The question that guided the study was: How are English language student-teachers’ formative pedagogical and research experiences portrayed in a transformative and critical outlook for initial teacher education? Reflections, perceptions, and conceptions served as data and were collected by means of diaries, interviews, and degree projects or monographs. From the analysis of data, two main themes emerged: “Going Back and Forth from Utopia to Reality” and “EFL Student-Teachers as Novice Critical Researchers”. A conclusion was that the participants’ trans-formations mediated by pedagogical and research agendas represented alternatives with high levels of sensitivity towards socially associated issues in language education.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2019
TPACK in Special Education: Preservice Teacher Decision Making While Integrating iPads Into Instruction
This study examined how preservice teachers’ instructional decision making reflected the use of technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge (TPACK) components in an elementary-level special education setting. The findings reveal that the preservice special education teachers had multiple opportunities to practice combining technological knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, and content knowledge to make instructional decisions through technology integration. In addition, the participants blended components of this specialized knowledge to make in-the-moment teaching decisions when integrating technology into tutoring sessions.
Updated: Jul. 17, 2018
A Case Study of a TPACK-Based Approach to Teacher Professional Development: Teaching Science With Blogs
This article describes a case study of a technology professional development initiative. Specifically, it examines how participants experienced learning to design and teach with technology through a technology, pedagogy, and content knowledge (TPACK) -based professional development approach at a particular school site. The results reveal that the workshop engaged teachers in a series of learning activities designed to promote the development of teacher knowledge about how to meet content-learning goals through integration of technology in science teaching. In conclusion, these results show that content-centric technology professional development that involves collaboration among a small group of teachers around a common content area, with technical and content area support from experts, supports the transformation of teachers’ hypothetical teaching activities into actual teaching practice.
Updated: Feb. 22, 2018
The Effect of Teacher Education Programs on Future Elementary Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge: A Five Country Analysis Using TEDS-M Data
This study examined the associations between teacher preparation components and the knowledge of teaching candidates based on data from the TEDS-M study. The findings reveal that the number of mathematics content courses taken has an effect on teaching candidates’ level of MCK in three countries. Specifically, the authors found that taking courses in discrete structure and logic had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Spain, and Switzerland. Furthermore, they found that taking courses in continuity and functions had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Switzerland, and the USA.
Updated: Feb. 14, 2018
This study aims to examine relationships between preservice teachers’ science self-efficacy beliefs and science content knowledge in the context of a specialized physics course designed for elementary preservice teachers. The findings indicated statistically significant gains in participants’ science self-efficacy beliefs and science conceptual understandings. Furthermore, it was found that there was a positive moderate relationship between gains in science conceptual understandings and gains in personal science teaching efficacy beliefs. These results strongly suggest positive changes in participants' science self-efficacy beliefs. In addition, participants felt confident in the science content learned in the course and felt comfortable teaching it.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2018
The goal of this study was to explore Early Childhood Education (ECE) pre-service teachers’ perceptions of technological, pedagogical, content knowledge (TPACK) development in the course Instructional Technology and Material Design, which required them to design educational computer games for ECE. The findings show that participants described initial difficulty designing educational computer games since they had limited technological knowledge (TK), design knowledge (DK), or experience designing educational computer games (TPACK). However, the participants compensated for inadequacy in a knowledge domain with help from friends, instructors, or the Internet, in addition to personal efforts to increase knowledge.
Updated: Sep. 27, 2017
Beginning Teachers’ Conceptual Understandings of Effective History Teaching: Examining the Change from “Subject Knowers” to “Subject Teachers”
The purpose of this study was to explore the change in preservice teachers’ conceptions of effective history teaching across a secondary history methods course in a postgraduate diploma of education program. The findings reveal that three participants out of the seven clearly indicated conceptual change and professional growth. The concept maps constructed by these participants showed that conceptual understandings were established through the use of linking arrows with accompanying linking words – in a hierarchy of concepts linked to each other to form one knowledge domain.
Updated: Sep. 27, 2017