Search results for: Teaching as a profession
Page 1/8 79 items
Professional knowledge and task instruction specificity as influencing factors of prospective teachers' professional vision
The authors investigate whether differences in professional vision (PV, both in noticing and reasoning) can be found between prospective teachers using a knowledge test as an economic, performance-based expertise indicator. Furthermore, they examine whether novices can be supported in their PV through a specific compared to a general task instruction, activating knowledge schemata promoting top-down processes. An online-based study with N = 85 prospective teachers using video vignettes reveals that PVs' accuracy and velocity depends on knowledge. The specific task instruction does not contribute to more effective PV. Results emphasize the relevance of knowledge transfer during university education for prospective teachers.
Updated: Mar. 24, 2022
This paper reports on the background, context, design, and findings of a collaborative research project designed to develop a future roadmap for strengthening an Australian research-rich and self-improving education system. Building on the BERA-RSA Inquiry into the role of research in the teaching profession in the UK (Furlong, 2013), the Australian Teacher Education Association (ATEA), Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) and Australian Council of Deans of Education (ACDE) initiated a national study across education systems and jurisdictions to identify ideas, issues, challenges and opportunities to strengthen teacher education and education policy development through research. The mixed-method study, inclusive of focus groups and an on-line survey collected data from pre-service teachers, teachers, academics and leaders across schools, universities and education departments. A set of recommendations highlight the need for research literacies to be embedded at all stages of a teachers’ career and that the profession would benefit from professional learning strategies where teachers are positioned as both critical and discerning consumers and active producers of research. The importance of teachers being able to respond to data within their own set of contextual factors was a key message.
Updated: Jan. 09, 2022
Prior research on teenage interest in teaching careers hinges on the assumption that many adolescents, who expect to become teachers, realise their plans in adulthood. However, little is currently known about whether this is the case for recent youth cohorts. This issue is explored here using the nationally representative data from the Australian PISA 2006 cohort who participated, between 2006 and 2016, in the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth. The findings indicate that two-thirds of teenage students who wanted to become teachers abandoned their plans before turning 23. The implications for policy and future research are also discussed.
Updated: Sep. 02, 2021
First steps in a second career: characteristics of the transition to the teaching profession among novice teachers
The main purpose of the present study was to illuminate the factors that enhance or inhibit job satisfaction among second-career teachers (SCTs) in their initial period at school. Data was gathered from questionnaires filled out by 80 novice SCTs and a comparable group of 82 First-Career Teachers (FCTs). Personal interviews were conducted with eight SCTs. The findings show that the most powerful predictor of high job satisfaction among SCTs is the availability of support whereas the most powerful predictor among FCTs is workload. The qualitative analysis suggests that experience acquired by SCTs before they start teaching provides a repertoire of helpful strategies, thus improving their ability to cope with stressful experiences. The findings support the trend to advocate teaching as a second career for experienced professionals.
Updated: May. 13, 2021
The author believes teacher education is located on the borderline of both teaching and research. In the following, the author will explain this statement, reviewing teacher educators’ vulnerabilities in each role. Finally, she will claim that this borderline position has a potential of becoming a resource for innovation. The author argues that teacher educators can be brokers of change. Located at the border between teaching, research and policymaking, they have the opportunity to be part of each profession, experiencing the other two’s perspectives, expectations and criticism.
Updated: Dec. 16, 2018
This paper explains what clinical research is and why it is necessary. The author argues that the term ‘clinical’ refers to an academic way of solving practical problems. The author wonders whether clinical research contribute to knowledge for the teaching profession. She suggests that the (tacit) knowledge acquired in classrooms enables researchers to perceive more relevant factors in practice and enables them to understand the problems of teaching better. She concludes that clinical research is a type of action research in the sense that it acknowledges the epistemic function of doing, thus emphasizing the need for integrating scholarship and craftsmanship.
Updated: Aug. 15, 2018
This study aimed to investigate the motivating factors for choosing the teaching profession by nontraditional, post-baccalaureate candidates who had returned to higher education to pursue an initial teaching license. The authors found that participants noted intrinsically motivated factors and more pragmatic motivators. The authors categorized the intrinsic motivators as noble causes, which included the opportunity to share their love for learning or to make a difference in society or students’ lives. The pragmatic motivators included the need for a career change or the perceived benefits of the teaching career.
Updated: Jul. 18, 2018
Those Who Can, Teach: The Academic Quality of Preservice Students in Teacher Education Programs in Taiwan
This research investigates Taiwanese preservice students’ academic quality in comparison with their nonteaching peers. The findings show that preservice students demonstrated higher academic quality than their non-preservice counterparts, as they had better entry test scores, mid-point grades and final grades. The authors provide explanations of the gap in performance between the two groups within the broader sociocultural context of Taiwanese society. First, the authors found that the majority of the teaching programs set a minimum academic standing as a threshold for student application when they recruit students from various programs/departments within the university. Second, the Taiwanese government adopted policies that provide teachers with generous compensation and benefit packages that provide teachers with generous compensation and benefit packages. Furthermore, the cultural beliefs imbedded in the Confucian cultural heritage may also play a role in constructing favorable teaching conditions.
Updated: Apr. 24, 2018
In this article, the authors examined the various purposes that Finnish student teachers of different subjects have in teaching. The findings revealed that four purpose profiles were identified among participants: Purposeful, Dabblers, Dreamers, and Disengaged.The majority of participants can be profiled as dabblers. The authors found that the student teachers of religious education most often demonstrated a purposeful profile, while student teachers of mathematics and science were mostly profiled as disengaged. The authors conclude that the moral nature of teaching calls for purposeful teachers for schools worldwide.
Updated: Nov. 12, 2017
This research focuses on aspirations for an M-level teaching profession within one densely populated government region – the English West Midlands – from the perspectives of key stakeholders. In particular, teachers’ perceptions regarding aspirations for an M-level profession are generally overlooked and neglected in academic literature. This article contributes to addressing this gap in academic literature by highlighting teacher perceptions, alongside the perceptions of HEIs. Findings show that aspirations for an M-level teaching profession in England received an overwhelmingly positive response from these key stakeholders in this government region. Clearly, all respondents were overwhelmingly in favour of an M-level teaching profession. However, there were also concerns around an M-level profession in the manner in which it was being implemented.
Updated: Jan. 10, 2017