Search results for: Preservice students
Page 1/3 28 items
Gender Differences in Stressors and Coping Strategies Among Teacher Education Students at University of Ghana
This study explored gender differences in stressors experienced by teacher education students at the University of Ghana, and adaptation stratagems they might utilise to manage stress. In 2018–2019 academic year, a total of two hundred and seventy (270) second- and third-year students were selected using random sampling procedure to respond to closed-ended and open-ended questions in a survey questionnaire. The questionnaire was to measure stressors students encounter and to measure students’ coping stratagems they might use to minimise their stress levels (Folkman & Lazarus, 1984). The findings show that the students use multiple strategies, such as praying/meditating and self-distracting activities to cope with stress. Although, females had higher overall perceived stress levels regarding encountered academic stressors and health stressors, the difference between genders was insignificant. Similarly, females had a higher perception of stress from psychosocial stressors when likened to males, however, the difference between genders was also insignificant. Regarding perceived coping stratagems, females utilised adaptive coping stratagems whilst males utilised maladaptive and avoidance coping stratagems although the difference between genders was also not significant. The study recommended among others that males be urged to likewise utilise increasingly adaptive strategies to control strain.
Updated: Dec. 03, 2020
In many teacher preparation programs at institutions of higher education in the United States, pre-service teachers receive mentoring and constructive feedback during their internship placement from an experienced supervising teacher and a university coordinator. Often the feedback loop is closed by asking interns, ‘was this useful?’ To better answer this question, researchers employed a phenomenological approach to collect interview and focus group data on the lived experiences, perceptions, and understandings of six pre-service special education interns during their internship experience. Emerging themes included satisfaction with level of support provided by supervisory stakeholders, a feeling of isolation from peer support, special consideration of the components within the evaluation tool, and a request to be provided with additional background information for their assigned university coordinators. These lessons were aggregated, presented, and then integrated into the experiences provided to forthcoming pre-service educators.
Updated: Sep. 21, 2020
“Lies My Teacher [Educator] Still Tells”: Using Critical Race Counternarratives to Disrupt Whiteness in Teacher Education
The purpose of this study was to disrupt whiteness through the use of critical race counternarratives during a critical literacy workshop with middle-school preservice teachers. Over two years, 57 preservice teachers participated in and reflected on their experiences reading master narratives and viewing counternarrative texts in a critical literacy workshop. Students responded in a variety of ways that ranged from displacing responsibility for their ignorance about the counternarrative texts onto educational structures, to troubling their roles in reproducing oppressive school environments and considering action steps for future teaching. Our research has important implications for preservice teachers, teacher educators, and those interested in implementing preservice teacher educator curriculum using a critical race theory lens.
Updated: Aug. 30, 2020
Being and becoming in teacher education: student-teachers’ freedom to learn in a College of Education in Ghana
This paper focuses on how people learn to become teachers. It draws on the experiences of student-teachers and tutors at a College of Education in the south of Ghana who engaged with an iterative data-generation process over one academic year. While increasing attention is given to the learning experiences of children in Sub-Saharan Africa, teachers’ learning experiences remain under-explored, under-documented and under-theorised. It makes an original contribution to the study of pre-service teacher education by combining a sociocultural lens on learning and becoming with an analytical framework based on the capability approach. This illustrates how student-teachers’ freedom to learn is facilitated and constrained by structured and social contexts within a pre-service programme. The paper shows how understanding different perspectives on valued ‘beings and doings’ of teaching can help re-interpret and re-imagine processes for ‘becoming’ a teacher, which has practical application at policy and institution level.
Updated: Aug. 29, 2020
University students experience stress, and how they cope with this stress affects their academic achievement. This study examined stress in teacher education students and had three objectives: to describe different degrees of stress and coping styles; to study the relationship between stress, coping strategies and academic achievement; and to examine whether increased age can moderate the effects of stress on academic achievement in 334 university-students. There were three main findings: many students experienced stress and used avoidance coping strategies; the students who were under less stress and engaged less in cognitive avoidance and more in problem-focused coping were also the students who made more academic achievement; and students under more stress performed worse, but with age stress affected performance less. In teacher education students, it is important to recognize and address the harmful effects of stress on well-being and academic achievement, to avoid long-term problems in professional and personal life.
Updated: Dec. 09, 2019
The authors designed a lab-based pilot and classroom-based feasibility study to examine an effective way to introduce mindfulness meditation. The authors conclude that the findings of these two studies of the guided mindfulness meditation — one a pilot and the other comparative trial — suggest that mindfulness meditation is feasible to introduce to early childhood education students with some modifications.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2018
The current study explored the influence of a university-based student teaching program in rural East Africa on the beliefs of four preservice teacher participants. In conclusion, this article has presented the perspectives of four participants who student-taught in East Africa for 8 weeks as part of their student teaching requirement at a Western university. Each of the participants had unique and valuable experiences that shaped the ways in which he or she worked to become an educator in a rural East African community. The authors argue that the program shaped the participants' beliefs about teaching and continues to be an experience they reflect on in their lives.
Updated: Sep. 04, 2017
Investigating Teacher Efficacy: Comparing Preservice and Inservice Teachers with Different Levels of Experience
This research examined differences in the levels of domain-specific and general efficacy across groups of preservice and inservice teachers. The participants divided into four classifications: the preservice teacher—prior, preservice teacher – post, novice teacher and experienced teacher. The findings revealed that experienced teachers held the highest general teaching efficacy as well as the highest efficacy with regards to domain-specific areas such as student engagement and classroom management.
Updated: Aug. 27, 2014
This article investigates the prior learning of pre-service early childhood education students in the area of global education, a new curriculum initiative in Australian schools. 65 teacher education students entering the Bachelor of Early Childhood at the University of Western Sydney (UWS) responded to a survey on global education during their orientation programme. The results show that unlike primary and secondary teachers who describe university courses and specific content as reflecting global education; early childhood educators describe global education knowledge and perspectives as representing social processes related to working with young children.
Updated: Apr. 17, 2011
In an effort to generate a bottom-up approach for the program-wide implementation of electronic portfolios, this article first reports on the ways in which teacher candidates perceived the benefits and setbacks of this experience, after an initial course. Second, this article reports on whether and how the teacher candidates continued to develop their e-portfolios voluntarily throughout the program, after the initial course. The results indicate that even though the electronic portfolios were initially perceived to be highly beneficial, the voluntary nature of the ongoing process discouraged further development.
Updated: Jun. 13, 2010