Search results for: Universities
Page 1/3 25 items
Evidence-Based Practice in Teacher Education: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Practical Knowledge
European educational reforms call for the implementation of evidence-based teaching (EBT) in universities. Based on the evidence-based research paradigm in medical education, this study investigates the relationship between teacher educators' research experience, practical knowledge, self-efficacy beliefs, and frequency of EBT implementation. The authors report on survey data from N = 243 teacher educators from Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. A set of mediation analyses were run to identify the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs and practical knowledge in the interplay among teacher educators' research experience and frequency of research evidence implementation. The results indicate that self-efficacy beliefs are a strong predictor of how frequently teacher educators implement EBT. Implications about the role of self-efficacy beliefs in teacher educators' professional learning and development along with future steps that are necessary to increase the implementation of EBT practices in teacher education will be discussed.
Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
The Universities and initial teacher education; challenging the discourse of derision. The case of Wales
For nearly 40 years the quality and value of the contribution of universities to initial teacher education has been brought into question. This is particularly so in England where the ongoing ‘discourse of derision’ has resulted in universities no longer being seen as necessary partners in the process. More recently, similar challenges have taken place in other countries such as USA and Australia. However in 2013, when the Welsh Government turned its attention to the apparent low quality of its current provision, rather than challenging the role of universities, it chose to strengthen their contribution. There were however to be important changes that insisted that universities put the student teacher learning at the heart of course planning, that universities clarify their own distinctive contribution and that they work in close collaboration with schools. While this approach to initial teacher education is not new, this is the first time that such a model has been implemented on a national scale. This paper outlines the nature, rationale and underlying research for the reforms in Wales. It concludes by speculating on their likely impact in raising the quality of provision and securing the future contribution of universities to teachers’ learning.
Updated: Aug. 18, 2020
This article investigate teacher educators’ views of current trends and their consequences for teacher education futures. The findings reported give voice to the expert participants. The data were then used to develop the discussion which comprised two scenarios. Two major fields of change are identified here and these are used to imagine different futures through the use of a two-dimensional model. The two major fields identified from the discussion are a continuum on location of teacher education, from school based to university based, and a continuum on autonomy and regulation, ranging from high government regulation to self-regulation by the profession.
Updated: May. 07, 2017
Re-envisioning the Role of Universities in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Community Partnerships for 21st-Century Learning
In this article, the authors present a framework for collaborative, field-based early childhood teacher preparation, situating birth-though-grade-12 teacher education in diverse community contexts and involving school and community personnel to achieve universal 21st-century goals for the teaching and learning of young children. The authors conclude that effective early childhood teacher education must be firmly grounded in the established theories and standards of early childhood education, but also well-positioned to meet the needs of diverse young children and to adapt to a context of increased accountability and demographic shifts.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2016
In this article, the authors analyses the history of teacher education in Australia from 1974 to the current policy moment. Teacher education is, and has been, a highly scrutinised domain in Australia. Since the 1970s, teacher educators have seen more than 100 reviews of teacher education in Australia, with another one recently announced in 2014. The author discusses three phases in the growth and development of teacher education in the past 40 years by considering the ways in which teacher education (and teaching) has been thought about at various points in time and analysing the related policies for funding governance and regulation.
Updated: Dec. 23, 2015
Implementing A Technology-Supported Model for Cross-Organisational Learning and Knowledge Building for Teachers
This article proposes that in teachers’ professional development, using the cross-organisational learning and knowledge building model (LKB model) might better connect individual and organisational learning and promote teacher professional development. The authors provide the developed and validated cross-organisational LKB model in the teacher development context with the support of e-portfolio. The authors also discuss the barriers to be overcome when applying the LKB model. Finally, the authors present scenarios developed together with the stakeholders.The findings reveal the following barriers in applying LKB model: teachers’ habits for documenting and externalising their knowledge, participation in cross-organisational communities of educators, and their technical preparedness.
Updated: Oct. 30, 2013
The author attempts to understand the role and objective of the European Union (EU) steering university-based research policy in relation to national and other global actors, despite its being outside of the EU’s direct jurisdiction. The author suggests that despite strong globalising trends, the EU promotes these trends at the national and sub-national levels, and also attempts to structure the research environment in a complex heterogeneous way.
Updated: Aug. 19, 2013
This article describes transformation of the organisation of teacher training in France. The transformation of training and recruitment of teachers results from distinct reforms concerning three interrelated aspects of the organisation of teacher training: the setting of the entrance requirement to the profession at the level of a university Master’s degree (Masterisation of teacher training), the change in the recruitment process, and the integration of teacher training colleges (IUFM) into the universities.
Updated: Aug. 06, 2013
Boundaries and Bricolage: Examining the Roles of Universities and Schools in Student Teacher Learning
This article describes a study that examines the boundary encounter between four sets of three participants on a distance education programme in initial teacher education. The study investigates the boundary zone created when the triad talk about teaching and learning as they collaboratively plan a lesson, and then when they talk about it afterwards. The main focus of the study was on the learning opportunities that are presented to student teachers as they engage in conversations about teaching and learning with their mentor and university tutor.
Updated: Sep. 27, 2012
In this article, the authors examine the research activity of Saudi university teacher educators. Survey results collected from eighty-two teacher educators at a leading university in Saudi Arabia. The results pointed to modest levels of research activity and also suggested that these individuals held largely technical views of what research is.
Updated: Aug. 29, 2012