Search results for: Teacher knowledge
Page 1/7 67 items
Guided reflection procedure as a method to facilitate student teachers’ perception of their teaching to support the construction of practical knowledge
This study investigates meaningful events that student teachers identified from video recordings of their teaching practice that were used to improve their knowledge base. Data were collected from 21 student teachers at an Estonian university using a guided reflection procedure. Deductive qualitative content analysis was performed on meaningful events and student teacher reflections. Pearson’s chi-square test was used to compare the differences in types of practical knowledge that student teachers communicated when reflecting on meaningful events. Results indicate that video recordings facilitated the selection of meaningful events related to various aspects of teaching. Moreover, reflecting on empowering events advanced theoretical reasoning, while reflecting on challenging events advanced artefacts: i.e. knowledge that could guide student teacher actions in various teaching situations. Therefore, this study offers valuable insight into the kinds of knowledge student teachers construct in their teaching practice.
Updated: Oct. 23, 2020
“I question America…. is this America?” Learning to view the civil rights movement through an intersectional lens
This qualitative case study investigates how two preservice elementary teachers crafted narratives of Black women in the Civil Rights Movement using an intersectional lens. Using Black feminism and Black critical patriotism as theoretical frameworks, the authors examine the process in which preservice teachers attempted to construct historical narratives using Crenshaw’s framework of intersectionality. The preservice teachers used this framework to examine the intersecting identities and resulting experiences of women in the past and present in order to present a more complex narrative of the Civil Rights Movement to elementary students. This study is important because it helps preservice teachers and their students become conscious of the ways in which different people experience(d) the world based on intersecting identities as a way to promote empathy and critical citizenship.
Updated: Dec. 02, 2019
This study explored the effects of the teacher characteristics on pre-service teacher (PST) concern about integrating Web 2.0 tools into instruction. The authors found significant relationships between the concern and a few personal characteristics. The authors found that the PSTs seemed more prepared and confident in utilising instructional strategies (pedagogical knowledge) and less in engaging students in learning and managing classrooms.
Updated: Dec. 23, 2018
Knowledge and Beliefs of Early Childhood Education Students at Different Levels of Professional Preparation
This study aimed to explore the characteristics of students at different levels of early childhood professional preparation. The results show differences in knowledge across the differentiated levels of early childhood professional preparation. The authors argue that such results are relevant to teacher preparation programs and provide further support for policies within early childhood programs requiring continued education for early childhood teachers.
Updated: Dec. 09, 2018
Climate Change Professional Development: Design, Implementation, and Initial Outcomes on Teacher Learning, Practice, and Student Beliefs
The authors investigated the design and implementation of the Climate Academy, a professional development project intended to help teachers learn about climate change and support the development and implementation of climate change topics in participating teachers’ curricula. This article indicates that a focus on the science of climate change and modeling of theoretically driven pedagogical activities can help teachers improve their climate science knowledge as well as their understanding of how to teach climate science concepts by aligning content and practices with students’ local environment. Furthermore, the authors found that all teachers appreciated the opportunity to learn important content from climate experts and experience hands-on modeling during the summer institute.
Updated: Nov. 11, 2018
In this study, the author examined the professional knowledge that teachers use in order to assess and respond meaningfully to children’s interests. The findings revealed that personal and idiosyncratic nature of teachers’ knowledge gained in family, center and community contexts. The author argues that the personal, informal knowledge became infused with professional knowledge that influenced teacher curriculum decision-making and pedagogical practices. This informal knowledge can be described as an analytical framework of funds of knowledge. The teachers use the funds of knowledge in their interactions with children in complex and connected ways.
Updated: May. 23, 2018
This study examines preschool teachers’ knowledge of their young students’ number conceptions and the teachers’ related self-efficacy beliefs. The authors found that promoting preschool teachers’ knowledge of appropriate mathematical tasks is interrelated with promoting their knowledge of students. The findings reveal that that teachers’ estimates of their students’ abilities increased as a result of participating in the program. The authors also saw that teachers’ improved the accuracy of their estimations related to students’ abilities to perform number-related tasks.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
See and Tell: Differences between Expert and Novice Teachers’ Interpretations of Problematic Classroom Management Events
This article explored the differences between expert and novice teachers' perceptions and interpretations of problematic classroom events. The authors identified a number of differences in the way experts and novices perceived, interpreted and explained the problematic situations with which they were presented. The findings reveal that the novice teachers expressed significantly more visual perceptions. The experts, however, offered significantly more interpretations: they provided inferences about students, inferences about the teacher, and explanatory and/or reasoning statements. The authors conclude that novice teachers perceive students as key contributors to the problems which arise and escalate. However, the experts share their reasoning, explicating how and when problems emerge.
Updated: Mar. 25, 2018
The Effect of Teacher Education Programs on Future Elementary Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge: A Five Country Analysis Using TEDS-M Data
This study examined the associations between teacher preparation components and the knowledge of teaching candidates based on data from the TEDS-M study. The findings reveal that the number of mathematics content courses taken has an effect on teaching candidates’ level of MCK in three countries. Specifically, the authors found that taking courses in discrete structure and logic had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Spain, and Switzerland. Furthermore, they found that taking courses in continuity and functions had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Switzerland, and the USA.
Updated: Feb. 14, 2018
Teachers’ Professional Knowledge for Teaching English as a Foreign Language: Assessing the Outcomes of Teacher Education
This paper offers a conceptualization and operationalization of the professional knowledge of future middle school teachers for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), whom the authors directly assessed using tests developed by the research group. The authors conclude that test score differences by phase and program as shown in this study are well aligned to certain priorities laid down in the initial teacher education curriculum. The authors consider this as evidence for the curricular validity of the tests. The authors suggest that the tests could be used to inform about learning progress of student teachers throughout their teacher preparation program.
Updated: Sep. 25, 2017