Search results for: Teachers’ learning
Page 1/6 56 items
Supporting science teachers teaching outside specialism: teachers’ views of a professional development programme
In Malta, most science teachers are likely to have a teaching degree level qualification in one science subject. When teaching science in the first two years of secondary school they will be teaching outside their area of science specialism, that is teaching a subject/s that was not studied at degree or Advanced level. A study was conducted to investigate how a group of science teachers, who are non-chemistry specialists, could be supported to teach chemistry topics by participating in a year-long professional development programme. Data were gathered through individual and focus group interviews. This paper focuses on the teachers’ views of this programme and how it affected their views of teaching chemistry. After conducting experiments, discussing and planning lessons within a community of learners teachers felt better prepared to teach chemistry. This enabled them to change their views and expand their identity as a science teacher.
Updated: May. 25, 2022
Compared to their more experienced colleagues, novice teachers are more likely to experience burn-out and leave the profession. They are also more likely to be assigned out-of-field. This paper shines a light on the emotional and cognitive nature of what is involved for these teachers as they learn to teach out-of-field. Fortune lines technique was used by four novice secondary teachers to reflect on how their perceived capacity and enjoyment changed in their out-of-field and in-field teaching practice, and the influences that caused those changes. Analysis showed that teachers experienced more growth in capacity and enjoyment in their out-of-field contexts compared to in-field, but that their experience of learning was more disrupted. Twelve interconnected categories of influence were identified, but teachers’ unique experiences show that tailored support should be informed by an understanding of what factors corrode and enhance each teacher’s perceived capacity and enjoyment.
Updated: May. 23, 2022
A critical mass of literacy scholars have re-defined what it means to prepare reading teachers toward approaches that foreground culture, critical inquiry, and multilingualism. An upsurge in research on critical approaches to prepare caring and conscious reading teachers has resulted, though fewer studies have examined the ways novice teachers worked through moments of crisis that often accompany anti-racist learning experiences. This study reports findings from a qualitative investigation of seven prospective teachers’ coursework during their participation in an elementary reading methods course framed around culturally relevant literacy teaching for teacher learning. Findings begin to document specific activities PSTs engaged in to productively struggle through crisis and suggest that preservice teachers can and should wrestle with the complexities of effective literacy teaching for African American and Hispanic readers in ways that lay the foundation for culturally relevant teaching. Implications for literacy teacher education and research are included.
Updated: May. 15, 2022
Evolving Problems of Practice: How a Teacher’s Reflective Courses of Action Contributed to Her Learning and Change
Although literature emphasizes the value of recursive reflection on problems of practice to facilitate teacher learning and change, few studies investigate teachers’ iterative, evolving reflections on problems that emerge in their efforts to change their practice over time. This case study provides an in-depth, longitudinal analysis of one teacher’s incremental trajectory of change through examining her reflective discourse in pre- and post-observational planning and debriefing meetings with researchers over two-and-a-half school years. The middle school teacher was intentionally focused on changing her practice to support students’ historical inquiry, shifting from a more traditional, authoritative approach to a disciplinary-inquiry stance. Analysis entailed mapping the teacher’s talk about problems of practice in planning/debriefing meetings and how the evolution of her framing of problems was influenced by reflective courses of action. Analysis revealed the teacher’s courses of action differed depending on the type of problem she addressed and that these courses of action contributed to changes in her knowledge, practice, and dispositions. The paper addresses implications for studying and supporting teacher learning and change.
Updated: May. 14, 2022
Investigating teacher learning in Lesson Study: the important link between reported observations and change of plans
This study explores the processes of collaborative teacher learning in a Lesson Study group at a lower secondary school in Norway. In this context, teacher learning is understood from a sociocultural perspective, as making sense of the world, solving problems and exploring new perspectives through social interaction. Audio-recorded teacher discussions are analysed, using a coding system adapted to identify whether teachers’ reports of observations from the classroom are related to interpretation, evaluation and further planning. Findings reveal a strong link between reported and interpreted observations, evaluation of student learning and teaching, and further planning. The article suggests that the sharing phase of the post-research lesson discussions provided the foundation for this relationship. Planned observations operationalised through observation forms contributed to rich reports of observations from several observers. The collaborative sharing process opened up for extended perspectives on the research lessons. However, the most crucial aspect for teacher learning was shared ownership of challenges and a common wish to change and improve the next lesson. These findings contribute to enlighten the potential of teacher learning processes in Lesson Study.
Updated: May. 09, 2022
This study examined student teachers’ perceptions of how well their Teacher Education (TE) had prepared them for 21st-century competencies, and how well they applied these competencies to their teaching. In addition, the study sought to identify best practices, major obstacles, and suggestions to achieve these competencies. The study was implemented in two universities and three universities of applied sciences in Finland that have TE programmes. This study used a mixed-method approach. Data were collected both quantitatively and qualitatively from student teachers (n = 227), who assessed 21st-century competencies with a structured questionnaire that included open-ended questions. Quantitative data analysis used descriptive statistics and correlations, while qualitative data analysis used content analysis. The study found that based on the student teachers’ self-assessment, the student teachers achieved successfully 21st-century competencies despite differences between competencies. The best-achieved competency was ‘Collaboration’ and the least well-achieved was ‘Global connections.’ The study illustrated student teachers’ perception of their success in applying 21st-century competencies to their teaching at schools. Answers to open-ended questions produced convincing evidence that courses involving collaborative and interactive learning, high quality, sufficient support, related 21st-century competencies, certain pedagogical methods used by teacher educators, and integrating theory and practice can contribute strongly to the development of student teachers’ 21st-century competencies.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2022
Dissonance during teacher preparation is commonplace. Rather than presenting a roadblock, dissonance may be critical for preservice teachers' learning. This case study examines how to organize teacher education to embrace dissonance through deliberative dialogue. Findings suggest that scaffolding during dialogues created conditions where participants could engage with peers' perspectives, rethink assumptions, and deepen interpretive power for understanding students’ ideas. Dialogues encouraged persistence when dissonance threatened to prohibit further sense-making. By persisting, tensions became productive rather than prohibitive for sense-making. Findings have implications for the design of teacher preparation experiences and for theorizing about how beginning teachers learn across experiences.
Updated: Mar. 28, 2022
Continuity of learning and development for children transitioning from pre-compulsory to compulsory education remains challenging in many educational contexts. There is little evidence about the potential of coaching to build teacher capability as a strategy to enhance continuity for children. This article reports details of how a collective case study and the theory of practice architectures framed an investigation of coaching practices aimed at building teacher capability to address student continuity issues. The research endorses a situated (site ontological) approach to building teacher capability to enhance continuity in the early years. Findings identify how site-based conditions influenced (enabled and constrained) coaching practices and transitional continuity.
Updated: Mar. 09, 2022
Teachers as learners – a qualitative exploration of pre-service and in-service teachers’ continuous learning community OpenDigi
This study explores pre-service and in-service teachers’ experiences in working as a learning community. Pre-service teachers (N = 60) and teacher educators (N = 9) from a Finnish university and in-service teachers (N = 27) from four local comprehensive schools worked together over six months. The teachers-as-learners continuous learning model was created and implemented in practice. The participants’ written reflections were collected to explore what they learned, what challenges they experienced and how they would further develop the model. The results showed that the pre-service and the in-service teachers reflected on their work somewhat differently. The former experienced learning group working, self-regulation, and pedagogic and didactic skills. The latter learned group working skills and new teaching methods. Both groups of teachers experienced challenges, one of which was named role confusion. The pre-service teachers experienced role confusion in terms of guided versus independent work. The in-service teachers’ role confusion led them to wonder whether they should provide the pre-service teachers with expert support or participate as equal group members. Both pre-service and in-service teachers reflected that the model would require active involvement of all teachers and teacher educators involved. The results provide implications for pre-service and in-service teacher education.
Updated: Feb. 16, 2022
This literature review analyzed 18 studies published between 2013 and 2020 to understand the role of virtual humans in mixed reality digital puppeteering simulations aimed at promoting teacher learning. Research questions explored: simulation design models, interactor training, and the attention researchers gave to language and race in the virtual classroom. The descriptive and logistical findings from this review resulted in three learning design models and five design principles that may guide the future use of digital puppeteering in mixed-reality virtual classrooms to promote teacher learning. Across studies, findings suggested promising results of teacher learning through mixed reality simulations and illuminated possible areas for future research. These included the documentation of interactor preparation and detailed evaluation of the interactions between teachers and avatars in virtual classrooms
Updated: Aug. 20, 2021