Search results for: Children
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Pre-service early childhood teachers (PECTs) are expected to support young children’s engaged and meaningful use of ICT for early learning and development. Unless teachers believe that ICT is beneficial for young children, they will be unable or unwilling to encourage and support children’s use of ICT in educational environments. This paper aims to uncover PECTs’ attitudes and intentions regarding young children’s use of ICT through a survey on 410 PECTs in a Chinese university. The majority of the PECTs had low positive perceptions of the role of ICT for young children, whereas they expressed great willingness to support young children’s use of ICT. There are considerable parameters which influence both PECTs’ attitudes and intentions: ICT ownership and daily use, the frequency of ICT use, ICT professional learning or training and ICT skills. Implications for PECTs teacher education preparation were discussed.
Updated: Nov. 25, 2021
Teachers’ beliefs about young children’s technology use at home are intertwined with their beliefs about parents and their parenting practices. This paper reports a qualitative study of eight purposefully selected Chinese preservice early childhood (EC) teachers’ beliefs about children’s home technology use and associated representations of parents and teachers. The participants possessed inflated positive beliefs about young children’s natural technology competence but were worried that parents would expose children to content for prolonged periods. Teachers’ role was seen as responsible guides for children and educational authorities over parents. Implications for research and teacher education are discussed.
Updated: Oct. 14, 2021
What Is Missing In Our Teacher Education Practices: A Collaborative Self-Study Of Teacher Educators With Children During The Covid-19 Pandemic
This self-study explores the experiences and challenges that the authors as mothers of young children and teacher educators have faced during the COVID-19 pandemic. While describing what their children experienced through remote learning and how they tried to support their learning, they reflect on their former school experiences and their teacher education practices. To do this, they address the following two research questions: (1) What were their children’s experiences in remote learning during the pandemic?; and (2) What were their experiences as mothers and teacher educators in supporting their children’s remote learning during the pandemic? Adopting a collaborative self-study methodology, they collected stories of their experiences as mothers and teacher educators during their children’s remote learning. Their data were collected through participant observations, field notes, and artifacts that their children created, as well as learning materials received from their teachers and schools during the period. In addition, they recorded virtual conferences and wrote reflective journals. The suda approach, which was developed as a research method by the authors was used for data analysis. Originally from Korean culture, suda in simple English is ‘chatting extensively.’ It is different from small talk or chit-chat, though, as it can take a large amount of time, covering several stories in depth. The findings provide several implications for teacher education, school policy, and educational research.
Updated: Oct. 07, 2021
Becoming trauma-informed: a case study of early educator professional development and organizational change
An extraordinary number of young children are exposed to trauma that impacts their development and well-being. Early care and education (ECE) programs are uniquely positioned to support children exposed to trauma yet may lack access to resources and professional development to enhance their capacity to deliver trauma-informed care. Using a qualitative multiple case study methodology, this study investigated how five urban ECE programs adopted new trauma-informed practices as a result of participating in a collaborative model for professional learning. This model, called the Breakthrough Series Collaborative, is designed to build both individual and organizational capacity to implement new practices and is supported by theoretical frameworks from organizational and improvement science. The study explored the changes that occurred at the individual, classroom, and organizational levels. Results suggest changes in knowledge and attitudes about trauma, empathy, and teacher empowerment; classroom and practice level shifts including social and emotional teaching and family centered communication; and at the organizational level a more caring and collaborative workplace culture and improved interagency collaboration. The results further suggest that professional development delivered at the organizational level may support the coordinated implementation of new trauma-informed care (TIC) practices by both teachers and administrators building organizational capacity to improve and sustain these practices.
Updated: Sep. 29, 2021
Education and Child Poverty in Times of Austerity in Portugal: Implications for Teachers and Teacher Education
This article aimed to examine recent policy documents and other reports on the education sector. It also analysed the ways in which initial teacher education (ITE) deals with poverty issues, within the post-Bologna context, through the voices of student-teachers who have finished their practicum at school. The findings pointed to the deterioration of working conditions at school for teachers. The authors argue that the strategies used by teachers to face poverty situations have made student-teachers more aware of their lack of preparedness to deal with teaching in such a demanding context.
Updated: Jul. 03, 2018
A Case Study of How a Sample of Preservice Teachers Made Sense of Incorporating iPads into their Instruction with Children
This article examined how a sample of preservice teachers (PSTs) made sense of incorporating technology, specifically iPads and their apps, into their teaching. The findings reveal that the participants perceived the process of making sense of how to incorporate technology, specifically iPads and their apps, into their teaching as a complex and evolving process. The authors suggest that teacher educators ought to plan out both classroom and field experiences that offer numerous opportunities to learn from and teach with these devices in multiple ways.
Updated: Jun. 17, 2018
Preparing Teachers for Success with English Language Learners: Challenges and Opportunities for University TESOL Education
The study examines the role that university English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) programs play in shaping inservice teachers’ work with English Language Learners (ELLs). The findings reveal that the ESOL endorsement program contributed positively to Wheatland Elementary teachers’ preparation for their transition to becoming a district ESL site. The results show that there was an increase in an appreciation of the use of students’ first language to facilitate comprehension of content and promote bilingualism. These results suggest that well-planned university programs influence even very experienced teachers and those who may be ambivalent toward ESOL endorsement mandates, and policies that limit the requirements for those seeking state ESOL endorsement may be ill advised.
Updated: May. 16, 2018
I’m Just Playing iPad”: Comparing Prekindergarteners’ and Preservice Teachers’ Social Interactions While Using Tablets for Learning
This article focuses on how children and preservice teachers responded to using technology in their learning processes and how the choice and use of certain kinds of apps prompted social engagement across both settings. The findings reveal that students, young and old alike, explored iPad apps socially. The authors conclude that they selected apps in their studies and encouraged preservice teachers to select apps that would align with social constructivist and sociocultural perspectives. Using these lenses, the authors advocate for apps designed to allow for open-ended, discovery-based learning through playful exploration and experimentation.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
A Review of Research on Prospective Teachers’ Learning About Children’s Mathematical Thinking and Cultural Funds of Knowledge
This review focuses on research related to how prospective teachers (PSTs) learn to connect to children’s mathematical thinking (CMT) and children’s cultural funds of knowledge (CFoK) in mathematics instruction.
Updated: Jun. 07, 2017
This study investigated the relationships between Australian early years teachers’ epistemic beliefs and their beliefs about children’s moral learning. Results indicated that early years teachers held relatively sophisticated epistemic beliefs. The participants held epistemic beliefs reflecting views that knowledge is not certain; that knowledge is more than simple facts and that learning can take time; that truths are not absolute and that what is true today is not necessarily true tomorrow. With respect to beliefs about moral learning, teachers were less likely to agree that teachers had a role in children’s moral learning or that schools were the context where moral learning should take place.
Updated: Jun. 05, 2017