Search results for: Teacher induction
Page 1/3 22 items
Which teacher induction practices work? Linking forms of induction to teacher practices, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction
Teacher induction is regarded as an important facet of the teacher education system in many countries. However, important questions remain concerning which teacher induction practices are most associated with teacher quality and retention. This study (N = 736) therefore leverages data from the 2018 Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) to examine relationships between various forms of teacher induction and teacher practices, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction, while controlling for an array of teacher socio-demographic and professional characteristics. Five specific teacher induction activities—including team teaching; online activities; and portfolios, diaries, or journals—were associated with one or more teacher-level outcome variables.
Updated: Mar. 22, 2022
This mixed-methods study explores the experiences and influence of induction on novice teachers. The authors quantitatively analyze survey data from over two thousand novice teachers and a thousand of their coaches through statistical comparisons and multiple linear regression analyses to explore whether structures of induction are associated with how teachers learn and develop in their pedagogy. Qualitative analyses of respondents’ open-ended responses guided by word cluster formations indicate a positive feeling about this induction program but revealed differing areas of focus between novice teachers and their coaches. Results indicate the importance of coaches, curriculum, and the learning management system in creating positive induction experiences. Findings from this study have implications for the influence and structural design of induction programs for novice teacher development.
Updated: Feb. 08, 2022
Prior research on teenage interest in teaching careers hinges on the assumption that many adolescents, who expect to become teachers, realise their plans in adulthood. However, little is currently known about whether this is the case for recent youth cohorts. This issue is explored here using the nationally representative data from the Australian PISA 2006 cohort who participated, between 2006 and 2016, in the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth. The findings indicate that two-thirds of teenage students who wanted to become teachers abandoned their plans before turning 23. The implications for policy and future research are also discussed.
Updated: Sep. 02, 2021
The aims of this paper are to explore novice teachers’ experiences in the Covid-19 crisis, and to examine their professional identity construction process. During the global crisis, novice teachers had to deal with unexpected challenges and take advantage of new opportunities. This study is based on 32 narratives of novice teachers in Israel who took part in a one semester online Zoom induction in two workshops. The open conversations narratives in the meetings were recorded and transcribed, and then subjected to categorical content analysis. The findings show the challenges and opportunities related to three central categories: technological, pedagogical and educational system in the novice teachers’ experiences. The main contributions of this study are: understanding the novice teachers’ experiences in the uncertainty and turmoil of the crisis, and learning about professional dilemmas and tensions which gave rise to various challenges and opportunities that that supported the construction their professional identity.
Updated: Apr. 12, 2021
“Reality Shock” of Beginning Teachers? Changes in Teacher Candidates’ Emotional Exhaustion and Constructivist-Oriented Beliefs
In the present study, the authors investigated changes in teacher candidates’ constructivist beliefs and emotional exhaustion. They assessed 163 German mathematics teacher candidates 3 times: at the beginning of, in the middle of, and after they completed the induction program. The results revealed a statistically significant decrease in constructivist beliefs and an inverted U-shaped change in emotional exhaustion with an increase at the beginning of the induction program and a decrease afterward. They also found that personal (i.e., math enjoyment) and social (i.e., instrumental support from peers and a constructivist-oriented mentor teacher) resources buffered the decrease in constructivist beliefs and the increase in emotional exhaustion.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2021
As global migration increases, teachers increasingly need to cope with the difficulties of immigrant students. Using the narratives of beginning teachers, the authors focus on two main questions: What process do beginning teachers undergo in coping with injustices committed against their students? And how do they act in cases of social injustice that arise in their work? The narrative inquiry on which this article is based helps to gain a better understanding of beginning teachers’ social justice experiences and perceptions. Findings point to a process of critical reflection on exclusion and inclusion which prompts action for social justice on two levels: individual and school system. The article sheds light on the contribution of beginning teachers’ narratives to understanding the notion of social justice, and its significant implications for teacher education.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2020
Supporting newly-qualified teachers’ professional development and perseverance in secondary education: On the role of informal learning
High percentages of newly qualified teachers (NQTs) drop out during their first 5 years in the classroom. Often, formal support systems are put in place to overcome ‘practice shock’. However, in this research, it was hypothesised that it is not the formal support structure put in place that determines whether starting teachers feel satisfied in their job and show perseverance but rather the amount of knowledge exchange that takes place. This was confirmed by the results of a first quantitative study. Then, a follow-up qualitative study showed that having the principal in the role of a mentor is often experienced as a mechanism of control or evaluation. Starting teachers prefer to choose their own mentor. They prefer their mentor not to be a superior but a close colleague whom they trust, who is teaching the same course in the same year. The authors’ results have especially implications for onboarding of novice teachers. Since social informal learning (e.g. through the exchange of feedback with colleagues) benefits newly qualified teachers, it is important to create a safe and warm learning climate in which knowledge exchange can flourish. Also, NQTs should be given the opportunity to choose their mentor.
Updated: Nov. 29, 2020
This paper explores the Estonian novice teachers’ learning and knowledge building (LKB) practices in the extended professional community during the induction programme using well-known knowledge conversion model. The assumption in this study is that a teachers’ participation in the extended professional community facilitates their professional development. The survey was conducted with 101 novices after their induction programme. The patterns of novices’ LKB practices in the professional learning community during the induction programme were explored. The analysis showed to what extent extended professional community may be formed during the induction year. LKB practice patterns among the novices were identified. The authors discovered that many novices felt that there was insufficient support from other teachers and from university experts.
Updated: Sep. 12, 2019
Preparing Teachers for Professional Learning: Is There a Future for Teacher Education in New Teacher Induction?
In this article, the authors explore which factors support or constrain professional learning during initial years of teaching. The findings reveal that novice teachers generally experienced a positive welcome into their schools and the support of well-meaning colleagues. The majority of the new teachers perceive their initial induction to be useful and, in particular, they credit mentoring with assisting their transition into teaching. The authors conclude that providing opportunities for the new teacher to observe other teachers and to be observed by a mentor emerged as central tasks of learning to teach for these new teachers.
Updated: Nov. 09, 2017
Using Improvement Science to Better Support Beginning Teachers: The Case of the Building a Teaching Effectiveness Network
This paper analyzes how Effectiveness Network (BTEN) schools supported new teacher development using a standard feedback process and improvement science methods. The findings reveal that BTEN participants almost universally reported the use of the feedback process as strengthening relationships between administrators and teachers by opening up communication and making new teachers more visible and vocal in the schools. In addition, administrators also described the consistency and inclusiveness of BTEN as important to improving relationships and developing teachers’ expertise.
Updated: Jan. 10, 2016