Search results for: Group activities
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Collaboration or confrontation? An Investigation into the Role of Prior Experiences in the Completion of Collaborative Group Tasks by Student Teachers
The purpose of this research was to examine students’ views on the value of their own and others’ prior experiences in the performance and completion of the tasks. They were also asked about how prior experiences might affect the dynamic of the groups they worked in and what improvements might make the tasks more effective. The findings revealed that prior experiences, particularly those related to practical skills, were valued by the students as contributory factors to the successful completion of collaborative tasks. Furthermore, some of the students’ prior experiences led them to take a less active role in the tasks, while others led students to appear highly opinionated. The students were in agreement that there was a need for mutual respect and acceptance of others’ ideas in order to make the groups work effectively.
Updated: Jul. 06, 2015
This article describes the development of a portfolio process based upon digital photographs taken to document the first teaching practicum of student teachers. This portfolio process was implemented solely for the purpose of enhancing learning through professional reflection. The authors argue that one of the strengths of portfolios is the potential for the inclusion of authentic evidence. However, viewed from this perspective the original portfolio process did not appear to be achieving the intended high level of authenticity. Furthermore, the portfolio process intended to promote self-reflection and the self-awareness that arose from genuine reflection. However, students’ selection justifications frequently appeared to be based upon the external judgement and feedback comments made by academic staff.
Updated: Nov. 10, 2014
In this article, the authors were interested to examine collective efficacy in the classroom by using Vygotsky's view. The authors' purpose was to illustrate ways in which the classroom teacher becomes classroom community organizer, especially as relating to the development of collective classroom efficacy. The data for this exploration were collected from an extensive ethnographic data set from one teacher’s fifth-grade classroom over four years.
Updated: Sep. 13, 2012
Cooperative learning (CL) is a documented pedagogical practice that promotes academic achievement and socialization. This study reports on the perceptions of 10, middle-year teachers who implemented cooperative learning in a unit of work across two school terms. The data indicated that while the teachers had positive experiences with CL, a number encountered difficulties with implementing it in their classrooms. Issues identified included students socializing during group activities and not working, managing time effectively, and the preparation required.
Updated: Aug. 22, 2010
The article explores small-group problem-based learning (PBL), which has been a widely embraced method of study of in many levels of education. The author looks at complex adaptive system (CAS) and tries to compare them to small-group problem-based systems, and implications for health professions education are discussed.
Updated: Jun. 19, 2008
This study investigates the process of collaborative knowledge construction when technology and pictorial knowledge representations are used for visualizing individual and groups’ shared ideas. The focus of the study is on how teacher-students contribute to the group’s collaborative knowledge construction and use each other’s ideas and tools as an affordance for their jointly evolving cognitive systems.
Updated: Apr. 12, 2008