Search results for: Elementary school teachers
Page 1/16 158 items
Preservice teachers’ expressed awarenesses: emerging threads of retro-spection of learning and pro-spection of teaching
In this paper, the authors report an enquiry into elementary preservice teachers’ learning, as they engage in doing mathematics for themselves. As a group of researchers working in elementary Initial Teacher Education in English universities, they co-planned and taught sessions on growing pattern generalisation. Following the sessions, interviews of fifteen preservice teachers at two universities focused on their expressed awareness of their approach to the mathematical activity. Preservice teachers’ prospective planning and post-teaching evaluations of similar activities in their classrooms were also examined. They draw on aspects of enactivism and the notion of reflective “spection” in the context of teacher learning, tracing threads between preservice teachers’ retro-spection of learning and pro-spection of teaching. Their analysis indicates that increasing sensitivity to their own embodied processes of generalisation offers opportunities for novice teachers to respond deliberately, rather than to react impulsively, to different pedagogical possibilities. The paper contributes a new dimension to the discussion about the focus of novice elementary school teachers’ retrospective reflection by examining how deliberate retrospective analysis of doing mathematics, and not only of teaching actions, can develop awarenesses that underlie the growth of expertise in mathematics teaching. The authors argue that engaging preservice teachers in mathematics to support deliberate retrospective analysis of their mathematics learning and prospective consideration of the implications for teaching can enable more critical pedagogical choices.
Updated: Jul. 18, 2022
Educating Klaren: neoliberal ideology in teacher education impacting candidate preparation and the teaching of science to Black students
This study employs a qualitative case study approach of one elementary preservice teacher as a critique of neoliberal ideology on teacher education for equity and teaching Black children. The study specifically seeks to understand the role of science teacher education in the preparation of an elementary teacher candidate and her learning about sociocultural perspectives in science education and how her ideas about teaching converge within the larger framing of neoliberal ideology. Sociocultural perspectives are defined broadly to include diversity, equity, and identity with a neoliberal ideology to focus on how the teacher candidate talks about equity issues and the teaching of Black children. The case is constructed using multiple course artifacts collected over one semester (i.e., reflective papers, informal conversations, and a semi-structured interview). The case study discusses the importance of science teacher education in the preparation of teacher candidates for classroom practice where sociocultural perspectives are given attention and how neoliberal ideology may impact teacher candidates’ teaching and learning of science in culturally and racially diverse classrooms.
Updated: Jun. 28, 2022
Achieving the goal of a scientifically literate society greatly depends on teachers. This study assesses preservice elementary teachers’ conceptual understanding of scientific literacy. Study participants include 20 preservice elementary teachers registered in an advanced science methods course at a midsize university in the United States. A qualitative interview design with a sem-istructured interview format was used. The results of this study showed that preservice elementary teachers’ scientific literacy and knowledge of the nature of science required improvement to comply with science education reforms; however, they showed adequate understanding of the relationship among science, technology, and society.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2021
High-Stakes Assessment in an Elementary Teacher Preparation Program: A Case Study of Multiple Stakeholders
In response to increased accountability demands placed on teacher preparation programs across the US, some programs are using standardized teacher performance assessments, such as edTPA. A recent mandate for this study’s elementary teacher preparation program is teacher candidates’ successful completion of edTPA for teacher certification. A case study design explored the experiences and views of multiple stakeholders (instructors, supervisors, administrators, teacher candidates, and cooperating teachers, N = 60) as they engaged in edTPA. Data were collected via two surveys and individual interviews. The effects of edTPA were visible across the data in a variety of ways, as stakeholders found the assessment overwhelming, often taking precedence because of its high-stakes nature. Changes were questioned, as this program was already held in high regard and produced high-quality teachers prepared for urban school contexts. Analysis of the interview data revealed three themes: Assets of edTPA, edTPA-produced Changes, and Not a Fair Measure.
Updated: Sep. 23, 2021
Exploring elementary teacher self-efficacy and teacher beliefs: are we preparing teachers to teach culturally diverse students?
As student demographics continue to change in countries across the world, questions remain as to how well teacher education programmes are training teachers to teach students who are culturally diverse from their teacher. Preservice teachers (N = 523) from six different teacher education programs across one state in the U.S. completed a teacher self-efficacy scale used to determine their beliefs about teaching culturally diverse students at the end of their training and again after their first year of teaching. Teacher education programme descriptions across six programs suggested programs are provided and it was determined that these varied in their structure and in required coursework. Furthermore, findings revealed statistically significant differences across programs. Generally, preservice teachers rated their capability to teach diverse students as “adequate” to “well” on a five-point Likert scale. Scores dropped after one year of teaching full-time. However, these differences in mean scores as participants moved from the preservice to the inservice stage were not statistically significant. These findings suggest that teacher self-efficacy to teach culturally diverse students remain fairly stable as teachers make this critical transition so the work done at the teacher training stage is critical. Recommendations and implications for teacher education programs are provided.
Updated: Jul. 20, 2021
The Development of Teachers’ Visions from Preservice into their First Years Teaching: A Longitudinal Study
This study describes the visions of nine teachers over the course of seven years. The results highlight how the teachers articulated clear visions for their students that focused on helping them become motivated, successful, lifelong learners, and these teachers designed their instruction and classroom environments to support their visions. The authors found, however, these teachers encountered far more obstacles to enacting their visions than they did affordances for working toward them.
Updated: Oct. 14, 2018
From Student to Teacher: Changes in Preservice Teacher Educational Beliefs throughout the Learning-to-Teach Journey
This case study examines preservice teachers’ K–12 memories, their initial educational beliefs, and the changes in those beliefs over their teacher education program. The findings reveal that the preservice teachers initially believed that students were similar to themselves, that teaching was simple and autonomous, that students perform uniformly within grade levels, and that teaching ensures learning. At program’s end, the participants believed that students differ from one another and from themselves, that teaching is complex, that classroom freedom has limits, that differentiation is essential, and that teaching does not ensure learning.
Updated: Oct. 14, 2018
Incorporating Multiple Technologies into Teacher Education: A Case of Developing Preservice Teachers’ Understandings in Teaching Statistics with Technology
This article aims to present an approach for incorporating technology into a mathematics methods course that utilizes several types of technology into one lesson. The lesson engaged preservice teachers in a statistics lesson aimed at developing their reasoning about the measurement units of data and then engages them in reasoning about students’ approaches to the task.
Updated: Oct. 09, 2018
This study investigates the insights and challenges that prospective teachers (PSTs) experience when exploring early algebraic reasoning. The findings indicate that when PSTs engage in early algebra experiences during their preparation for teaching, they may experience meaningful new insights but may also face conceptual challenges. The author also argues that the results suggest that PSTs may benefit from developing informal ways to represent algebraic expressions and equations.
Updated: Jul. 15, 2018
This study aimed to examine whether different instructional practices could positively influence students’ anxieties and perceptions about mathematics. The authors compared between three instructional practices, which conducted to back on the same days in the same classroom (in-class lecture, flipped learning with teacher-created videos, flipped learning with Khan Academy videos). The findings suggest that when comparing the multiple aspects of teaching and learning for a mathematics content course for elementary education preservice teachers, flipped learning with teacher-created videos has the potential to help improve students’ anxieties and confidence in mathematics more than do instruction that incorporates in-class lectures or third-party videos.
Updated: Jul. 12, 2018