Search results for: Competencies
Page 1/2 11 items
Competence and challenge in professional development: teacher perceptions at different stages of career
The present study investigates teachers’ perceived challenge and competence at different stages when dealing with professional requirements. A total of 655 teachers from 250 primary schools in the state of Zurich, Switzerland, at different career stages (pre-service, beginning and experienced teachers), completed a survey measuring four professional requirements in competence and challenge dimensions. Structural equation modelling was used to assess the validity of the measures and teachers’ sense of competence and perceived challenge were compared across different career stages. Beginning teachers were found to be lower in their sense of competence in all four requirements, but teachers’ experiences of challenge varied at different career stages. The findings call for attention to facilitating new teachers to accomplish the required competencies and to minimise any stress arising from the challenges they face. Promoting optimal use of resources through cooperation in the workplace may help beginning teachers to maximise their sense of competence.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2020
The purpose of this study is to determine how active learning in teacher education in Finnish and Turkish contexts affects student teachers’ professional competences. The findings revealed that active learning methods correlated strongly with professional competences in Turkish and Finnish teacher education. This study provides an evidence that active learning methods in pre-service teacher education positively contribute to professional competences, both to classroom-related competence and to a broader concept of teachers’ work.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
This study focuses on the way novice teachers, who are part of a one-year postgraduate diploma in post-primary teaching, have opted to negotiate their status as school teachers. In particular, it asks why novice teachers prefer to hide as they scramble to learn how to teach. Findings suggest that without quality mentoring support, our pre-service teachers prefer to become ‘invisible’ as learners. The authors identified three pre-professional stances: fragile, robust and competitive. The key finding is that none of these pre-professional stances mitigate pre-service students’ lack of negotiating power.
Updated: Sep. 06, 2017
Common Pressures, Same Results? Recent Reforms in Professional Standards and Competences in Teacher Education for Secondary Teachers in England, France and Germany
This study examines how cultural influences have characterized the ‘reforms’ in each of the three countries: England, France and Germany. Four common pressures leading to the reform of teacher education in England, France and Germany are identified as professionalisation, the Bologna Process, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and teacher recruitment.
Updated: May. 30, 2016
In this article, the authors investigate the extent to which three postgraduate teacher education institutes in the Netherlands pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of community competence. This question is approached through three curriculum representations, the intended, implemented and attained curriculum. The study guides revealed that all institutes in some way or another stated the importance of developing community competence by their student teachers. However, it appears that community competence is weakly conceptualised in the intended curriculum. Furthermore, in the implemented and attained curricula, teacher educators, student teachers and the materials showed that there was no systematic and explicit policy for stimulating the development of community competence of student teachers.
Updated: Nov. 25, 2015
This article focuses on the knowledge–competencies nexus in the context of ‘twenty-first century learning’. It raises several questions: Does the interest in competencies devalue or undermine knowledge? Does a social constructivist paradigm necessarily dismantle disciplinary knowledge? What is the relationship between knowledge and improving the life chances for the marginalised? Against a critical background discussion of ‘twenty-first century learning’, these questions are addressed by considering and synthesising three perspectives on knowledge in relation to their particular critique of education, what they say about knowledge, and the bearing this interpretation has on how they view pedagogy and curriculum.
Updated: May. 10, 2015
What Is Meant by Argumentative Competence? An Integrative Review of Methods of Analysis and Assessment in Education
In this article, the authors conducted an integrative literature review focusing on the methods of argument analysis and assessment that have been proposed thus far in the field of education. Specifically, they constructed an interpretative framework to organize the information contained in 97 reviewed studies in a coherent and meaningful way. The main result of the framework’s application is the emergence of three levels of argumentative competence: metacognitive, metastrategic, and epistemological competence.
Updated: May. 26, 2014
This article addresses a set of dilemmas that are associated with teaching, then with teacher education, and finally with the relation or linkage between the two. The authors also note the powerful role that inequality plays in any account of occupational competence in teaching, then conclude by exploring contemporary approaches to the reform or improvement of teacher education as a means of developing occupational competence.
Updated: May. 06, 2012
This article explores the possible role of teaching portfolios as an effective tool both for the negotiation of identity and for the demonstration of teaching competence. Through examining the perceptions of teachers who are in their first five years of teaching, the authors seek to re-frame teaching portfolios in relation to repertoires of practice, a sociocultural historical phrase referring to shared competencies within a given community. The authors conclude that this re-framing enables novice teachers to understand competencies as the repertoires of the teaching profession and that they can enact these repertoires, or competencies, through a range of different practices.
Updated: Sep. 05, 2010
Competent Performances of Situated Identities: Adult Learners of English Accessing Engaged Participation
In this article, the author examines how the lived experiences of three adult learners of English in local (school-based and workplace-based) communities of practice both support and contradict the stated policies and pedagogical practices of the adult ESL program in which they are enrolled. The author relies on the view of Communities of Practice (CofP) framework and theories of engaged participation. The data come from a larger ethnographic study in which the author examined the experiences of women refugees. Findings show that while these adult learners of English managed to learn and adopt the practices of one community of practice, they remained excluded from legitimate membership in other communities of practice.
Updated: Dec. 14, 2009