Search results for: Science teachers
Page 1/13 122 items
Teacher attrition rates are high in urban schools, particularly for new science teachers. Little research has addressed how science teachers can be prepared to effectively bridge the divide between preparation and urban teaching. The authors utilized the theoretical frameworks of social justice, identity, and structure‐agency to investigate this transition. Specifically, they examined the Urban Science Teacher Preparation (USTP) program as a critical case of “well‐prepared” urban science teachers. Study participants included one cohort of four teachers. Data, primarily from individual interviews, a focus group, and written reflections, were collected from participants during pre‐service preparation and their first year of teaching. The USTP program nurtured the development of a professional identity aligned with teaching science for social justice, with a unique emphasis on identifying structural injustices in schools. Findings indicate all four teachers used their identities to negotiate school policies and procedures that restricted student opportunities to learn science through three processes: deconstructing the context, positioning themselves within and against the context, and enacting their identities. These findings suggest the importance of USTP programs to provide teacher candidates with political clarity for teaching for social justice and sustained induction support to resist school socialization pressures.
Updated: May. 26, 2020
Using Tools to Promote Novice Teacher Noticing of Science Teaching Practices in Post-Rehearsal Discussions
This article examines the potential of tool-supported rehearsal enactments and post-rehearsal discussions to provide novices with opportunities to develop the ability to notice and interpret critical features of science teaching. The results revealed that the tools guided novices to collectively identify, interpret, and share insights to respond to critical issues of science teaching and learning related to using the science teaching practices to support student learning.
Updated: Dec. 25, 2018
This study aimed to understand how a journal club, which is used in the science and medical fields to connect theory to practice, could be used in teacher education to reduce the theory–practice gap. The authors argue that the journal club incorporated the three characteristics of a community of practice: learning, meaning, and identity. As the participants presented, discussed, and tied the articles they chose to their practice, their initiative to make the journal club a site for learning grew (enterprise), they grew to respect and trust one another (mutuality), and they became more aware of how participation in the journal club helped them to improve their practice (repertoire).
Updated: Nov. 11, 2018
This study aimed to explore preservice science teachers’ views about the uses of e-readers and e-text prior to their science methods course and their views of their use of this technology when they are required to incorporate them as a resource in their lesson planning. The findings reveal that participants highlighted the potential of e-text as adaptable and more responsive to student interest and need. The authors also found that if preservice secondary education science methods teachers already owned an e-reader device, they reported being more comfortable with their own platform and preferred reading on paper.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2018
Navigating Layers of Teacher Uncertainty among Preservice Science and Mathematics Teachers Engaged in Action Research
This study aimed to explore how the construct of teacher characterizes different dilemmas that preservice science and mathematics teachers encounter as they embark upon their first action research experience. The authors conclude that action research is both a viable and productive mechanism for helping preservice science and mathematics teachers not only to embrace these uncertainties, but more importantly respond to them in creative and innovative ways.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2018
This study aimed to better understand how teachers negotiate their emergent identities and the role emotional transactions play in this process. The authors organized the findings by four key features of what we call the process of ‘identity work’: (1) Incoming teacher beliefs; (2) Teacher identity emotional episodes; (3) Teacher attributions, and (4) and Identity adjustment. All of the participants could identify episodes or experiences during which they had salient emotional responses. Some participants elaborated the ways that these emotional responses served to confirm or further teacher identities/expectations they brought with them into their first year of teaching. Others argued that these events triggered a process of questioning or exploration regarding what their incoming beliefs were.
Updated: May. 17, 2018
Measuring Preservice Teacher Self-Efficacy in Music and Visual Arts: Validation of an Amended Science Teacher Efficacy Belief Instrument
This study aimed to adapt the well-established Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument- B (STEBI-B) for preservice teachers and to pilot the new instrument to determine its validity and reliability in The Arts. The authors argue that this study offers new contributions to the field of educational measurement in The Arts, specifically in measuring primary preservice teacher self-efficacy for learning areas like music and visual arts. The findings reveal that Arts Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (ATEBI) had good internal consistency and re-test reliability on the personal teaching efficacy scale. Furthermore, it was found that ATEBI had good validity statistics using ANOVAs on all scales.
Updated: May. 01, 2018
Initial Science Teacher Education in Portugal: The Thoughts of Teacher Educators About the Effects of the Bologna Process
The purpose of this article was to examine how science teacher educators perceived the changes that took place in the formal way of educating junior school and high school science teachers, due to the implementation of the Bologna process guidelines. The findings reveal that participants are not concerned with the change in the type of degree required for teaching. However, they stated that they are concerned about the teaching practice and the science to be taught components. They believe that these components should be strengthened in the post-Bologna masters in teaching. The authors argue that the changes were introduced in Portuguese educational laws. These changes were proved to be consistent with the participants' opinions.
Updated: Apr. 10, 2018
Developing Practical Knowledge of the Next Generation Science Standards in Elementary Science Teacher Education
This study investigates the development of prospective elementary teachers’ practical knowledge of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSSs) in the context of a science methods course and innovative field experience. The authors present three issues related to how prospective teachers viewed and utilized the standards: (a) prospective teachers perceived the standards as providing guidance for planning; (b) the participants can build practical knowledge for using the NGSS as a tool to self-assess the effectiveness of their instruction in relation to their students’ progress toward meeting the standards; and (c) the participants developed the belief that the standards were achievable for both themselves and their students.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2018
The present study investigated differences in contextual factors across schools and their influence on teachers’ decisions about science instruction. The findings show the influence of context on the sustainability of professional development outcomes. Additionally, it was found that principal support and collegial support are particularly important to teachers in sustaining science instruction. Finally, the study found that variations in school context also influence the extent to which state-level factors affect teachers’ decisions about science instruction.
Updated: Mar. 11, 2018