Section archive - Instruction in Teacher Training
Page 1/96 959 items
The use of virtual simulations in teacher education to develop pre-service teachers’ behaviour and classroom management skills: implications for reflective practice
The use of virtual simulations is increasingly seen as an opportunity to provide pre-service teachers with unique opportunities to experience examples of classroom life in a controlled and structured environment. With these benefits in mind, this paper explores the growing use of virtual simulations in pre-service teacher education and in particular their use in developing pre-service teachers’ behaviour and classroom management skills. It highlights issues that teacher educators need to be cognisant of in using them with student teachers, particularly the extent to which they cement existing stereotypes about pupil behaviour and the extent to which they subsequently limit rather than enhance opportunities for critical reflection.
Updated: Jan. 09, 2021
To identify the tasks student teachers perform during the practicum, a quantitative study was designed using a questionnaire completed by 248 students in their final year of teacher training. The results show that the student teachers did not have the chance to tackle the broad range of teaching tasks, limiting their view of teaching and reducing their training potential. It is necessary to clearly establish the obligations of institutions who collaborate in the practicum, defining participants’ roles and ensuring that this experience encourages appropriate learning.
Updated: Dec. 31, 2020
Online collaborative mind mapping in a mathematics teacher education program: a study on student interaction and knowledge construction
The inclusion of alternative and multimodal methods for online interaction and knowledge construction in mathematics teacher education is still an incipient field. In this paper, the authors present a multiple case study of three blended courses in an elementary mathematics teacher education program at Western University. In these blended courses, the online component included the construction of collaborative mind maps. Through constructivist grounded theory methods, they analyzed teacher candidates’ mind maps as (a) final products, and (b) interaction processes. The resulting theory describes how pre-service mathematics teachers interact and construct knowledge while they engage in online collaborative mind mapping. The study provides insights into the ways that collaborative and multimodal technologies affect mathematics teacher education, and in turn, suggests how its implementation may be improved.
Updated: Dec. 03, 2020
Through the eyes of inclusion: an evaluation of video analysis as a reflective tool for student teachers within special education
The role of special education teachers is currently facing an extensive renewal process closely related to the professional transition from a narrow understanding of special education, rooted in the deficit paradigm, to a broader vision of inclusion as a whole-school and community action. Within such a process, student teachers’ professional development in special education plays a crucial role. Studies on this topic underline how student teachers’ beliefs and attitudes regarding inclusive education deeply affect their future teaching activity. Research shows that, while student teachers usually agree with the principles of inclusive teaching, they are much less sure of how to implement those principles in their teaching practice. By assessing the breadth of the gulf between ideals and practice, the author’s investigation emphasises how the video analysis of simulated lessons carried out by student teachers can contribute to a positive change in student teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion in school. Such a change would help student teachers develop a reflective stance that would strengthen their ability to transform inclusive principles into everyday educational practices.
Updated: Oct. 30, 2020
Guided reflection procedure as a method to facilitate student teachers’ perception of their teaching to support the construction of practical knowledge
This study investigates meaningful events that student teachers identified from video recordings of their teaching practice that were used to improve their knowledge base. Data were collected from 21 student teachers at an Estonian university using a guided reflection procedure. Deductive qualitative content analysis was performed on meaningful events and student teacher reflections. Pearson’s chi-square test was used to compare the differences in types of practical knowledge that student teachers communicated when reflecting on meaningful events. Results indicate that video recordings facilitated the selection of meaningful events related to various aspects of teaching. Moreover, reflecting on empowering events advanced theoretical reasoning, while reflecting on challenging events advanced artefacts: i.e. knowledge that could guide student teacher actions in various teaching situations. Therefore, this study offers valuable insight into the kinds of knowledge student teachers construct in their teaching practice.
Updated: Oct. 23, 2020
University-district partnerships to improve field experiences: Associations with candidate perceptions and performance
Education Preparation Programs (EPPs) are increasingly pressured to demonstrate alignment between program supports and candidates’ outcomes. Using mixed methods, we studied the Early Field Immersion School (EFIS), an effort to improve candidates’ early field experiences. Participants included 171 candidates enrolled in a graduate certificate program and 11 university-based faculty. EFIS candidates spent increased time in early field experiences, yet EFIS was not associated with candidates’ performance at program exit. Although we found that while candidates and faculty alike valued EFIS supports, participation was negatively associated with perceptions of preparedness. We discuss these discrepancies and offer suggestions for ongoing research.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2020
Critical consciousness as a response to student disengagement: an initial teacher education case study
In this paper, the authors use an engagement framework to understand the experiences of university students midway through their initial teacher education programme. Analysis of interview transcripts revealed that engagement is being influenced negatively by a convergence of political, economic, structural and psychosocial factors. Despite the influence of these converging factors, some students maintained high levels of engagement, while others adopted survival strategies not conducive to deep learning. The authors argue that one way to deal with disengagement is to support learners to develop critical consciousness, a concept that includes learning agency, learning success, learning well-being and learning social justice.
Updated: Sep. 23, 2020
The study presented here sought to determine how student teachers’ personal characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, experience and skills for using collaborative learning influence their willingness to use this demanding pedagogy in their classes. A structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis model based on data from questionnaires emphasized the direct effect of experience on attitudes and skills, but showed no such effect on knowledge. There was no difference in research variables based on gender, age and degree in respondents’ willingness to integrate collaborative learning. One major conclusion of the study is that teacher education programs should include a study of the theoretical and strategic aspects of collaborative learning, as well as active experience with this pedagogy.
Updated: Sep. 23, 2020
“Learning Our Way Through”: Critical Professional Development for Social Justice in Teacher Education
While research indicates that critical professional development (CPD) can function as an alternative to dominant forms of top-down, anti-dialogical professional learning in K-12 settings, there is limited research on CPD in higher education, or among teacher education faculty specifically. In this article, the authors examine how participation in a year-long social justice-oriented faculty learning community (FLC) impacted faculty members’ identities and trajectories as social justice teacher educators and scholars. Our findings indicate that CPD can meet university-based educators’ hunger for community, professional learning, and strategic alliances, as well as increase their sense of efficacy and authenticity as social justice educators.
Updated: Sep. 21, 2020
From Approximations of Practice to Transformative Possibilities: Using Theatre of the Oppressed as Rehearsals for Facilitating Critical Teacher Education
Rehearsals and other approximations of practice are often touted as effective pedagogies for preparing teachers to reproduce/replicate practices deemed universally beneficial. However, scholars have noted that reproducing practices across contexts risks undermining equity and justice. This article reports on a three-year project that examined the potential of Boalian Theater and Freirean culture circles to facilitate learning among justice-oriented teacher educators. Using an ethnographic approach, the article shows how, guided by these critical pedagogies, rehearsals can facilitate transformational learning by re-imagining responses to dilemmas of practice in equity-oriented and contextually sensitive ways.
Updated: Sep. 21, 2020