Section archive - Professional Development
Page 5/36 352 items
Features of Effective Professional Learning: A Case Study of the Implementation of a System-Based Professional Learning Model*
This research broadly focuses on two distinct concerns: the first relates to what constitutes high-quality professional learning; and the second relates to the implementation of professional learning at the classroom level. This paper addresses each of these concerns by identifying the features of effective professional learning: focus, learning components, feedback, collaborative practices, temporal elements and coherence. The analysis of the three-case study schools suggests that the greatest benefit of system-based professional learning is the level of coherence it can provide.
Updated: Jan. 09, 2017
This article explores some of the key issues that emerged in the revision of the professional standards in Scottish education which resulted in a suite of professional standards covering different stages of a teacher’s career. The revision of the professional standards was part of a wider project to build teacher professional learning in ways that had an impact on practice and on pupil learning. The focus then turns to an alternative way of constructing a professional standard in order to foster authentic forms of professional learning. The article concludes by exploring the issues that need to be addressed to facilitate the productive use of professional standards in the career-long professional learning of teachers.
Updated: Dec. 19, 2016
Pinpointing Chinese Early Childhood Teachers' Professional Development Needs Through Self-Evaluation and External Observation of Classroom Quality
The present study compared Chinese kindergarten teachers' values and perceptions of program quality with trained raters' assessments of quality in order to gain insights into effective professional development for improving teacher quality. Results shows teachers' beliefs of quality is the strongest predictor of their self-assessment. Implications of the findings for professional development are provided, along with limitations of the current study and recommendations for future studies.
Updated: Oct. 05, 2016
Conceptualising the Research–Practice–Professional Development Nexus: Mobilising Schools as ‘Research-Engaged’ Professional Learning Communities
This article argues the need for coherent, holistic frameworks offering insightful understandings as well as viable, connected and synergistic solutions to schools in addressing pressing problems arising from the acknowledged gaps between research, practice and professional development. Specifically, three themes conceptualise existing problems faced by schools and their possible solutions: first, bridging the research–policy–practice gap by mobilising knowledge more effectively through knowledge producers and consumers working collaboratively; second, valuing and integrating both tacit knowledge and academic coded knowledge; and third, raising the professionalism and reflectivity of teachers and leaders.
Updated: Sep. 28, 2016
Continuing Professional Development – Why Bother? Perceptions and Motivations of Teachers in Ireland
This article aims to focus on the motivating and inhibiting factors relating to teachers’ engagement with continuing professional development (CPD) and to analyse the data in relation to Herzberg et al.’s (1959) two-factor theory, as a means of drawing implications for the future provision of CPD in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The findings indicate that teachers’ intrinsic motivation to seek out their own CPD continues to apply to actually engaging in CPD. Teachers in this study expressed a preference both to seek out and to pursue CPD areas that they valued for their own personal reasons and in response to their own personal and/or professional needs. The findings demonstrate that intrinsic (personal) factors – namely career advancement, potential growth and achievement – were the chief catalysts in motivating teachers in this study to engage in CPD.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2016
The purpose of this study was (a) to examine the manner in which teachers who were experiencing the implementation of an organisational reform perceived their own professional development process, and (b) to observe the manifestations of these perceptions in the development patterns exhibited among the teachers. The findings identified two dimensions that characterise teachers’ professional- development perceptions and goals: teachers differ from each other in terms of the source of their motivation for professional development (intrinsic or extrinsic), and in the type of development they aim for (lateral or vertical).
Updated: Jul. 12, 2016
Teaching Strategies for Building Student Persistence on Challenging Tasks: Insights Emerging from Two Approaches to Teacher Professional Learning
This article reports on two approaches to teacher professional learning in which the use of challenging tasks was the focus. In the first case, two full days of professional learning were followed by the opportunity to teach up to ten challenging tasks. In the second case, teachers observed three lessons built around challenging tasks taught by members of the project team. This article describes the professional learning approaches, illustrates the kinds of tasks involved, and discusses similarities and differences in the data within and between the two groups of teachers. It also discusses affordances and limitations of the two professional learning approaches.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2016
Teachers As Learners - Are They Self-Directed? Teaching Teachers The Meaning of Self-Directed Learning through Self-Experience
The paper will present a case study that investigates the experience of student teachers who simultaneously experience the role of the learner, who requires self-direction, and the role of the teacher, who expands his tool kit so that his students will become self-directed learners. The case study is based on an experiment conducted with students studying for a master’s degree in teaching the sciences. The analysis shows a gap between the recognition of the importance of self-direction in learning and its expression with regard to them as learners and teachers. From the analysis it emerges that most of the participants did not perceive the process of cultivating self-direction in their students as part of their role. The course directed them to a different kind of encounter with their students, and in the process, they identified difficulty in their own self-direction in the learning process.
Updated: May. 10, 2016
The Effects of a Short-term Professional Development Program on Physical Education Teachers’ Behaviour and Students’ Engagement in Learning
The study examined the effect of a short-term training programme οn in-service physical education teachers’ behaviour and students’ engagement in learning. The participants were 32 teachers, who were randomly divided into an experimental and a control group. The experimental group attended a two-hour lecture followed by a two-hour practicum, and showed significant improvement and learning of all the examined behaviours as well as significantly higher performance than the control group. Also, students of the experimental teacher group presented significantly greater activity time, more practice attempts and more successful ones than their peers in the control group.
Updated: May. 02, 2016
Distinguishing Models of Professional Development: The Case of an Adaptive Model’s Impact on Teachers’ Knowledge, Instruction, and Student Achievement
In this article, the authors examine specific learning outcomes—notably, increases in teachers’ knowledge, changes in their practice, and the impact on student achievement—as a result of teachers’ participation in a situative-based, adaptive professional development (PD) program. The findings suggest that participation in the Problem-Solving Cycle (PSC) model of PD can support at least modest improvements in teachers’ knowledge and classroom instruction within a relatively short time frame. This study of the PSC highlights one way to examine the effectiveness of adaptive PD using longitudinal data and quantitative analyses. Based on those analyses, the PSC does appear to have the potential to substantially affect teachers’ knowledge and instruction and, perhaps, their students’ achievement.
Updated: Apr. 17, 2016