Section archive - Preservice Teachers
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This year-long study by an undergraduate teacher candidate explores the identity and emotional work involved in learning decisions through her teacher preparation program. Using personal reflections, analytic memos, and notes, she was able to discover patterns of learning in the emotional geographies in teacher education. Further, the authors employed both a critical and meta-critical friend to rigorously develop and interrogate themes and interpretations. Findings revealed that decisions to ‘invest’ in any particular learning context did not merely constitute an intellectual commitment. Rather embodied emotional responses to persons, ideologies, and environments challenged her to make sense of her place in emotional geographies. Her decision-making process involved moving toward investing in learning or presenting a more superficial performance. These decisions depended, in part, on her deliberations of whether the emotional geographies provided opportunities that she perceived would ‘build her’ or ‘break her.’ The authors assert that learning actively requires students to make decisions about their position, identity and belonging within educational relationships. Attending to embodied emotional work in classroom learning is often understudied, and yet is relevant to issues of power and equity with teacher education. This self-study offers teacher educators and researchers a glimpse into the benefits of a teacher candidate initiating and conducting a self-study and suggests that this could be a fruitful area to pursue methodologically. This research contributes a deeper understanding of such emotional work and how self-study involving teacher candidates can be used as a source of knowledge in teacher preparation programs.
Updated: Oct. 06, 2021
In this study, the authors present and evaluate a way to profile second career teachers (SCTs) in technical and vocational education and training schools (TVET schools) that goes beyond the traditional motivational approach. More specifically, by considering multiple entry-related variables (entry motivation, career adaptability, and prior job satisfaction). Analyses based on a mixed methods design (262 prospective and in-service second career teachers for the latent profile analysis and 7 in-service teachers for the multiple case study) revealed three profiles with their own specific characteristics and predicting different levels of sense of efficacy for teaching. This study confirms the heterogeneity of the population of second career teachers and invites reflection on the implications for their entry into teaching.
Updated: Sep. 09, 2021
Prior research on teenage interest in teaching careers hinges on the assumption that many adolescents, who expect to become teachers, realise their plans in adulthood. However, little is currently known about whether this is the case for recent youth cohorts. This issue is explored here using the nationally representative data from the Australian PISA 2006 cohort who participated, between 2006 and 2016, in the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth. The findings indicate that two-thirds of teenage students who wanted to become teachers abandoned their plans before turning 23. The implications for policy and future research are also discussed.
Updated: Sep. 02, 2021
This inaugural Saudi Arabian-based (SA) study explored how social media images and cartoons can influence the professional identity of pre-service teachers (PSTs) measured by their reflections on self-selected images of teachers and teaching in Saudi media. PSTs (n = 30) were enrolled in a teacher education program in a faculty of education in a public university in the Eastern province of SA (convenience sampling). Findings from thematically analyzing 30 reflective assignments, nine semi-structured interviews, and a focus group (n = 9) revealed four themes: (a) a pervasive negative stereotype; (b) violence associated with male teachers and students; (c) criticism of the education and administrative system; and (d) suggestions of eroding teacher authority. Findings affirm the imperative that teacher education programs intentionally sensitize PSTs to the benefits of critically deconstructing media images. This will help stave off negative connotations of teachers and make teaching become part of future teachers’ professional identities and the SA collective memory.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2021
This study aims to find out the most important professional skill needs for prospective teachers, and whether they have a common view on their professional skill needs. Participants of the study were 36 prospective teachers at a university in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. The data were collected through 36 Q sentences. The results obtained in this study reveal the needs of prospective teachers to develop their professional skills in assessment and evaluation. Also, it was determined in the study that the prospective teachers need to improve themselves the most for the education of students with special needs. Based on the results of this research, assessment-evaluation, teaching technologies and especially special education should be given priority in teacher education programs. Further studies could concentrate on more specific professional skill needs of prospective teachers in the context of these issues.
Updated: Aug. 01, 2021
Millennial generation preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation to become a teacher, professional learning and professional competence
This mixed methods study examined how millennial generation preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation affects their professional learning in initial teacher education (ITE) and professional competence. The quantitative findings showed interest in teaching and subject taught and self-development and ideal lifestyle as the two aspects of millennial preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation, and confirmed a significant, positive, mediated effect from preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation on their perceived professional competence: Subject matter, pedagogical and educational knowledge, via their professional learning in ITE coursework and interaction with others. The qualitative findings showed four underpinning linkages with illustrations from six preservice teacher cases. Implications for ITE are discussed.
Updated: Jun. 16, 2021
To prepare pre-service teachers to work with diverse student populations, many teacher educators have developed community-engaged projects. This study analyzes data collected from pre-service teachers in the U. S. South as they completed a community-engaged project, where they spent time learning about the community, created a virtual tour, and revised a lesson plan to align with the information gained. The project is offered as a mediational tool contributing to pre-service teachers’ conceptions of community and teaching. Findings suggest that pre-service teachers need explicit instruction about how to analyze communities and opportunities to learn with community members during teacher education.
Updated: Jun. 15, 2021
These aren’t the kids I signed up for: the lived experience of general education, early childhood preservice teachers in classrooms for children with special needs
Effective inclusive teaching practices continue to be an area of uncertainty for preservice and practicing teachers. This qualitative study examined the lived experiences of three, general education, early childhood, preservice teachers (PST) completing a field experience in preschool classrooms for children with significant disabilities. All three PSTs in the study were completing a semester long requisite field experience while concurrently completing an introduction to special education course. Both the field experience and the introduction to special education course were required for their early childhood, general education certification program. While the PSTs initially acknowledged anxiety related to working with children with significant disabilities, the levels of anxiety decreased during the experience. Additionally, PSTs noted the importance of the pedagogical skills they acquired from their special education mentor teachers. Highly skilled, special education mentor teachers were noted being critical to a successful experience.
Updated: Jun. 09, 2021
Preservice Teachers’ Skills to Identify Effective Teaching Interactions: Does It Relate to Their Ability to Implement Them?
Research about in-service teachers has shown that specific skills such as the skill to identify effective teaching interactions in others relates to the teachers’ skill to engage in effective classroom interactions related to student learning. This study aimed to examine the relationship between these skills for 130 preservice teachers in the final year of their program. Findings indicated that preservice teachers’ skill to identify effective teaching interactions in others related to the effectiveness of the emotional support and instructional support exhibited in their observed classroom interactions. In addition, the study investigated the relationship between these skills and the teacher program characteristics. This study provides further evidence that the skill of noticing effective teaching interactions in others is related to implementing one’s own effective classroom interactions. Thus, enhancing preservice teachers’ noticing skills serves as an important target for current and future teacher training.
Updated: Jun. 06, 2021
The aim of this study is to gain insight into the content and sources of the educational ideals of beginning student teachers. The authors interviewed twenty-four beginning student teachers within the disciplines of history and the English language from three teacher education institutes in the Netherlands. The student teachers were selected using the maximum variation sampling strategy and participated voluntarily. The authors’ findings show that beginning student teachers have various educational ideals regarding the personal, interpersonal and societal development of their students. Meaningful experiences related to forming educational ideals took place in the context of school, family, jobs and voluntary activities and societal issues. They conclude by discussing the outcomes of this study for teacher education and future research.
Updated: May. 13, 2021