Section archive - Preservice Teachers
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Results from a metasynthesis of the relationships between 14 different types of preservice teacher preparation practices and teaching quality, preschool to university student performance, and university student and beginning teacher belief appraisals are reported. Each type of preservice practice (e.g., course-based student learning) included different kinds of instructional methods (e.g., problem-based learning, inquiry-based learning, and project-based learning). The metasynthesis included 118 meta-analyses and 12 surveys of more than three million study participants. Findings clearly indicated that active university student and beginning teacher involvement in mastering the use of instructional practices and both knowledge and skill acquisition by far stood out as the most important preservice teacher preparation practices. The pattern of results helped identify high leverage and high impact teacher preparation practices. Implications for future research and improving teacher preparation are described.
Updated: Sep. 12, 2019
The development of interaction skills in preservice teacher education: A mixed-methods study of Dutch pre-service teachers
In a mixed-methods longitudinal study, the authors monitored the development of interaction skills among a group of Dutch pre-service teachers with repeated measures for 3 years and structured interviews. The results of a linear mixed-effects model revealed an impressive growth of interaction skills during the pre-service training. The qualitative interview data revealed progress of pre-service teachers’ professional reflection on their interaction with young children. These outcomes show the effectiveness of pre-service training for the development of interaction skills and professional reflection in early childhood education and care. However, progress is relatively modest for instructional skills and this domain needs further investment in pre-service training.
Updated: Aug. 11, 2019
Preservice teachers in this study (N = 121) received training in evidence-based practices for vocabulary instruction via a series of three training modules. They then completed one of two practice conditions—creating a multimedia product to teach a vocabulary word or completing a non-multimedia learning task during class. The two practice conditions resulted in similar gains on the knowledge measure, but the group that created the multimedia product significantly outperformed the group that completed the non-multimedia task in a demonstration of instruction. Implications for teacher education are discussed by the authors.
Updated: Jul. 29, 2019
Small Stories in Online Classroom Discussion as Resources for Preservice Teachers’ Making Sense of Becoming a Bilingual Educator
This article examines the ways that students recounted personal and professional stories in classroom discussion in relation to their emerging understanding of what it would mean to become a bilingual educator. The authors found that the storied character of teachers’ knowledge building and identity exploration. Through narratives-in-interaction shared in online written discussion, the participants related experiences and described imagined teacher roles as they made sense of bilingual teaching. The findings also demonstrated how narrative-in-interaction functioned as a learning system through which preservice teachers made diverse knowledge sources their own, connecting individual to collective and theoretical to experiential knowledge.
Updated: Dec. 25, 2018
Examining Preservice Teachers' Conceptual and Practical Understandings of Adopting iPads into their Teaching of Young Children
This study aimed to explore how preservice teachers used iPads and their applications in their coursework and field placements, which took place in high-stakes early learning contexts, affect their conceptualizations of incorporating iPads into their teaching. The results revealed that most of these prospective teachers found iPads and their apps to be appealing but struggled to connect their attraction to these devices to student learning. However, some participants worried that by simply figuring out the pattern or steps required to complete the task or game found within the app successfully, students are not learning or developing the skills and/or knowledge the app was designed to teach them.
Updated: Dec. 13, 2018
Teaching Efficacy: Exploring Relationships between Mathematics and Science Self-Efficacy Beliefs, PCK and Domain Knowledge among Preservice Teachers from the United States
This study explored the relationships among preservice teachers’ mathematics and science teaching efficacy beliefs, their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) and their domain knowledge (DK). It was found that participants’ PCK and efficacy beliefs correlate to a high degree and influence each other. Furthermore, the results indicated that participants’ mathematics and science DK did not predict their teaching efficacy beliefs, however, their mathematics and science overall PCK score predicted participants’ efficacy beliefs, more exactly, their outcome expectancies. Furthermore, the findings show that elementary preservice teachers’ previous efficacy beliefs are more likely to predict their future efficacy beliefs than their mastery of DK and PCK.
Updated: Dec. 12, 2018
Knowledge and Beliefs of Early Childhood Education Students at Different Levels of Professional Preparation
This study aimed to explore the characteristics of students at different levels of early childhood professional preparation. The results show differences in knowledge across the differentiated levels of early childhood professional preparation. The authors argue that such results are relevant to teacher preparation programs and provide further support for policies within early childhood programs requiring continued education for early childhood teachers.
Updated: Dec. 09, 2018
This article examines the social construction of identity among preservice teachers and the implications for professional identity. The author concludes that the results of this study have shown that students based their negative representations of the profession on what they perceived to be others’ representations rather than on personal experiences. Furthermore, while training is intended to guide prospective teachers and enable them to build a positive teacher identity, the findings reveal that the training programme was unable to deconstruct negative student representations, which had an impact on the identity constructed.
Updated: Dec. 02, 2018
This article explores pre-service teachers’ expectations of their future teaching career, in particular concerning teacher– student interrelations. The author argues that teacher altruistic and narcissistic classroom expectations may help in predicting teachers’ student control ideology. He argues that humanistic control emphasizes the prominence of the student as an individual and the significance of creating an atmosphere in the classroom, in which students’ needs are satisfied. In contrast, custodial control obligates students to incontrovertibly accept their teachers’ decisions and directions of thought and action. Hence, teachers who espouse custodial control do not try to understand their students’ behavior or take it into account, as do teachers who espouse humanistic control, and view breaches of discipline by the students as absence of motivation or non-compliance to their demands as a personal affront.
Updated: Nov. 22, 2018
This article aims to explore the differences between first-year and fifth-year student teachers on a number of personality and motivational variables that are indicative of their approaches to learning. The findings reveal that first-year and final-year student teachers differ on a number of variables relevant for their academic performance during teacher studies. The authors found that final-year student teachers displayed more conscientiousness, self-efficacy for learning and performance and had higher academic and problem-solving self-concepts than first-year student teachers.
Updated: Nov. 22, 2018