Search results for: Penfield Randall
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Test-Based Grade Retention: Does It Stand Up to Professional Standards for Fair and Appropriate Test Use?
This paper examines the extent to which test-based grade retention policies comply with standards for fair and appropriate test use based on norms established by the professional testing community. The results of the investigation indicate that test-based retention policies potentially violate several of the professional standards.
Updated: Oct. 19, 2010
This descriptive study examined urban elementary school teachers’ perceptions of their science content knowledge, science teaching practices, and support for language development of English language learners. The study also examined teachers’ perceptions of organizational supports and barriers associated with teaching science to nonmainstream students. 221 third- through fifth-grade teachers from 15 urban elementary schools in a large school district participated in this study.
Updated: Jul. 08, 2009