This article examines how teacher educators exercise professional agency in negotiating their teacher and researcher identities. This paper also examines how professional agency is manifested in their local work contexts at individual level, at work-community level and at organisational levels. The study is based on a sociocultural approach, and it seeks to conceptualise the interplay between individual actors and the social context. The main finding was that that teacher educators manifested a strong sense of agency when describing their work as teachers. However, the construction of their researcher identity was subjugated, complex and characterised by a lack of resources. The accounts reflected a lack of agency, with minor resources for identity construction or for working as a researcher.