This article is based on a two-year project. The purpose of this project was to develop a teacher professional development (TPD) model in Indonesia. The findings show that most teachers prefer face-to-face participation as the mode of TPD. Even so, a number of teachers preferred online TPD. This research suggests that a dual-mode TPD combining complementary face-to-face and online sessions should be the best TPD model. Furthermore, the teachers in this study perceived TPD as a government-owned project rather than as the facilitation of their professional development.