Team-based learning (TBL) is a type of small-group collaborative learning that promotes students’ accountability and intellectual growth.
The readiness assurance stage of TBL, though having a great potential of addressing the widespread course preparation problem, has not been given enough attention.
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the readiness assurance stage in online and on-campus TBL and to enhance our understanding of how pre-service teachers’ interpersonal dispositions affected their learning in both environments.
Results of the mixed-method study showed that both online and on-campus modes were effective in improving pre-service teachers’ understanding and applying pedagogies in teaching. Students’ conceptual understanding of pedagogies was positively associated with their learning behavior and negatively affected by the conformity in online TBL.
However, none of the interpersonal dispositions were found to significantly affect pre-service teachers’ application of pedagogies in online TBL. Likewise, those interpersonal dispositions did not significantly affect pre-service teachers’ understanding and applying pedagogies in on-campus TBL.
Based on these results, the authors offer suggestions for educators and researchers who are interested in implementing or examining TBL