Search results for: United Kingdom
Page 1/20 199 items
Mentoring substructures and superstructures: an extension and reconceptualisation of the architecture for teacher mentoring
This paper presents the outcomes of an empirical investigation into the validity of Bryan Cunningham's thesis that the effectiveness of teacher mentoring is enhanced by a supportive institutional framework comprising eight ‘architectural design features’. It draws upon analyses of data from a mixed methods study of mentoring in the English Further Education sector. Data were generated via 40 semi-structured interviews with teachers, mentors and other stakeholders, and a national online survey of teachers of all subjects/vocational areas, completed by 392 respondents across all nine regions of England. The paper presents a reconceptualisation of the architecture for mentoring, which encompasses both a mentoring substructure and superstructure. Cunningham’s institutional architecture (reconceptualised as a mentoring substructure) is extended through the identification of additional design features, while limitations of the concept of an institutional mentoring architecture are exposed and evidence presented to show that a complementary superstructure is a necessary additional means of seeking to achieve optimally effective mentoring. A new research agenda is proposed to explore the extent to which the proposed mentoring substructure and superstructure are applicable in different professional and international contexts, and to identify common features of optimally supportive mentoring superstructures.
Updated: Jan. 09, 2021
This article offers a first look at teacher educators’ (N = 336) perceptions of their technology competencies based on the Teacher Educator Technology Competencies (TETCs; Foulger, Graziano, Schmidt-Crawford, & Slykhuis, 2017). The participants generally rated their competence levels highly in relation to the TETCs. Although many participants reported that the TETCs adequately reflected the competencies required of them, they suggested various additions and changes to the TETCs. This mixed-method study advances understanding of teacher educators’ perceptions of the importance of various competences to their work and offers feedback from the field regarding which competencies might be missing from the TETCs.
Updated: Sep. 23, 2020
Shulman, or Shulman and Shulman? How communities and contexts affect the development of pre-service teachers’ subject knowledge
This paper explores the interconnection between the development of subject knowledge and the influence of communities in which the learning is located. Participants followed an initial teacher education (ITE) course in physical education. Data collection consisted of interviews with pre-service teachers and their school-based mentors. ata analysis utilised the constant comparative method. The study found significant gains in the knowledge bases that were investigated. These could only be understood within the context of the communities in which the learning took place. This influence needs to be explicitly recognised if a more complete understanding of subject knowledge formation on ITE programmes is to be developed.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2020
Developing research-informed practice in initial teacher education through school-university partnering
There is limited research investigating models of partnering between University and Schools in initial teacher education (ITE). This project investigated, over a 10 year period, how student teachers in an English University on a one year course, draw on theoretical models, introduced in university sessions, when planning for a ‘creative week’ placement in schools. Working within an interpretivist paradigm drawing on data from 52 student teachers, 10 teachers and 50 children this case study explored a model of teacher education provision. Findings illuminated factors that inhibited student teachers from planning engaging lessons, which challenged their learners, including poor relationships between stakeholders, misunderstandings of the purpose of the placement and under developed knowledge and understandings of how to successfully draw on theoretical models to enhance learning, together with the challenges of limited time during a one year course. Findings also uncovered the extent to which student teachers were ‘allowed’ by some teachers, but not by others, to take risks in their practice, and the impact this has on student teachers’ sense of autonomy and confidence. Implications of the research demonstrate how findings can impact on ITE course design and partnering models between University and schools.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2020
Troops to Teachers (TtT) is a UK governmental scheme introduced in 2013 to facilitate ex-military service personnel to re-train as teachers. This narrative study explores the accounts of a sample of new TtT trainees at the onset of their training and considers their motivations for career changing, potential transferable attributes and skills, aspirational teacher identities and anticipated challenges. Emerging from these rich narratives is a strong, shared commitment to the trainees’ chosen new career. Self-discipline is identified as a professional quality to take into teaching from military service, whilst maintaining discipline in the classroom is more commonly regarded as an area of concern and challenge, rather than as a transferable skill set, challenging core governmental expectations of the Troops to Teachers initiative. However, the importance of and a desire and commitment to continue to ‘serve’, is widely held, reflecting a particular narrative refraction of the TtT trainees. This provides potential for further, perhaps longitudinal study, as the troops become teachers. The study affirms the potential for further investment in a wider recruitment strategy for career-change teachers more generally, as providing an experienced and motivated professional workforce for schools.
Updated: Jan. 05, 2020
This literature review aims to examine the use of action research in higher education. It examines pedagogical research as a field of study. It also considers student engagement. The authors conclude that action research has produced important changes in practice. However, it needs to continue to evolve and respond to the limitations identified in this review.
Updated: Oct. 07, 2018
This paper introduces the concept of ‘co-impact’ to characterise the complex and dynamic process of social and economic change generated by participatory action research (PAR). The authors developed a conceptual framework, based on a threefold distinction between ‘participatory’, ‘collaborative’ and ‘collective’ impact. They apply this framework to a case study action research project, Debt on Teesside, working with low-income households in North East England. They aimed to show what kinds of individual, organizational and social changes were generated in this particular case, and what conceptual framework might be useful for organising and understanding co-impact.
Updated: Sep. 06, 2018
This article aims to present a systematic review of research studies on school practicum to identify the main critical points and also provide a wider perspective to the researchers in the field. The findings reveal that many of the reviewed studies take pre-service teachers as their main participants. Furthermore, the authors examined the main issues that emerged regarding mentoring. This article also found that many practicum studies are relatively small-scale studies since they are mainly qualitative focused and findings derived from a relatively small sample.
Updated: Jul. 12, 2018
This paper presents an analysis of teacher professional standards from five of the most culturally diverse nations in the English-speaking world. The authors examine how culturally and linguistically diverse learners and culturally responsive pedagogy are positioned, and what the standards stipulate teachers should know, and be able to do, in fulfilling their professional obligations. Based on this analysis, the authors conclude that the teacher professional standards do not acknowledge, let alone make explicit, the complex and specific knowledge and skills needed for culturally responsive teaching.
Updated: Jul. 11, 2018
How an Evolution View of Workplace Mentoring Relationships Helps Avoid Negative Experiences: The Developmental Relationship Mentoring Model in Action
This article explores how the use of a specific mentoring model focusing on the evolution of the relationship between mentor and mentee, may influence the incidence of failure. The authors argue that the findings provide a greater understanding of the dynamics of mentoring relationships. The findings suggest that the causes of toxic mentoring are complex and influenced by factors that include mentor motivation and emotional intelligence.
Updated: Jul. 10, 2018