Search results for: Teacher education
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Lesson study (LS) is a collaborative practice of inquiry in which teachers design a lesson plan and work to improve it and its execution after observing its instruction. Originating in Japan, LS is recognised in international research as a useful mechanism for teachers’ training and professional development. However, research reveals that misconceptions arise when LS is adopted outside of Japan, and different authors have called for further theoretical development to increase comprehension of the process. In response, the authors analyse three LS’ key components (phases, product and teachers’ cooperation) from the perspective of the epistemology of complexity, highlighting the role of emergence, the ecology of action, and joint reflection. They suggest that viewing LS through the lens of complexity can allow teachers to gain a deeper understanding of this practice and to apply it more successfully.
Updated: Oct. 25, 2020
Considerable attention over the past several years has been given to empathy as a desirable teacher disposition. Situating empathy in a slice of the research on dispositions, the author identifies and explores several problems surrounding empathy related to expectations, definitions, measurement, inferential accuracy, and the realization of social justice. An argument is made for listening to learn as an alternative to empathy as a teaching disposition and virtue.
Updated: Aug. 20, 2020
Teacher candidate learning of action-oriented knowledge from triggering incidents in teaching practice
This study investigated student teachers’ (N = 82) learning of action-oriented knowledge (AOK), triggering incidents in teaching practice, and the relationships between these two. The results showed that student teachers identified critical incidents related to didactical relation (57%), pedagogical relation (39%) and content relation (4%) meaningful for their learning. Within the relations, student teachers showed descriptive (43%), inferential (24%) and justified (33%) AOK in their reflections. The incidents related to pedagogical and didactical relation especially triggered descriptive and justified AOK. The results showed that teacher candidates AOK reflection started with evaluative descriptions of their teaching, and moved on to practical justifications. The study confirms that teacher candidates’ videos can extend their focus of teaching and afford more attention to student learning.
Updated: Aug. 19, 2020
Understanding the reasoning of pre-service teachers: a think-aloud study using contextualised teaching scenarios
This qualitative study sought to understand the reasoning of pre-service teachers through think-aloud interviews with teacher education students at the beginning of their postgraduate degree (six elementary and six secondary). Interviews focused on contextualised and challenging teaching scenarios with a range of response options previously confirmed through the use of situational judgement test (SJT) methodology. The authors’ three-step analysis revealed seven concepts that highlighted the motivations and beliefs underlying the reasoning of pre-service teachers. Practical implications include professional development around decision-making during teacher education programs. Future research will explore the use of SJTs in developing key non-academic attributes for effective teaching.
Updated: Aug. 07, 2020
Looking to our Past to Re-Envision our Future: A Co/Authoethnographic Study of Teacher Candidate Supervision across International Contexts
This self-study tells the story of two international teacher education doctoral students and one faculty member as they embarked upon a co/autoethnography as a way to collectively explore experiences with and conceptualization of teacher candidate supervision across international contexts. Data collection included written autobiographical narratives, audio-recordings of reflective conversations, and various artifacts. By sharing their narratives and engaging in reflective conversations about these experiences, they gained insight into their histories in relation to the term supervision. Understanding each other’s pasts and contexts helped them gain a window into how their experiences influenced their beliefs about supervision. Specifically, they saw connections in relation to what influenced them to become teachers, relationships and the context for supervision, and the function of supervision. Their past narratives became a lens to study how they currently view supervision. This realization pushed them to develop a new vision of supervision informed by both their past experiences and their current knowledge and experiences. This study has implications for both teacher educator-doctoral student preparation and teacher educator professional development.
Updated: Aug. 05, 2020
Cooperating Teacher as Model and Coach: What Leads to Student Teachers’ Perceptions of Preparedness?
Drawing on survey and administrative data on cooperating teachers (CTs) and their preservice student teachers (PSTs) in Chicago Public Schools during 2014-2015, this study offers an in-depth look at reports of how CTs engage in their mentoring roles during student teaching, and their influence on PSTs. The sample includes CTs working with PSTs from across 44 teacher preparation institutions. Central to the author’s analysis is an exploration of CTs as both models of effective instruction and as facilitative coaches on PST development. They find that both CT roles matter—PSTs feel better prepared to teach when their CTs model effective instruction and coach by providing more instructional support, frequent and adequate feedback, collaborative activity, job-search support, and a balance of autonomy and encouragement.
Updated: Jul. 22, 2020
Teacher candidates’ intentions to teach: implications for recruiting and retaining teachers in urban schools
This study addresses how teacher candidates committed to a social-justice-oriented urban teacher residency programme articulate and reflect why they want to be teachers in high-need public schools and what they expect from teaching so as to ascertain what they expect to do. The participants of this study included 77 graduates who participated in four cohorts of an urban teacher residency programme from 2010 through 2014. Employing a qualitative case study design, the authors analysed 77 sets of admissions essays, which were completed as part of the residency application process. Building on their analysis of candidates’ admissions essays through inductive coding, the authors find that candidates’ reflections on why they want to be teachers in high-need public schools and what they expect to do, stem from their beliefs in their role as a teacher and their beliefs about the role of education. Such reflections are grounded in beliefs of teacher activism, pupil activism, and advocacy for pupils who have been marginalised due to systemic inequalities. The study illuminates committed teachers’ reasons for entering the teaching profession so as to inform better recruitment strategies, and has implications for how initial teacher education (ITE) programmes could specifically improve their professional preparation and practices to recruit and retain qualified teachers who intend to stay.
Updated: Jun. 14, 2020
This paper focuses on the training of Arab English teachers as per the directives of the Ministry of Education, particularly the Academic Class practicum. Using both Legitimation Code Theory and Appraisal Theory, this study compares the propositional content of the practicum programme provided by a teaching college in central Israel, with the educational orientation of Muslim Arab student teachers. Results reveal a ‘code clash’ between the curricular policy and the student teachers, shedding light on ways to re-scaffold the practicum to work towards a ‘code match’.
Updated: May. 12, 2020
Learning to teach is an emotional endeavour and student teachers challenging emotions are recurrently created in teacher education. The aim of this study was to investigate student teachers’ coping with emotionally challenging situations in teacher education. In the study, 22 student teachers studying their last year of teacher education participated through semi-structured interviews. The data were analysed using constructivist grounded theory methodology. The findings revealed that coping with emotionally challenging situations was connected to student teachers’ main concern of the discrepancies between idealistic conceptions and experiences. This included wanting to have an extensive impact on future pupils as a student teacher and experiencing the ambition as potentially exhausting. In coping with this discrepancy, three strategies were used: change advocacy, collective sharing and responsibility reduction. The coping strategies are discussed in the light of existing literature and potential implications are addressed.
Updated: May. 09, 2020
Capturing the relations between teacher educators’ opportunities for professional growth, work pressure, work related basic needs satisfaction, and teacher educators’ researcherly disposition
Grounded in the Self-Determination Theory, this study examines the relations between teacher educators’ experienced work pressure and opportunities for professional growth, their work related basic needs satisfaction (i.e. autonomy, competence and relatedness) and their researcherly disposition (i.e. being a smart consumer of research, being able to conduct research, conducting research and valuing research). A large-scale survey study was conducted, involving 944 teacher educators working within teaching-intensive teacher education institutions. The results of structural equation modelling (SEM)-analyses show that teacher educators’ opportunities for growth as well as the experienced work pressure are significantly related to the satisfaction of teacher educators’ basic psychological needs at work. In turn, positive relations were identified between the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs and teacher educators’ researcherly disposition.
Updated: Apr. 26, 2020