Search results for: Video
Page 1/3 28 items
Through the eyes of inclusion: an evaluation of video analysis as a reflective tool for student teachers within special education
The role of special education teachers is currently facing an extensive renewal process closely related to the professional transition from a narrow understanding of special education, rooted in the deficit paradigm, to a broader vision of inclusion as a whole-school and community action. Within such a process, student teachers’ professional development in special education plays a crucial role. Studies on this topic underline how student teachers’ beliefs and attitudes regarding inclusive education deeply affect their future teaching activity. Research shows that, while student teachers usually agree with the principles of inclusive teaching, they are much less sure of how to implement those principles in their teaching practice. By assessing the breadth of the gulf between ideals and practice, the author’s investigation emphasises how the video analysis of simulated lessons carried out by student teachers can contribute to a positive change in student teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion in school. Such a change would help student teachers develop a reflective stance that would strengthen their ability to transform inclusive principles into everyday educational practices.
Updated: Oct. 30, 2020
Reflecting on Others Before Reflecting on Self: Using Video Evidence to Guide Teacher Candidates’ Reflective Practices
A convergent parallel mixed methods study investigated the potential of one teacher preparation approach for promoting candidate reflection. Thirteen candidates participated in clinical field experiences and four corresponding seminar classes with guided video analysis activities. Candidates were systematically guided through focusing on others before focusing on self and explicitly learned about a reflection continuum using an instructional framework to build prerequisite skills and ultimately improve reflective abilities. Results of paired-sample t tests indicated candidates demonstrated significantly higher reflective ability scores over time as measured by a reflection checklist. Qualitative analysis of structured interviews revealed candidates felt activities were (a) a systematic approach to authentic growth, (b) a challenging approach to necessary self-confrontation, and (c) allowed for connections between self and other. Methodological triangulation was used to validate the findings. Implications for teacher preparation research and practice are discussed.
Updated: Oct. 26, 2020
Guided reflection procedure as a method to facilitate student teachers’ perception of their teaching to support the construction of practical knowledge
This study investigates meaningful events that student teachers identified from video recordings of their teaching practice that were used to improve their knowledge base. Data were collected from 21 student teachers at an Estonian university using a guided reflection procedure. Deductive qualitative content analysis was performed on meaningful events and student teacher reflections. Pearson’s chi-square test was used to compare the differences in types of practical knowledge that student teachers communicated when reflecting on meaningful events. Results indicate that video recordings facilitated the selection of meaningful events related to various aspects of teaching. Moreover, reflecting on empowering events advanced theoretical reasoning, while reflecting on challenging events advanced artefacts: i.e. knowledge that could guide student teacher actions in various teaching situations. Therefore, this study offers valuable insight into the kinds of knowledge student teachers construct in their teaching practice.
Updated: Oct. 23, 2020
Teacher Face-Work in Discussions of Video-Recorded Classroom Practice: Constraining or Catalyzing Opportunities to Learn?
Classroom videos can make instructional practice public, cultivating collaborative, critical teacher discussions. However, video-based learning also involves a risk—the risk of hurting one’s own or a colleague’s public image, or face. In this study, the authors investigate the role of face threat and face management in teacher professional learning in 16 cases of video-based discussions in six school-based teacher teams. They present findings about the prevalence of face-work, which inhibits or mitigates face threat, as well as an account of various face-work strategies. They illuminate the role face-work plays in shaping opportunities for teacher learning, by analyzing in detail one video-based discussion. This linguistic ethnographic analysis suggests that face threat and face-work in video-based learning are inevitable and have the potential to both catalyze and constrain productive pedagogical discourse. The study demonstrates the critical role of face-work in video-based teacher learning, and the feasibility of investigating it.
Updated: Jun. 18, 2020
Developing pre-service teachers’ professional vision with video interventions: a divergent replication
Much research on teachers’ professional vision examines development through video interventions. Evidence suggests they change focus towards specifics, subject matter and students and away from the evaluation. This study was designed to examine whether there was a discernible difference between viewing pre-service teachers’ own videos or general videos and if there were differences between disciplines. However, in marked contrast to existing literature, the video intervention led to no important discernible differences between video conditions and few differences between discipline conditions. We discuss possible reasons for this and demonstrate a positive role of divergent replications such as this in understanding the role of video interventions in the development of professional vision.
Updated: Jun. 14, 2020
Despite the potential of video for professional learning, the field lacks an integrated framework to inform teacher educators’ pedagogical decision making, particularly in the context of preservice teacher education. This article aims to make a conceptual argument about productive ways of using video in preservice education contexts. Drawing on situative and sociocultural perspectives, the authors theorize how and under what conditions video can be used productively. They discuss existing frameworks and tools that guide the design of video-embedded learning environments. They then present an integrated framework, the principled use of video (PUV) to specify principles, processes, and key considerations for creating a system of video-embedded activities. The merits and potential pitfalls of the PUV framework are discussed using an illustrative case. The authors argue that productive use of video that facilitates the desired learning of preservice teachers involves attention to both the learning ecology and underlying theories of preservice teacher learning.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2020
In this article the authors examine whether there is a relation between the duration of videos and the number of ‘Likes’ they receive. The authors also explore the effect of other observed characteristics of the videos, such as gender of the teacher, type of institution, whether the teacher appears on the screen or not and the type of technology. The authors found that users prefer short online teaching videos. They also found that some features of the videos have a significant impact on the number of ‘likes’. It was found that videos recorded by female teachers, and presented by entities other than universities are more likely to receive ‘Likes’.
Updated: Dec. 05, 2018
Collected from the Cutting Room Floor: An Examination of Teacher Education Approaches to Digital Video Editing as a Tool for Shifting Classroom Practices
The purpose of this article was to examine four approaches to teachers’ strategies through digital video emphasized teachers’ own planning and teaching as they edited their video accounts of personal growth. Common themes that emerged from data across all four projects were predicated upon facets of professional development as purposeful disruption of traditional teaching, the promotion of rigorous participation in analysis of effective teaching strategies, and the building of learning communities through apprenticeship models of personal growth.
Updated: Jan. 27, 2013
Teachers’ Analyses of Classroom Video Predict Student Learning of Mathematics: Further Explorations of a Novel Measure of Teacher Knowledge
This study examines the relationship between teacher knowledge and student learning in the area of mathematics. The authors used an innovative approach to assessing teacher knowledge. This approach is based on teachers’ analyses of classroom video clips. Teachers watched 13 video clips of classroom instruction and then provided written comments on the interactions of the teacher, students, and content. The quality of teachers’ analyses, coded using an objective rubric, are shown to be reliable and valid, relating both to another widely used measure of teacher knowledge and to teachers’ own students’ learning (from pre- to posttest).
Updated: Apr. 27, 2010
Talking About Our Troubles: Using Video-Based Dialogue To Build Preservice Teachers' Professional Knowledge
This study explores the preservice teacher learning in the context of conversations about their field-based challenges. First, a review of the literature investigates studies that highlight the role of evidence-based conversation as a mechanism to approach the inevitable problems faced by teachers in the classroom. The subsequent case study provides an analysis of how a group of preservice teachers approached a colleague's challenge through a structured conversation and used digital videotapes and artifacts to add specificity to their analysis.
Updated: Jul. 21, 2009