Search results for: Mathematics education
Page 5/10 98 items
This article focuses on how preservice primary teachers can be supported to embrace digital learning technologies (DLTs) in their teaching of mathematics. The findings reveal that preservice teachers demonstrated a high degree of initiative. In addition, the students began to recognize the potential of such creative DLTs as a bridge between the use of familiar hands-on materials as representations and abstract representations of mathematical models. Furthermore, the students gained confidence after successfully presenting their DLTs to their peers, and their self-efficacy in using technology to teach mathematics increased due to these enactive mastery experiences.
Updated: Jan. 13, 2015
Delving into the Meaning of Productive Reflection: A Study of Future Teachers’ Reflections on Representations of Teaching
The purpose of this study was to determine how productive future teachers were able to engage in reflections without instructor scaffolding when presented with animations of algebra instruction. The participants posted their reflections on an asynchronous, online discussion with no instructor scaffolding. The authors conclude that this study provides evidence that there are at least three dimensions to reflection: content, connectedness, and complexity. This study provides evidence that connectedness and complexity are not necessarily linked; one could be low while the other is high.
Updated: Jan. 07, 2015
Research on Early Childhood Teacher Education: Evidence From Three Domains and Recommendations for Moving Forward
The purpose of this article was to illustrate the characteristics, key features, and significant gaps in current Early Childhood Teacher Education (ECTE) research by way of examples from several important domains, and to identify the kinds of research that are most needed to address the question posed in this special issue. The authors provided illustrations in three domains of ECTE: addressing the needs of young children with disabilities; understanding and working effectively with infants and toddlers; and building young children’s competence and interest in mathematics. They then identified five crosscutting research priorities, using examples from these three domains. They conclude by describing what is needed to create a supportive environment that produces—and implements—early childhood teacher education research.
Updated: Jul. 09, 2014
In this article, the author argues that there is a lack of research into the role of the facilitator of discussions of video for professional development. A key purpose of this article is to expose aspects of the role of the facilitator of teacher learning, not reported in previous research in the use of video. Hence, the author documents research he undertook into the use of video as a tool for teacher learning. In analysing empirical data from one school, he suggests five key aspects or decision points in working with teachers on video: selecting a video clip, setting up the discussion norms, re-watching the video, moving to interpretation, and metacommenting. The author argues that having presented key aspects of the role of the facilitator of video use, a further look at the detail of the data from discussions serves to highlight some of the complexities involved in just one of the categories.
Updated: Jul. 08, 2014
Who Teaches Mathematics Content Courses for Prospective Elementary Teachers in the United States? Results of a National Survey
The goal of this research was to answer the question, ‘‘Who teaches mathematics content courses for prospective elementary teachers at colleges and universities in the United States, and what are these instructors’ academic and teaching backgrounds?’’ The authors decided to conduct a survey of all higher institutions in the United States. They surveyed 1,926 institutions, and a faculty member from each of 825 institutions participated in the survey. The survey results point out that most institutions are not meeting the recommendation of requiring prospective elementary teachers to complete nine credits hours of mathematics content courses designed specifically to support them in thinking carefully about elementary mathematical ideas.
Updated: Apr. 13, 2014
The Durability of Professional and Sociomathematical Norms Intentionally Fostered in an Early Pedagogy Course
This study investigated the extent to which the sociomathematical and professional norms intentionally fostered through the use of the video-case curriculum materials in an early mathematics pedagogy course re-emerged in a similar context, but with different cohorts: (a) at the end of the university teacher preparation program and (b) during a professional development session for graduates of the program. This study revealed that the three sociomathematical norms that were introduced in the early pedagogy course—naming and comparing, mathematical argument, and pushing understanding. Four professional norms were also exhibited by both groups, but with more variation. These norms were listening, critical yet respectful norm, tentative stance and evidence.
Updated: Mar. 31, 2014
Supporting Children’s Mathematical Understanding: Professional Development Focused on Out-of-school Practices
This study describes the Reflection Connection Cycle professional development program. The author chose to develop a program that would help teachers find ways to draw on the knowledge students gained from their out-of-school experiences for the explicit goal of using those understandings to support classroom mathematics learning. The participants were 14 female elementary school teachers. The findings revealed that while initial lessons focused solely on the context of practices, subsequent lessons show a greater concern for the mathematics in which children were engaged within a practice. The author argues that specific support in making connections to informal understanding in lesson design may need to be addressed directly.
Updated: Mar. 19, 2014
The present article describes an innovative capstone mathematics course that links college mathematics with school mathematics and pedagogy. In this article, the authors provide a brief description of Math 385 along with one group’s experience, and share preliminary analyses of the impact of the course. The participants in this study were 112 undergraduate students who were enrolled in the methods course during 2006 through 2009. The aspects of Math 385 indicated that students gained an appreciation of cooperative learning, seeing other students’ approaches to problems, and student-centered instruction.
Updated: Mar. 12, 2014
The present article set out to examine the issue of whether opportunity to learn (OTL) was related to mathematics and mathematics pedagogy knowledge for future middle school mathematics teachers and for future elementary teachers who will likely teach mathematics. The authors used data from 81 randomly sampled U.S. public and private institutions as well as international data from top-achieving countries. The results showed major differences in course taking between the A+ countries and the United States, especially for lower secondary preparation programs.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2014
The authors propose a theoretical connection between research on learning and research on teaching through recent research on students’ learning trajectories (LTs). The authors consider how LTs provide specificity to four highly used frameworks for examining mathematics teaching, namely mathematical knowledge for teaching, task analysis, discourse facilitation practices, and formative assessment.
Updated: Aug. 19, 2013