Search results for: Assessment
Page 1/10 96 items
Assessing digital nativeness in pre-service teachers: Analysis of the Digital Natives Assessment Scale and implications for practice
Digital native, the term ubiquitously used to describe contemporary learners, is fraught with debate over its meaning and measurement. The Digital Natives Assessment Scale (DNAS) was developed and validated to measure digital nativeness. This study extends the DNAS validation discussion with data from 178 participants in three teacher preparation programs in the United States. Confirmatory factor analysis results indicate the data fully fit neither Teo’s validated 21-item, 4-factor model, nor a theorized 30-item, 4-factor model. Further analyses showed the DNAS may not address the factors of digital nativeness. Discussion contributes dialog to the ongoing and growing critique of the construct. Future research within educational technology and beyond should focus on alternative conceptualizations of contemporary learners and educators.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2022
Designing and validating an assessment inventory for online language teacher education accountability
Education accountability and its building components has been the focal point and yet a convoluted issue. The current study aims to give a comprehensive account of indicators of education accountability in e-learning. To this end, this two-phase study was conducted on Iranian English as Foreign Language context. The first phase was qualitative in nature and aimed at identifying the indicators through conversation analysis of stored interviews with 9 distinguished English as foreign language teachers who hold online EFL teacher training courses in three different language centers in Tehran, Iran. Open coding and thematic analysis via Nvivo software on the interviews made the building blocks of the second phase of this study which was designing and validating a questionnaire for assessing educational accountability in e-learning. The researcher-made questionnaire was subject to reliability and validity issues. Therefore, the researcher-made questionnaire was piloted with 122 EFL teachers. The results of factor analysis indicated that factors loaded on accountability to teaching profession, to society, to student teacher, to teacher educators, to leadership, and to learning outcomes. The results also indicated that the present questionnaire enjoys sound and acceptable psychometric properties. The results have significant implications for teaching practitioners.
Updated: Jul. 11, 2022
Through investigating the experience of e-portfolio use by pre-service teachers (PSTs), this article provides significant evidence about the high-quality implementation of e-portfolios in higher education. The reasons behind the participants’ success in an e-portfolio-based unit is explored. In particular, the research explores the reasons why several participants were more successful than others when using e-portfolios. This is the first research that has examined PSTs perspectives on e-portfolio-based learning within constructivism, students’ approach to learning (SAL), the 3 P model (presage, process, and product) of learning, and self-regulated learning (SRL). This article aims to examine the efficacy of e-portfolios as an evidence-based strategy for the demonstration of pre-service teachers (PSTs) teaching philosophy. PSTs (N = 73) used e-portfolios to demonstrate their understanding of the Australian Institute of Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL) standards in their teacher education program. The participants in this research presented samples of evidence about teaching philosophy, internship, and professional development experiences to cover professional knowledge, professional practice, and professional engagement in their e-portfolios. The reported research in this article is part of a larger research project and in accordance with the applied theoretical framework, gives a central focus on how PSTs perceive, conceive, and interpret the e-portfolios at universities.
Updated: May. 11, 2022
8Novice preschool teachers’ professional skills as assessed by preschool principals and the novice teachers themselves
Novice teachers’ need for support and induction is widely recognized, and so is the role of principals in that process. Accountability-driven reforms in education have compelled principals to increasingly focus on managerial responsibilities, whereas teachers are subjected to external assessment of their professional qualities and their students’ learning outcomes. This role division can undermine the principals’ readiness for instructional leadership and can affect their perceptions of novice teachers’ needs, knowledge, skills, and attitudes, which in turn potentially inhibits adequate support given to novice teachers. Therefore, it is important to know how principals and novice teachers assess novice teachers’ professional qualities. In this study, the authors investigated the Estonian preschool principals’ and novice preschool teachers’ assessments of the professional skills of novice teachers. Fifty-seven principals and 61 first-year teachers responded to a written questionnaire. They first found that, in almost all aspects, the novice teachers assessed their professional skills higher than did the preschool principals. Second, they found that when combining the assessments of both groups of respondents, the lowest ratings were given on novice teachers’ skills in working with children with different linguistic and cultural backgrounds and with children with special needs. They discuss relevant implications for early childhood teacher education.
Updated: Apr. 11, 2022
This study aims to find out the most important professional skill needs for prospective teachers, and whether they have a common view on their professional skill needs. Participants of the study were 36 prospective teachers at a university in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. The data were collected through 36 Q sentences. The results obtained in this study reveal the needs of prospective teachers to develop their professional skills in assessment and evaluation. Also, it was determined in the study that the prospective teachers need to improve themselves the most for the education of students with special needs. Based on the results of this research, assessment-evaluation, teaching technologies and especially special education should be given priority in teacher education programs. Further studies could concentrate on more specific professional skill needs of prospective teachers in the context of these issues.
Updated: Aug. 01, 2021
Results of Practice-Based Professional Development for Supporting Special Educators in Learning How to Design Functional Assessment–Based Interventions
Content-focused practice-based professional development (PBPD) with active learning is one avenue to support teachers in learning new strategies, practices, and programs. This type of professional development moves away from traditional lectures. In this descriptive study, the authors used a pre–post group design to examine the extent to which a PBPD was effective in teaching participants how to design, implement, and evaluate functional assessment–based interventions. Results indicate participants increased perceived knowledge, confidence, and usefulness and made gains in actual knowledge. The authors conclude with implications, limitations, and suggestions for research and practice.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
This paper considers aspects of a course redesign that focuses on motivating Pre-service Teachers to engage in negotiating relevant literacy teaching pedagogies in their discipline. The purpose of this article is to describe how the authors approached the teaching of literacy with Pre-service Teachers, in ways that valued the Pre-service Teachers’ relationships with secondary students using notes of gratitude. These notes provided the Pre-service Teachers with an opportunity to communicate in plain language to the students what they learnt from them about literacy pedagogy. The shift from the focus on the subject matter of literacy to the enactment of literacy teaching and learning through valued pre-service teacher and student relationships shifted the tenor of the course. Their conclusion emphasises how this innovation in assessment enabled us to emphasise the importance of relationality in teaching and to uphold ideals of social inclusion of school students and the professional growth of Pre-service Teachers.
Updated: Mar. 17, 2021
The use of digital badges has become increasingly common in educational settings as an alternative assessment tool, and they are linked with student motivation and integration of gamification elements into learning environments. This study explores the perceptions of pre-service English teachers at a university of the inclusion of digital badges in an LMS used in their face-to-face courses. Seventy-nine prospective English teachers participated in the 14-week study employing a mixed method design in which data were collected through a questionnaire and open-ended questions. Quantitative data analysis suggests that the participants had positive perceptions of the use of digital badges as an integral part of their courses. Content analysis of the qualitative data generated themes demonstrating teacher candidates’ perceptions of digital badges. Overall, the study provides some implications for using digital badges as well as caveats to be taken into account in planning their use.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2021
This article reports on the results of an exploratory study, based on an ‘intervention’, to determine pre-service teacher student responses to new feedback processes in an initial teacher education course. The results indicated that responses to feedback varied considerably, ranging from those students who preferred more regular feedback mechanisms (such as criteria sheets and annotations on student scripts), to those who preferred a different approach that de-emphasised the role of assessor feedback, and encouraged critical self-reflection and ownership of the learning process in order to promote the development of tacit assessment knowledge. The conclusions are that there is no one feedback mechanism that works best for all students, and that feedback processes are most effective when customised to individual students.
Updated: Dec. 10, 2020
Although there has been increased interest in what constitutes effective professional development (PD) for in-service teachers in recent decades, the literature indicates that the issue continues to promote ongoing debate. Based upon the findings of previous research, this qualitative study set out to determine the extent to which, how, and why a PD course was considered effective in its contribution to the development and practice of the 28 in-service EFL teachers in Israel who participated in the course. Data from written reflective accounts, interviews, and field notes were collected and analysed. The findings identify various ways in which the course was considered effective, and reasons for such effectiveness, that, in turn, indicate the need for PD courses to be tailored to the current needs of practitioners as perceived by the course participants themselves.
Updated: Nov. 27, 2020