Search results for: Accountability
Page 1/8 76 items
Teacher Education in a New Age of Accountability: How Can Programs Develop Responsible and Valuable Self-Assessment
This paper intends to demonstrate how within the current contentious environment for teacher education in the U.S., two small teacher preparation programs conducted a voluntary coordinated long-term self-evaluation study, that partially responded to external accountability pressures by the Federal administration, state agencies and various private and non-governmental organizations. In particular, the author focuses on findings about graduates’ preparation experiences and sense of preparedness for teaching, as well as how they perceived their faculty strengths and weaknesses and programs’ effectiveness. Such an in-depth examination of graduates’ perspectives can serve not only for internal self-study purposes, but also as an example to other preparation programs looking to meet external accountability pressures, while preserving a voice in the process and developing meaningful tools for self-assessment and improvement.
Updated: Aug. 10, 2021
An Examination of Pre-Service Teachers’ Interpersonal Dispositions in the Readiness Assurance Stage of Team-Based Learning
Team-based learning (TBL) is a type of small-group collaborative learning that promotes students’ accountability and intellectual growth. The readiness assurance stage of TBL, though having a great potential of addressing the widespread course preparation problem, has not been given enough attention. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the readiness assurance stage in online and on-campus TBL and to enhance our understanding of how pre-service teachers’ interpersonal dispositions affected their learning in both environments. Results of the mixed-method study showed that both online and on-campus modes were effective in improving pre-service teachers’ understanding and applying pedagogies in teaching. Students’ conceptual understanding of pedagogies was positively associated with their learning behavior and negatively affected by the conformity in online TBL. However, none of the interpersonal dispositions were found to significantly affect pre-service teachers’ application of pedagogies in online TBL. Likewise, those interpersonal dispositions did not significantly affect pre-service teachers’ understanding and applying pedagogies in on-campus TBL. Based on these results, the authors offer suggestions for educators and researchers who are interested in implementing or examining TBL
Updated: Apr. 18, 2021
edTPA (Educative Teacher Performance Assessment) is designed to strengthen teacher professionalization and provide a framework for program redesign. However, using a national assessment to shift the content of local programs is challenging because of their inherent organizational complexity. In this article, the authors focus on this complexity, using a systems lens to analyze edTPA implementation at a large, public university. Employing a mixed-methods case study design, they survey 250 teacher educators and candidates to understand how they interpret the demands of edTPA and how their varied perspectives impact each other. They interview a stratified, purposive subset of participants to explore mechanisms underlying quantitative findings. They find substantial internal variation in edTPA implementation that translates into differential support for candidates. This variation could not be explained by duration of implementation of edTPA. Varied perspectives may stem from distinct perceptions of teacher educators’ professional roles and the role they see edTPA playing in teacher professionalization.
Updated: Jul. 21, 2020
This study explores the characteristics of the teacher evaluation model in Finland. Highlighting the unique qualities of the Finnish case, the authors also compare these teacher evaluation practices with the increasingly applied value-added model (VAM) for teacher evaluation across the globe. Their analysis revealed that the Finnish Model prioritises teacher empowerment and professional development by carrying out bottom-up evaluation practices. With a clear focus on teacher empowerment and professional development, this framework substantially differs from accountability measures such as VAM, which emphasize rigid data collection procedures and the use of standardized test scores to hold teachers accountable based on their students’ academic performance. This study also revealed that professional development endeavours of teachers are highlighted as the key elements in Finnish teacher evaluation.
Updated: Nov. 17, 2019
Investigating the Impact of edTPA Professional Development on Classroom Practice and Student Teaching Experience
In this study, the authors examined the impact of an edTPA professional development workshop designed specifically for cooperating teachers (CT) on cooperating teacher practice and teacher candidate edTPA assessment scores. They found that teacher candidates placed with CTs who have received edTPA professional development can benefit from increased CT knowledge about the edTPA assessment.
Updated: May. 30, 2019
This article aims to examine the field of teacher preparation in the current era of accountability and testing. The authors claim that policymakers try finding ways to improve teacher preparation, hence they use assessment tests. This article shows an evidence that teacher preparation is in the forefront in its use of outcome measures to gauge the effectiveness of its work. The authors suggest that nuanced use of these assessment measures, in ways that don’t over assume their validity, should be the approach taken as this innovation evolves.
Updated: May. 30, 2018
The OECD as Pivot of the Emerging Global Educational Accountability Regime: How Accountable are the Accountants?
This article describes OECD ideological and policy changes that form the background for PISA. Furthermore, the author focuses on the OECD’s governance mechanisms and the obstacles it presents to public scrutiny. The author argues that the pursuit of market mechanisms posed both educational and political problems on the OECD's accountability regime. He argues that in order to redress the asymmetries between strong influence and weak democratic control will require profound advances in the organization of the global public sphere. He proposes to broaden the global educational discourse, in which the accountability narrative is complemented by narratives of local institutional learning, educational tradition, democratic participation, and cultural diversity.
Updated: Oct. 18, 2017
The authors conducted a content analysis to examine trends in articles published between 1996 and 2014 in two journals—Teacher Education and Special Education (TESE) and the Journal of Teacher Education (JTE). They analyzed the data using visual inspection, magnitude of trend, and percent of change. Most notably, they confirmed reductions in nonempirical articles, survey research, qualitative inquiries, and program descriptions. By contrast, they observed increases in articles that included P-12 student outcomes and in quantitative research, as well as in topics of in-service, global, and clinical experiences.
Updated: Jan. 29, 2017
The current research examines the relative effectiveness of universities and new program types using the diverse market in Texas. The authors examine program effectiveness through a framework integrating certificate pathways, organizational goals, and market incentives. The authors found that independent nonprofits have positive effects on student performance that are not explained by teacher sorting or program selectivity, and these effects only occur in math. Furthermore, independent nonprofits perform well with most high-risk populations but have no advantage with Black students, no presence on rural schools, and negative effects, and designated special education (SPED) students. The authors argue that these findings suggest that policy makers should proceed with caution when advocating for expanding or limiting any particular program type.
Updated: Dec. 20, 2016
The Practical Difficulties for Early Educators Who Tried to Address Children’s Realities in Their High-Stakes Teaching Context
This article examines the implementation of a professional development course for prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers that asked them to reconceptualize their understandings of their role in the classroom. Examining how their practical conceptions were affected by their participation in this course revealed an eagerness to pursue lines of study with children that addressed issues central to children’s lives.
Updated: Nov. 08, 2016