Search results for: Education practice
Page 2/11 106 items
In this study, the authors inspected teachers’ online discussions of animations of classroom episodes realized with cartoon characters, looking at the difference in the content of conversation turns when members made evaluative comments and when they did not make evaluative comments. They were interested in finding out whether making evaluative comments correlated with participants’ reflection on their professional practice and proposal of alternative teaching actions. They found statistically significant evidence that the more the participants actively evaluated the teaching in the animations, the more they proposed alternative teaching actions and reflected on instructional practice.
Updated: Dec. 28, 2015
In this article, the authors analyses the history of teacher education in Australia from 1974 to the current policy moment. Teacher education is, and has been, a highly scrutinised domain in Australia. Since the 1970s, teacher educators have seen more than 100 reviews of teacher education in Australia, with another one recently announced in 2014. The author discusses three phases in the growth and development of teacher education in the past 40 years by considering the ways in which teacher education (and teaching) has been thought about at various points in time and analysing the related policies for funding governance and regulation.
Updated: Dec. 23, 2015
Pedagogical Approaches to Exploring Theory–Practice Relationships in an Outdoor Education Teacher Education Programme
In this article, the authors have discussed pedagogical approaches to exploring theory and practice with pre-service teachers within an an Australian outdoor education teacher education (OETE) course. The authors have highlighted the importance of four key pedagogical elements in terms of helping pre-service teachers understand and negotiate theory–practice relationships: the promotion of self-awareness; guided reflection; experience; and the fostering of a strong, safe community of learners. These elements are relevant to other areas of teacher education besides OETE pedagogy, although they may be embodied differently in different areas. The authors suggest that these elements are made possible through flexibility within courses, face-to-face contact, and opportunities for observing, participating in, and reflecting on/in relevant practice.
Updated: Nov. 04, 2015
This paper seeks to analyse some key features of contemporary teacher professional learning policies in terms of the underpinning purposes of education, in an attempt to make more explicit the purposes and potential implications of particular policy choices. The analysis draws on literature related to the fundamental purposes of school education, highlighting three broad, but distinct categories of “purpose”: the socialisation function; the development of human capital; and “subjectification” which focuses on individual creativity.
Updated: Oct. 13, 2015
This article examines factors affecting the inclusion of health and well-being. It also explores educational implications in light of the changing landscape of pre-service teacher education in England. The participants were pre-service teacher training institutions in England, who completed a survey regarding to the provision of health and well-being education.
Updated: Sep. 02, 2015
Exploring a Community of Practice Model for Professional Development to Address Challenges to Classroom Practices in Early Childhood
This study examined whether and how an on-site and research–teacher community of practice model for professional development addressed challenges to classroom practices in a Head Start program. The findings revealed several challenges to classroom practice that aligned with previous research: existing practices did not always cohere with research-based practice, lack of planning between the lead and assistant teachers, and high teacher turnover. The authors suggest recommendations for establishing an on-site teacher-researcher community of practice model for professional development.
Updated: Aug. 12, 2015
Sustaining Evidence-Based Practices by Graduated Special Educators of Students With ASD: Creating a Community of Practice
In this article, the authors used multiple measures to evaluate whether special education graduates (a) remain in the field working with students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and (b) sustain effective practices. The findings reveal that all 12 graduates remain in the field. All continued to collect data for progress monitoring purposes and continue to use the EBPs identified by the National Professional Development Center (NPDC) on ASD with fidelity.
Updated: Jul. 30, 2015
This paper offers a critical review of the literature on 21st century knowledge frameworks, with a particular focus on what this means for teachers and teacher educators. The article identifies common themes and knowledge domains in 15 reports, books, and articles that describe the kinds of knowledge that researchers state are integral and important for success in the 21st century. The authors argue that seemingly disparate frameworks converge on three types of knowledge, as necessary for the 21st century: foundational, meta, and humanistic. They argue that the synthesis of these different frameworks suggests that nothing has changed, that this tripartite division between what we know, how we act on that knowledge, and what we value has always been important. This analysis suggests that, though the 21st century is different from previous times, it does not mean that our core roles have changed.
Updated: Jul. 22, 2015
In this article, the author uses a general philosophy of science perspective in looking at the problem of justifying action research. First he tries to clarify the concept of justification, by contrasting it with the concept of validity, which seems to be used almost as a synonym in some parts of the literature. He discusses the need for taking a stand in relation to the questions of validity and justification also in action research.
Updated: Jun. 08, 2015
Teacher Change in an Era of Neo-Liberal Policies: A Neo-Institutional Analysis of Teachers’ Perceptions of their Professional Change
This article explores how neo-institutional theory may be applied as an analytical framework to investigate the relationships between teachers’ perceptions on their professional change on the one hand, and the numerous change efforts embedded in recent neo-liberal educational policies in Norway on the other. It is argued that the dynamics of change can be investigated in light of teachers’ institutionalised practices within a certain set of governing mechanisms including regulative rules, norms and cultural-cognitive beliefs. The findings suggest that vital, regulative elements in recent neo-liberal policies have managed to penetrate the teachers’ perceptions of their classroom practices, in a process that is framed by teachers’ pre-existing normative values and the cultural scripts guiding their practices.
Updated: May. 10, 2015