Search results for: Beginning teachers
Page 1/33 323 items
As global migration increases, teachers increasingly need to cope with the difficulties of immigrant students. Using the narratives of beginning teachers, the authors focus on two main questions: What process do beginning teachers undergo in coping with injustices committed against their students? And how do they act in cases of social injustice that arise in their work? The narrative inquiry on which this article is based helps to gain a better understanding of beginning teachers’ social justice experiences and perceptions. Findings point to a process of critical reflection on exclusion and inclusion which prompts action for social justice on two levels: individual and school system. The article sheds light on the contribution of beginning teachers’ narratives to understanding the notion of social justice, and its significant implications for teacher education.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2020
Competence and challenge in professional development: teacher perceptions at different stages of career
The present study investigates teachers’ perceived challenge and competence at different stages when dealing with professional requirements. A total of 655 teachers from 250 primary schools in the state of Zurich, Switzerland, at different career stages (pre-service, beginning and experienced teachers), completed a survey measuring four professional requirements in competence and challenge dimensions. Structural equation modelling was used to assess the validity of the measures and teachers’ sense of competence and perceived challenge were compared across different career stages. Beginning teachers were found to be lower in their sense of competence in all four requirements, but teachers’ experiences of challenge varied at different career stages. The findings call for attention to facilitating new teachers to accomplish the required competencies and to minimise any stress arising from the challenges they face. Promoting optimal use of resources through cooperation in the workplace may help beginning teachers to maximise their sense of competence.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2020
Supporting newly-qualified teachers’ professional development and perseverance in secondary education: On the role of informal learning
High percentages of newly qualified teachers (NQTs) drop out during their first 5 years in the classroom. Often, formal support systems are put in place to overcome ‘practice shock’. However, in this research, it was hypothesised that it is not the formal support structure put in place that determines whether starting teachers feel satisfied in their job and show perseverance but rather the amount of knowledge exchange that takes place. This was confirmed by the results of a first quantitative study. Then, a follow-up qualitative study showed that having the principal in the role of a mentor is often experienced as a mechanism of control or evaluation. Starting teachers prefer to choose their own mentor. They prefer their mentor not to be a superior but a close colleague whom they trust, who is teaching the same course in the same year. The authors’ results have especially implications for onboarding of novice teachers. Since social informal learning (e.g. through the exchange of feedback with colleagues) benefits newly qualified teachers, it is important to create a safe and warm learning climate in which knowledge exchange can flourish. Also, NQTs should be given the opportunity to choose their mentor.
Updated: Nov. 29, 2020
Teacher attrition rates are high in urban schools, particularly for new science teachers. Little research has addressed how science teachers can be prepared to effectively bridge the divide between preparation and urban teaching. The authors utilized the theoretical frameworks of social justice, identity, and structure‐agency to investigate this transition. Specifically, they examined the Urban Science Teacher Preparation (USTP) program as a critical case of “well‐prepared” urban science teachers. Study participants included one cohort of four teachers. Data, primarily from individual interviews, a focus group, and written reflections, were collected from participants during pre‐service preparation and their first year of teaching. The USTP program nurtured the development of a professional identity aligned with teaching science for social justice, with a unique emphasis on identifying structural injustices in schools. Findings indicate all four teachers used their identities to negotiate school policies and procedures that restricted student opportunities to learn science through three processes: deconstructing the context, positioning themselves within and against the context, and enacting their identities. These findings suggest the importance of USTP programs to provide teacher candidates with political clarity for teaching for social justice and sustained induction support to resist school socialization pressures.
Updated: May. 26, 2020
Why some graduating teachers choose not to teach: teacher attrition and the discourse-practice gap in becoming a teacher
This paper reports on a qualitative case study that investigated the reasons why one group of graduates from an initial teacher education (ITE) program in Hong Kong chose not to teach. Using in-depth interviews and grounded in a theory of teacher identity construction, the results reveal how the participants struggled to construct their preferred professional identities, in particular during a teaching practicum, and the role this played in their decision not to enter the teaching profession. Implications for how teacher educators can better support preservice teachers as they struggle to construct their professional identities are considered and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2020
Using Tools to Promote Novice Teacher Noticing of Science Teaching Practices in Post-Rehearsal Discussions
This article examines the potential of tool-supported rehearsal enactments and post-rehearsal discussions to provide novices with opportunities to develop the ability to notice and interpret critical features of science teaching. The results revealed that the tools guided novices to collectively identify, interpret, and share insights to respond to critical issues of science teaching and learning related to using the science teaching practices to support student learning.
Updated: Dec. 25, 2018
A Case Study of Early Career Secondary Teachers’ Perceptions of their Preparedness for Teaching: Lessons from Australia and Spain
This case study aims to identify the extent to which beginning teachers believe they are prepared for their careers through their teacher training. The study also examines what teachers have learned as practicing teachers. The findings indicated that the internship period was believed to be of most use and benefit in the preparation of pre-service teachers for entering the profession. The findings suggest that the practicum also leads to an awareness of the participants’ vocational identity as teachers, where values as educators are reasserted and they become more conscious of their transition from being university students to being ‘teachers’.
Updated: Dec. 09, 2018
This article compares the ways in which two teachers use of Twitter and other forms of technology in their professional lives. The author found that both teachers noted that using Twitter to gain access to resources and connect with professionals in the field was critical for them and could be of value for teachers more generally. The author also found that both participants expressed overall positive dispositions toward technology use generally and Twitter specifically. Both teachers also faced challenges in their engagement with technology.
Updated: Dec. 02, 2018
This study aimed to examine the specific problems of beginning teachers in Dutch urban primary schools. The findings reveal that beginning teachers encounter several challenges in urban primary schools. The authors found that most prominent challenges were common problems that teacher encounter at schools, such as a high workload, stress and inadequate guidance and support. The participants also mentioned that they had difficulties handling with parental involvement. They had Interactions with highly educated and critical parents as well as interactions with parents from cultural minority groups. They found both types of interactions as difficult to handle.
Updated: Nov. 25, 2018
Career Orientations and Career Cultures: Individual and Organisational Approaches to Beginning Teachers’ Careers
The purpose of this article is twofold. Firstly, to outline teachers’ orientations towards careers in their first three years in the profession. Secondly, to examine how schools as organisations deal with career, developing a model of organizational responses. In this article, the author provides a new perspective on how schools themselves deal with the career orientations of their teachers, developing a categorisation of what he terms organisational ‘career cultures’.
Updated: Nov. 15, 2018