Search results for: Instructional design
Page 1/4 35 items
Developing Prospective Teachers’ Conceptions with Well-Designed Tasks: Explaining Successes and Analyzing Conceptual Difficulties
The purpose of this study was to explore how prospective teachers’ (PTs’) conceptions of various mathematical topics develop.Consistent with prior findings, this study showed that PTs entered with limited conceptions. This study showed further that (a) well-designed tasks (addressing the PTs’ incoming conceptions as well as focusing on the desired conceptions) can help PTs develop content knowledge, (b) conceptual difficulties may persist even with well-designed tasks, and (c) artifacts of children’s mathematical thinking can be used to develop mathematical content knowledge.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2017
This article outlines the development of the author's professional eye as a teacher educator in mathematics education in Australia through the self-study process of initiating and evaluating task variations and describes how this process was used to generate interactions that supported teacher candidates’ assignment work. This article focuses on one example of this research, where the intended object of learning is the construction of open-ended mathematics questions, which can be used by teachers for inclusive curriculum development.
Updated: Dec. 25, 2016
This article presents an evaluation study of an innovative and theory-based initial teacher education course entitled Learning Study, the aim of which is to develop the instructional design and teaching competency of pre-service teachers in Hong Kong. The Learning Study course is offered to all second year students as part of the Bachelor of Education programme of the biggest teacher education institute in Hong Kong. The course comprises a series of theory-based tutorials, supportive consultation meetings, and a research lesson practicum. To assess the effectiveness of the course, a framework of representation, decomposition, and approximation of practices was adopted to describe and analyse the teaching of practice.
Updated: Dec. 05, 2016
In this study, the authors investigated the impact of two instructional strategies for using classroom video in the context of university-based teacher education on pre-service teacher learning. The authors developed two video-based modules, one using video to illustrate rules, the other using video to elicit preservice teachers’ knowledge, from which they then derived rules. . They found the two instructional strategies to be differentially effective, making distinct contributions to initial pre-service teacher learning. The findings revealed that learning environments based on the rule-example strategy fostered the reproduction of factual knowledge and its application to observe and evaluate authentic classroom sequences, whereas the example-rule strategy fostered the application of knowledge to plan a lesson and to identify challenges in a situative way.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2016
The present study follows three teachers through a practice-based elementary methods course. The course was focused on learning teaching practices through planning, rehearsing, enacting and reflecting on routine instructional activities that travel back and forth between field-based methods course and field placements. All three teachers grew in their capacity to lead goal-directed lessons by eliciting and responding to students’ thinking.
Updated: Jul. 31, 2016
Engaging Pre-service Science Teachers to Act as Active Designers of Technology Integration: A MAGDAIRE Framework
This article describes a case study, which conducted in the course to investigate the pre-service teachers’ changes in technology competency as well as reasoning on the interplays between technology, pedagogy, and content. The authors used the Modeled Analysis, Guided Development, Articulated Implementation, and Reflected Evaluation (MAGDAIRE) framework. The findings suggest that MAGDAIRE significantly improved the pre-service teachers’ technology competency levels. Moreover, MAGDAIRE facilitated the pre-service teachers’ critical reexamination of the affordances of Flash for their teaching practices from the views of subject matter selection, motivation empowerment, information presentation, activity design, and pedagogy transition.
Updated: Jul. 21, 2015
This study explored the achievement of preservice teachers when advice in the form of text and resources was provided based on students’ identified learning styles. The authors developed an online module to link prepared advice for the completion of course tasks to particular learning style preferences. The results point to the value of a learning style preference advice module as a scaffolding tool. Students’ assessment results when advice was provided were higher than when advice was not provided. Additionally, students believed the online module provided valuable information in understanding and applying content to the completion of course assignments. The findings show that coupled with feedback provided to students in other ways throughout the course, the online learning style preference module adds additional support to preservice teachers that may lead to increasing their understanding of course content and learning styles.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
Five-Picture Charades: A Flexible Model for Technology Training in Digital Media Tools and Teaching Strategies
This article presents Five-Picture Charades, an instructional activity designed to introduce preservice and in-service teachers to the technical and pedagogical uses of digital images in the classroom. The authors discuss instructional strategies emerging from this activity across the content areas. They also describe ways to relate Five-Picture Charades to lesson planning and curriculum development projects. The authors conclude that the Five-Picture Charades activity provides teachers with a concrete, manageable example of technology integration that requires teachers to draw upon their content knowledge, pedagogical expertise, and emerging technology proficiencies and attitudes.
Updated: Feb. 08, 2015
Systematic Design of Blended PBL: Exploring the Design Experiences and Support Needs of PBL Novices in an Online Environment
This study aims to inform teacher educators, professional development specialists, and researchers how they can better support teachers in designing blended PBL, especially in online environments. The study focused on an individual project, which required the participants to design a blended PBL lesson for their selected target audience. The results of this study suggest that professional development programs provide PBL novices with (a) an opportunity to design the whole PBL process using a systematic approach, (b) synchronous, interactive questioning sessions and customized scaffolding, (c) concise and easy-to-understand guidelines and checklists, and (d) opportunities to have a successful experience with PBL design.
Updated: Sep. 10, 2014
This article addresses the current gap in understanding of what is entailed in the roles of facilitators, and how those roles might vary by context (i.e., face-to-face or asynchronous online). Qualitative analysis revealed that although professional development facilitators attended to similar issues irrespective of the context, the actions they engaged in to attend to these issues varied by context. Further exploration and synthesis of the findings suggests that shifting from traditional face-to-face to online professional development presents several design and instructional tensions that can impact how facilitators carry out their roles to support teacher learning.
Updated: Jun. 24, 2014