Search results for: Europe
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Key competencies straddle an educational reform that has taken on a central role within the European Union. However, there is a lack of empirical instruments aimed at assessing preservice teachers’ opinion of competency-based policies, their self-evaluation regarding such policies, and their understanding of the intended rationale behind competency mandates. Instruments with similar aims in other contexts suffer psychometric shortcomings. Therefore, the authors’ aim was to design an instrument to examine primary preservice teachers’ beliefs about the role of key competencies in education, self-evaluate their understanding of the concept of key competencies, and determine if they understood the intended interdisciplinary focus. A three-phase pilot (n = 295, n = 277, n = 263) was carried out with each phase aimed at progressively improving the instrument’s psychometric soundness. Drawing from data obtained from the third pilot, the psychometric scale properties are reported for a much-needed assessment tool.
Updated: Feb. 10, 2022
The starting point for this inductive study is to determine, through a search of studies, what critical viewpoints in terms of research are delivered, based on experiences, observations and evaluation, concerning the Bologna Process over time? The aim is to present a description using a thematic analysis based on data from 38 papers (2004–2016) that reveal the critical reasoning behind the research. The reasoning is critical in the sense that various authors have elaborated on and problematized aspects of the Bologna Process in terms of what to avoid and/or have characterized aspects related to the Bologna Process that are not desirable. Based on the outcome of the thematic analysis, theorists were selected in order to deepen the reasoning and meaning highlighted in three themes. The findings are further discussed in terms of knowledge and curriculum development for the future and the advancement of European higher education policy and beyond on equal terms. The article suggests that there are causes for concern regarding unwanted consequences in the aftermath of the Bologna Process.
Updated: Sep. 12, 2019
Final Thesis Models in European Teacher Education and Their Orientation towards the Academy and the Teaching Profession
The present study concerns different final thesis models in the research on teacher education in Europe and their orientation towards the academy and the teaching profession. The author found that in scientific journals, 33 articles support the occurrence of three models: the portfolio model, with a mainly teaching-professional orientation; the thesis model, with a mainly academic orientation; and the action research model, related to both orientations. All models had some relationship with both orientations.
Updated: Dec. 06, 2016
Inclusion, Integration or Perpetual Exclusion? A Critical Examination of the Decade of Roma Inclusion, 2005‑2015
The initiative 'Decade of Roma Inclusion, 2005‑2015' was planned in order to eliminate the marginalization and discrimination of Roma in the areas of housing, health care, employment and education. Each of the 12 European countries, which took part in this initiative, developed a Decade Action Plan. However, this initiative did not succeeded. This article critically examines why the Decade of Roma Inclusion has failed.
Updated: Feb. 16, 2015
This article aims to address the causes of school desegregation failure of the children study at Rome's schools. This article argues that the narrow desegregation aims prevents creation of comprehensive approaches sensitive to structural dimensions of segregation and discrimination. It builds on the policy design theory in order to capture the impact of discourse and policy content on the implementation outputs.
Updated: Feb. 16, 2015
This article argues for the value of using student ratings to measure quality of teaching. An international study to test the validity of the dynamic model of educational effectiveness was conducted. At classroom level, the model consists of eight factors relating to teacher behaviour: orientation, structuring, questioning, teaching modelling, application, management of time, teacher role in making classroom a learning environment and assessment. The analyses revealed that student ratings are reliable and valid for measuring the functioning of the teacher factors of the dynamic model.
Updated: Jan. 15, 2015
The Quality of Teacher Educators in the European Policy Debate: Actions and Measures to Improve the Professionalism of Teacher Educators
This study examines how the contemporary European policy debate addresses the further development of the quality of teacher educators. This article concludes that in most countries, policy measures for teacher educators appear to be no different from measures for teachers in higher education in general, while in only a few countries are teacher educators considered a distinct professional group with its own policy measures. The most dominant stakeholders in developing actions and measures related to the professional quality of teacher educators are national governments and heads of local teacher education institutions. Teacher educators themselves, however, are much less specified as explicit stakeholders in policies on the quality of teacher educators.
Updated: Oct. 02, 2013
Comparison as Curriculum Governance: Dynamics of the European-Wide Governance Technology of Comparison within England’s National Curriculum Reforms
The current paper focuses on how the curriculum is governed by comparative knowledge. Particularly, the article identifies how this facet of governance has manifested itself within the policy space of England’s National Curriculum reforms. While international comparative logic within England’s National Curriculum could be regarded as a manifestation of a European-wide governing technology, the article suggests that the distinctiveness of ‘Europe’ is at risk of being lost to dominant global knowledge paradigms which are also an integral part of the ‘governance by comparison’ process.
Updated: Sep. 15, 2013
The author attempts to understand the role and objective of the European Union (EU) steering university-based research policy in relation to national and other global actors, despite its being outside of the EU’s direct jurisdiction. The author suggests that despite strong globalising trends, the EU promotes these trends at the national and sub-national levels, and also attempts to structure the research environment in a complex heterogeneous way.
Updated: Aug. 19, 2013
‘Tuning’ Education for the Market in ‘Europe’? Qualifications, Competences and Learning Outcomes: Reform and Action on the Shop Floor
This paper examines issues relating to governance and the reform of public policies in the European Union. The author suggests that a managerial agenda for change is developing, seeking to amplify the space for marketisation and control in the educational sphere.
Updated: Jun. 25, 2013