Search results for: Constraints
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The overall objective of this study was to investigate the constraints that have occurred regarding the first-year English language teachers’ professional identity construction at five Chinese universities. The approach adopted in the study was Narrative Inquiry. Interview data with five teachers were collected and analysed through a framework that identified emergent salient themes. All the preliminary results indicated major constraints in their experiences as first-year EFL teachers in the current Chinese university context. The discussion reflects on their newly negotiated and renegotiated identity after having suffered particular dilemmas in addition to the general difficulties, and how these processes have further reformulated their outlook in ways they did not expect.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Higher education, and in particular, initial teacher education, has been significantly transformed through the introduction of e-learning. However, online teacher education presents particular challenges in the creative arts, which has traditionally developed student understanding through embodied and collaborative learning experiences. In this qualitative study, in-depth interviews were conducted with eight online arts educators in teacher education programs to understand their perspectives and pedagogy in online arts coursework. Using Engeström’s Activity Theory as an analytical lens, the findings highlight how these academics navigated challenges and opportunities to facilitate authentic, praxis-focused arts experiences to prepare pre-service teachers for the classroom.
Updated: Sep. 24, 2020
This study that explored student teachers’ learning experiences in initial teacher education (ITE) in relation to competence to work in schools. The findings demonstrate that the development of competence to work in schools was characterised by deep contextualised learning. The authors argue that student teachers’ development of competence to work in schools entails three facets. First, they need to learn about the organizational dimension of teachers’ work and develop understanding of the micro-political realities of schools. Second, they should develop competence in social capital building which involves soliciting affective and cognitive support through establishing networks with multiple actors in schools. Third, the authors note that expanding one’s repertoire of social strategies helps foster a sense of agency in the face of institutional constraints.
Updated: Mar. 07, 2018
This study explored investigated novice teachers’ sense of professional agency, and the perceived resources and obstacles affecting it. The authors conclude that the findings imply that novice teachers need multiprofessional, collegial, and principal support for the practice of their professional agency within the school. The findings also emphasized the crucial role of the school principal.
Updated: Sep. 05, 2017
Challenges in Teaching for Critical Multicultural Citizenship: Student Teaching in an Accountability-Driven Context
The purpose of this paper is to examine how three preservice teachers who supported the tenets of critical multicultural citizenship negotiated the constraints they encountered when trying to teach for this kind of citizenship in an urban school classroom. Participants in this study negotiated constraints, mostly contextual, by de-emphasizing teaching to the test, finding ways to sneak in critical and multicultural social studies knowledge and contemporary issues into the curriculum, and incorporating multiple perspectives as a way to increase critical inquiry while teaching the facts necessary for standardized tests.
Updated: Jun. 20, 2012
This case study examines the classroom instruction of an experienced teacher in an elementary school where the principal supported teachers’ autonomy and authority over curriculum and instruction. The results demonstrate how teachers’ professional discretion is being minimized in subtle yet consequential ways amid high-stakes testing, even in subject areas not tested by the state. Constrained professionalism represents a new situation in which teachers retain autonomy in classroom practices. However, their decisions are significantly circumscribed by contextual pressures and time demands that devalue their professional experience, judgment, and expertise.
Updated: Mar. 16, 2009
Teacher educators must examine how technology selection facilitates and constrains the learning outcomes of the courses they teach. This article introduces a process for selecting and evaluating technologies that meet the important principles of each learning task.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2008