Search results for: Expertise
Page 1/3 28 items
Improvisation and Teacher Expertise: Implications for the Professional Development of Outstanding Teachers
The purpose of this study aimed to gain an understanding of teachers' expertise. It also aimed to determine the extent to which improvisation was a facet of advanced professional practice. The findings reveal that teacher’s expertise is best expressed as continually evolving practice. The participants argued that advanced practitioners use their expertise to adapt and to interact with their pupils in order to create the conditions in which learning can, and does, take place. The findings also showed that teacher expertise is seen as fundamentally improvisatory through being socially constructed and that this has a positive impact on the quality of teaching. The author found that the primary concern of the teachers was to develop relationships with pupils in order to maximise interaction in the classroom.
Updated: May. 22, 2018
This study explores how the newly qualified foreign language teachers’ (NQT) see their teacher work as an education expert. Furthermore, it also examines how their expertise develops in the working community at the outset of their career. This study shows that the NQTs have difficulty in putting their theoretical knowledge into practice during the first years at work and the effect of the working community on their professional development. The author argues that an NQT needs individual and collegial support both during teacher education and afterwards in working life but more research is, however, needed to define exactly what kind of support would be the most useful for NQTs’ professional development.
Updated: Sep. 26, 2017
This article investigate teacher educators’ views of current trends and their consequences for teacher education futures. The findings reported give voice to the expert participants. The data were then used to develop the discussion which comprised two scenarios. Two major fields of change are identified here and these are used to imagine different futures through the use of a two-dimensional model. The two major fields identified from the discussion are a continuum on location of teacher education, from school based to university based, and a continuum on autonomy and regulation, ranging from high government regulation to self-regulation by the profession.
Updated: May. 07, 2017
Building Adaptive Expertise and Practice-Based Evidence: Applying the Implementation Stages Framework to Special Education Teacher Preparation
In this paper, the authors describe a capstone project that meets these needs and prepares pre-service special educators for their role in the development of practice-based evidence. These aims align well with the Council for Exceptional Children’s Professional Standards. To describe this project and how it meets these aims, the authors used the Implementation Stages framework. Outcomes reflect an increase in pre-service special educators’ ability to research and design usable interventions based on evidence-based practices.
Updated: Mar. 15, 2017
Keeping an Eye on Learning: Differences Between Expert and Novice Teachers’ Representations of Classroom Management Events
In this study, the authors created a coding scheme using grounded theory to analyze expert and novice teachers’ verbalizations describing classroom events and their relevance for classroom management. Four categories of codes emerged. These referred to perceptions/interpretations, thematic focus, temporality, and cognitive processing expressed. Mixed-method analysis of teachers’ verbalizations yielded a number of significant effects related to participants’ expertise levels. Notably, teachers’ cognitive processing diverged significantly based on expertise level.
Updated: Nov. 08, 2016
Toward Professionalisation or De-Professionalisation? Teacher Education Over the Past 40 Years: A Japanese Retrospection
In this article, the author discusses how to enhance Japanese teacher education. After sketching teacher education from the mid-1940s to the 1960s, he sums up the main topics people discussed through each decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s. The author concludes by proposing an ideal network for promoting teaching expertise. He proposed establishing education networks in which universities, junior colleges, schools, education authorities, youth and children, teachers, parents and communities could join together with equal partnership to discuss almost all of local education plans. The author hopes that in such ways, all teachers could be educated, trained and recruited as independent intellectuals who could serve education within the national–international–global contexts of higher education-based teacher education.
Updated: Sep. 14, 2016
This study examines the development of preservice secondary science teachers’ understanding about equitable assessments (EA) as a result of instruction during a methods course and their subsequent use of EA, while planning a science unit without prompting. The author concludes that preservice teachers gained in the following domains of knowledge introduced earlier: (1) knowledge and beliefs about diverse learners, (2) knowledge and beliefs about EA strategies, and (3) skills in modifying assessments for English language learners. They displayed relevant knowledge, but did not enact it as well when it came to planning units.
Updated: Sep. 12, 2016
This paper presents findings from a study in which the author served as an expert coach and provided ongoing support to four elementary school teachers related to employing standards-based pedagogies in their mathematics classrooms. In addition to assisting teachers, the author examined which supports they sought and the impact of them on mathematics instruction.
Updated: Jul. 03, 2016
This study focuses on the specific expertise that science teacher educators (TEs) bring into teacher education. The authors were interested to gain insight into teacher educators' aims for teaching about science teaching, and how their expertise has developed on the basis of their professional background and experiences. The findings reveal similarities among the concerns of these TEs and yet considerable diversity among their approaches.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2015
The purpose of this study was to identify the supervision styles and types of discourse used when addressing or failing to address the three specific problems. The findings suggest that student teachers and supervisors do not use critical discourse to capitalize on opportunities to develop adaptive teaching expertise. The author used three problems - (1) unquestioned familiarity, (2) dual purposes, and (3) context- as a framework to learn how university-based supervisors helped student teachers engage in conversations around these common experience-based problems.
Updated: Dec. 07, 2014