Search results for: Culture
Page 1/2 11 items
Pre-service teachers' understanding of culture in multicultural education: A qualitative content analysis
As culture is the core concept in multicultural education, this paper focuses on teachers' understanding of culture, which is a factor in implementing multicultural education successfully. The present study investigates 231 generalist and bilingual pre-service teachers’ definitions of culture and whether or not there is a difference in the number of descriptors used by the groups. To analyze the data collected through a survey, the author conducted a qualitative content analysis and then ran a 2 × 2 factorial ANOVA. Although there is no statistical difference between the groups, bilingual pre-service teachers showed a deeper understanding of culture.
Updated: May. 08, 2022
Comparing motivations of pre-service and beginning teachers in China: impact of culture and experience
The study examines beginning teachers’ and pre-service teachers’ motivation to teach in China. Data are drawn from questionnaires completed by 107 beginning teachers (full-time teachers with fewer than six years’ working experience) and 122 pre-service teachers, and semi-structured interviews with 19 of them. The respondents all emphasised social influences, personal utility value, and social utility value, and all viewed the teaching profession as a career high in demands but low in returns. However, pre-service teachers showed higher motivation than beginning teachers, except for items regarding intrinsic value, fall-back careers, and teaching ability. This study suggests a ‘culture-motivation’ framework for understanding teachers’ motivation in China.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2022
Learning to teach across the boundary: A cultural historical activity theory perspective on a university-school partnership in Vietnam
Featuring a fundamental component in initial teacher education (ITE), the practicum also presents pre-service teachers (PSTs) with challenges arising in the process of crossing the boundary between the university and school. This paper draws on the Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) to analyse case study data on a university-school partnership in Vietnam. Findings reveal a ‘separatist’ partnership, characterised by marked division of labour, and insufficient communication between the partners. In light of CHAT, the paper offers a renewed understanding of partnership, whereby contradictions are viewed as valuable for learning as consistent ideas and values held by the partners.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2021
“It’s not just Learning English, It’s Learning Other Cultures”: Belonging, Power, and Possibility in an Immigrant Contact Zone
This article is an ethnographic investigation of a multiethnic, multilingual classroom. It examines the ways in which immigrant students’ goals for community and belonging were mediated by their vibrant cultural and linguistic practices. Findings demonstrate how youth formed a community of practice through brokering acts, resource pooling, and linguistic play across national, cultural, and linguistic differences.
Updated: Apr. 13, 2015
In this article, the authors present the idea of “walking around” culture. By “walking around” culture, they mean that teachers need to put feet to pavement and purposefully “walk around” the neighborhoods of their students, similar to ethnographic study. The authors describe how each of them has “walked around” culture ethnographically. As they describe their experiences, they write in their own voice. As they have analyzed their experiences, several common themes have emerged. They have combined these themes into five critical factors, which they have labeled as “key principles”: culture is communication, culture is personal, culture has boundaries, culture is perceived by those who stand outside the culture, and culture is defined by the people in that culture.
Updated: Nov. 25, 2014
Classroom Culture, Mathematics Culture, and the Failures of Reform: The Need for a Collective View of Culture
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature of classroom practice and how it is supported by the culture of a classroom. The primary participant in this study was an eighth-grade mathematics teacher renowned for being a good teacher whose teaching conformed to the intentions of the reform-oriented National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards, with a particular emphasis on problem solving. The authors found that although Ms. Bryans appropriated some of the rhetoric and practices of problem-solving-based practice, her goals and assessment methods and most of her instructional methods were not consistent with common ideas of problem-solving mathematics.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2014
In this study, the author investigates the early racial and cultural views of John Dewey.
Updated: Jul. 26, 2011
What’s Culture Got to Do With It? Educational Research as a Necessarily Interdisciplinary Enterprise
In this paper, the author examines the role of culture in education in historical perspective to suggest the conditions required to promote generalized educational reform.
Updated: Jul. 26, 2011
Much of what has been written about the Professional Development School (PDS) experience consists of recounting personal experiences. In this article, the author draws on mythology, folklore, psychology and literature. The author suggests that effective storytelling can serve the same function in nurturing PDS culture as it does in the maintenance of culture in general.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2010
The study examined the effect of international student teaching experience on the professional and personal development of preservice teachers. 26 graduate students in a private university in Turkey had a two-month internship in a mid western state in the United States. The main component of the internship was a six-week student teaching experience in high schools. The findings suggest that the international student teaching experience and the overall internship program with its cultural components contributed in a positive way to student teachers’ professional and personal development and helped student teachers increase their cultural awareness.
Updated: Jan. 26, 2009