Search results for: English (second language)
Page 2/11 105 items
Delivery of a western-centric initial teacher education award in a Chinese-centric context. What constitutes good practice?
This paper has two purposes. First, to explore ways in which a western-centric in-service teacher education programme has transformed the teaching of 14 teacher participants who hitherto used a more Chinese-centric approach to teaching. Second, to investigate if any changes that have occurred have diffused beyond the teacher participants’ classrooms and if so, to whom and to where. The teacher participants belonged to one of four cohorts of teachers who, between 2014–2019, enrolled onto a UK accredited, level seven, Post Graduate Certificate (International) Education (PGCIE), blended learning programme. All used English as the medium of instruction to teach English, Accounts or Business subjects to Chinese students, aged 18–23. Underpinned by principles of pedagogical gains through reflective practice, the programme’s aim was to develop teacher participants’ practice, with an emphasis on student-led approaches to teaching and learning. Tenets of two theoretical frameworks (transformational learning and diffusion of innovations) furnished a lens to view the data. Data were gathered from interviews with teacher participants and managers. Available and relevant statistical data were also used. The paper presents evidence of how transformational learning leads to improved teacher effectiveness and how changes in practice can become diffused beyond the classroom and to others.
Updated: Jan. 26, 2021
The use of digital badges has become increasingly common in educational settings as an alternative assessment tool, and they are linked with student motivation and integration of gamification elements into learning environments. This study explores the perceptions of pre-service English teachers at a university of the inclusion of digital badges in an LMS used in their face-to-face courses. Seventy-nine prospective English teachers participated in the 14-week study employing a mixed method design in which data were collected through a questionnaire and open-ended questions. Quantitative data analysis suggests that the participants had positive perceptions of the use of digital badges as an integral part of their courses. Content analysis of the qualitative data generated themes demonstrating teacher candidates’ perceptions of digital badges. Overall, the study provides some implications for using digital badges as well as caveats to be taken into account in planning their use.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2021
This study, which involves student teachers who were carrying out one semester's practice teaching, aims to investigate the self-efficacy beliefs these student teachers embraced for implementing self-regulated learning (SRL) in the English as a foreign language (EFL) classroom. Two surveys investigating student teachers’ self-efficacy for instructing SRL in classrooms and their self-efficacy for self-regulating their studies in the university teacher training program were administered to 128 student teachers. Results of this study suggest that it is imperative for school-based mentors to scaffold student teachers to SRL principles and application of SRL strategies while they engage in practice teaching during the practicum. The study also highlights a pressing need to include instruction of SRL in the university teacher training curriculum to foster self-regulated approaches to teaching and learning.
Updated: Dec. 28, 2020
English is vertically distributed in the socioeconomic layers of Turkish society as there has been a discrepancy between English learning opportunities in public vs. private educational institutions and developed vs. underdeveloped regions. Attracting qualified English teachers to work in unprivileged regions and public schools would be one of the solutions for the social inequity caused by unbalanced access opportunities to satisfactory English proficiency. Collecting and analysing questionnaire data from pre-service teachers from 13 English Language Teaching departments (N = 583), and conducting semi-structured interviews with 88 participants, this study aims to understand regional and institutional plans of pre-service English teachers with a focus on factors affecting their plans. Majority of the participants plan to work in public institutions as they offer job security and moderate workload; on the other hand, professional development opportunities in private institutions are quite attractive for many teacher candidates. Participants seem to have a tendency to work in developed regions. Cultural concerns, geographical concerns, altruistic concerns, opportunities and beliefs derived from others’ experiences are found to be effective on their regional plans.
Updated: Dec. 28, 2020
Although there has been increased interest in what constitutes effective professional development (PD) for in-service teachers in recent decades, the literature indicates that the issue continues to promote ongoing debate. Based upon the findings of previous research, this qualitative study set out to determine the extent to which, how, and why a PD course was considered effective in its contribution to the development and practice of the 28 in-service EFL teachers in Israel who participated in the course. Data from written reflective accounts, interviews, and field notes were collected and analysed. The findings identify various ways in which the course was considered effective, and reasons for such effectiveness, that, in turn, indicate the need for PD courses to be tailored to the current needs of practitioners as perceived by the course participants themselves.
Updated: Nov. 27, 2020
This article offers one example of an English as a Second Language literacy methods course that built preservice teachers’ understanding of and experiences with diverse language communities. Tara Yosso’s Community Cultural Wealth (CCW) framework provided a theoretical lens for the course and guided the preservice teachers’ teaching and reflections. The preservice teachers engaged in various activities that included literacy teaching, visiting places in their students’ communities, learning their students’ language, and creating narrative videos with the students and their families. The findings from this course show how the CCW framework can be a constructive method for identifying community assets when combined with a variety of activities for preservice teachers to engage with students and their families.
Updated: Sep. 09, 2020
Drawing on data from semi-structured interviews, this case study enquires into the methods employed by a Chinese teacher mentor of English as a Foreign Language to give feedback on practicum reports to poorly motivated student teachers. Data analysis showed that the mentor provided written comments mainly on empowered motivation with a focus on the reflection section. The findings also revealed that the mentor patterned her feedback with ‘praise-suggestion’ to shape student teachers’ identity emotionally and ethically.
Updated: May. 27, 2020
This paper focuses on the training of Arab English teachers as per the directives of the Ministry of Education, particularly the Academic Class practicum. Using both Legitimation Code Theory and Appraisal Theory, this study compares the propositional content of the practicum programme provided by a teaching college in central Israel, with the educational orientation of Muslim Arab student teachers. Results reveal a ‘code clash’ between the curricular policy and the student teachers, shedding light on ways to re-scaffold the practicum to work towards a ‘code match’.
Updated: May. 12, 2020
Can an outsider become an insider? Analysing the effect of action research in initial EFL teacher education programs
This study focuses on the perspectives of teachers who were recent graduates of two initial English language teacher education programmes in Chile, who had undertaken action research projects as part of their degree programme. It also engaged the university-based supervisors who had overseen this work. These experiences are analysed in the context of the guiding epistemological and political foundations of action research. The outcomes of this research suggest that the use of action research in initial teacher education contexts may be more problematic than it is often assumed; particularly, where student teachers’ work is professionally isolated. From this, it is suggested that action research in initial teacher education needs to be conscious of potential constraints in school-based contexts, as these may act to limit the current and prospective impact of this learning experience.
Updated: Apr. 21, 2020
EFL Teachers’ Cultural Identity Development through Participating in Cultural Negotiation: Probing EFL Students’ Perspectives
This study was an attempt to probe the perceptions of the English as a foreign language (EFL) students about the cultural identity development of the EFL teachers who participated in cultural negotiation programs. To that end, the interactionally oriented narratives of four EFL students were collected. The narratives were about the cultural performance of the EFL teachers who participated in the cultural negotiation programs in the EFL classes. The narratives were codified based on the principles of Strauss and Corbin (1998) systematic approach. The findings indicated that the EFL students had positive opinions about how their teachers dealt with cultural issues in the classrooms after participating in cultural negotiation programs. The findings also indicated that the EFL students perceived that the EFL teachers engaged more in cultural discussions, they used more interaction types, they were more motivated to address cultural issues in the classes, and they took into account the emotions of their students in cultural discussions in the classrooms. Moreover, it can be concluded from the findings that cultural negotiation programs have positive effects on the EFL teachers’ cultural identity development if the principles of identity-as-practice and identity-in-discourse will be followed in the EFL teacher education programs.
Updated: Feb. 09, 2020