Search results for: Grading
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The purpose of this study was to examine a teacher educator’s assumptions and perspectives about purposefully and explicitly negotiating authority through grading and accountability processes in an undergraduate teacher education course. The findings suggest that seeking legitimacy through consensual acceptance, responding to students’ expressed interests, and constructing knowledge through continual questioning present potential frameworks for constructing purposeful pedagogical partnerships consistent with democratic aims in teacher education.
Updated: Jul. 07, 2015
In this article , the authors sought to determine how instructors are actually assessing student participation, or what leads to the decision to grade or not grade students on their classroom participation. The findings suggest that the majority of instructors across disciplines do incorporate a “participation” factor into students’ final course grades. One impetus for the this study was the desire to identify the circumstances in which students are expected to be “active participants” in their undergraduate courses. This was determined by the percentage of instructors who reported including “participation” among the stated requirements on the course syllabus. However, some differences may be observed by discipline. Instructors of Math and Science courses were found to be less likely to grade participation than their colleagues teaching in other disciplines.
Updated: Jun. 07, 2015
This article describes grade inflation as compromises the signaling value of grades and undermines their capacity to achieve the functions for which they are intended. Therefore, the authors argue that grade inflation must be understood in terms of the signaling power of grades. Analyzing data from four nationally representative samples, they find that in the decades following 1972: (a) grades have risen at high schools and dropped at 4-year colleges, in general, and selective 4-year institutions, in particular; and (b) the signaling power of grades has attenuated little, if at all.
Updated: Oct. 26, 2014
The purpose of this article is to present findings from a qualitative investigation into how authority was negotiated in an undergraduate teacher education course in which the author - as the teacher of the course - established course obligations with students through designing individualized grading contracts. The findings suggest that four themes emerged from the data represent potential frameworks for negotiating authority in teacher education: seeking mutually satisfactory agreement, finding several solutions to the problems being negotiated, compromising based on principle rather than pressure, and deriving legitimacy from mutually recognized sources.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2011
This study documents ethical conflicts faced by teachers in the United States regarding assessment of students. The most frequently mentioned assessment topics causing conflict included grading, standardized testing, and special populations. These findings suggest that explicit guidelines for defining and avoiding unethical behavior would be helpful to teachers in developing their assessment practices.
Updated: Jun. 10, 2009