Section archive - Theories & Approaches
Page 1/52 516 items
Feedback sessions as mediation spaces: empowering teacher candidates to deepen instructional knowledge and engage in the construction and transformation of theory in practice
In this paper, the authors present what they believe to be important elements of action research (AR) that emerged from their final feedback sessions with 13 teacher candidates in their program as they prepared for the professional presentations. They found that considering these feedback sessions as mediation spaces (1) empowers teacher candidates to externalize and deepen personal understandings of their research through dialogical discourse with expert others, and (2) negotiate their power and emerging practitioner researcher identities.
Updated: Feb. 03, 2021
Glassner and Back, authors of the new book Exploring Heutagogy in Higher Education: Academia Meets the Zeitgeist, present the principles of Heutagogy approach in which let the students decide what and how to learn, with whom and from what resources. Since the success of this learning method is mostly teacher depended, they present the main two roles of the teachers in Heutagogy as motivators and facilitators. The authors suggest the COVID19 pandemic emphasizes the need to develop self-determined learners who take responsibility for their learning to enriches their knowledge, capabilities and personalities.
Updated: Apr. 30, 2020
Justice, practice and the ‘Real World’: pre-service teachers’ critically conscious visions for teaching amid the complexities and challenges of learning to teach
Stemming from a problem of practice in the author’s justice-oriented social foundations course, this article investigates the relationship between pre-service teachers learning critical conceptual tools about justice and equity, and the ‘problem of enactment’ of leveraging that learning in their practice. Drawing on a theoretical framework linking Social Justice Teacher Education (SJTE) and Practice-based teacher education (PBTE), this study employed practitioner research methodologies and critical qualitative research methods to explore how pre-service teachers themselves negotiated the intersection of justice and practice. Three inductive findings emerged: they conceptualized professional visions oriented toward the ‘bigger picture’; the complexities of teaching complicated living these visions in practice; and their status as novice practitioners mediated their readiness to integrate justice and practice. The article concludes with a discussion of lessons learned for connecting justice and practice in social foundations specifically, and possibilities for convergence between SJTE and PBTE more broadly.
Updated: Apr. 29, 2020
Using Habits of Mind, Intelligent Behaviors, and Educational Theories to Create a Conceptual Framework for Developing Effective Teaching Dispositions
Despite the heated debates about dispositions in teacher education, most accrediting agencies continue to put dispositions among their priorities. The authors of the current article concur with the value of using Dewey to understand how habits can be clustered to better understand intelligent teaching dispositions. But, can Dewey’s epistemology be extended to learning theories in a manner that informs the making of teaching conduct more intelligent? To address this question, the authors applied qualitative content analysis to review the literature. Through a deductive approach, dispositions as Habits of Mind were related to educational theories using intelligent behaviors as the common denominator. The authors conclude that dispositions can be clustered around Habits of Mind that are related directly to educational learning theories vis-à-vis thoughtfulness, and to learning theories that support learning or mindfulness. Grounding dispositions as habits of mind in selected educational theories may guide and support the professional development of teaching dispositions.
Updated: Jun. 06, 2019
The purpose of this study was to examine what effective strategies for managing student behavior meant to the teachers through their classroom experiences. The findings revealed that the participants commonly used eight strategies to manage student misbehavior, of which seven were perceived to be effective, i.e., rules-setting, hinting, directive statements, punishment, after class talks, relationship building, and instructional engagement.
Updated: Dec. 13, 2018
This article addresses the need for pedagogical approaches to working with open educational resources (OER). The authors found that the blended pedagogical strategy led most students to identify patterns in primary source OERs. The students began to refine personal models of a complex domain, and applied primary and secondary source evidence to reason for claims and solutions to a transfer problem.
Updated: Dec. 06, 2018
Effects of Self-Efficacy, Emotional Intelligence, and Perceptions of Future Work Environment on Preservice Teacher Commitment
This study aims to examine the effects of expectations of future work environment, perceptions of satisfaction, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence on preservice teacher (PSTs) commitment to the profession. The findings reveal that preservice teachers’ personal and environmental expectations play an important role in their motivation to continue in the teacher education program and enter the teaching profession. The results also show that when PSTs perceived higher levels of collaboration with colleagues and higher levels of autonomy in the classroom, they also exhibited increased levels of satisfaction. However, when PSTs perceived their future work environment as less than ideal they exhibited lower levels of satisfaction.
Updated: Nov. 06, 2018
In this study, the authors were interested to understand their practice as teacher educators. The authors argue that from their reflections on their own experiences, they now better understand the power of their personal apprenticeships of observation over their teaching practices.
Updated: Oct. 28, 2018
The authors designed a lab-based pilot and classroom-based feasibility study to examine an effective way to introduce mindfulness meditation. The authors conclude that the findings of these two studies of the guided mindfulness meditation — one a pilot and the other comparative trial — suggest that mindfulness meditation is feasible to introduce to early childhood education students with some modifications.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2018
This article aims to examine how sociopolitically conscious teacher educators tailor preparation for teachers of color. The results showed that teacher educators’ pedagogy for teacher candidates of color was characterized by three binding mindsets and practices: 1. The authors found that teacher educators made an intentional choice to work as a change agent for communities of color. 2. The authors also found that teacher educators challenged sociocultural barriers to the academic and professional achievement of teachers of color. 3. It was also found that teacher educators implemented constructivist approaches as an instructional bridge to prepare teacher candidates of color to work with culturally and linguistically diverse students.
Updated: Oct. 18, 2018