Section archive - Theories & Approaches
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This article explores the research practices used by teachers and their schools. It also investigates the value that teachers attribute to those research practices. In conclusion, this study reveals that teachers are interested in research and research practices and value these things even if they are unable to engage with them in their daily work.
Updated: Aug. 28, 2017
This study examined the support, instruction, coursework, discussions, field and clinical experiences, and critical reflection that took place within a precollegiate Urban Teaching Academy (UTA) magnet program located in a southeastern school district. Two major themes emerged with sub-themes undergirding each. The first theme of disparate program-based experiences highlighted the three unique structures each teacher implemented to expose their students to the realities of teaching, which included their emphasis—or lack thereof—on coursework and field and clinical experiences. The second theme of student reactions to their learning experiences expressed the three differentiated curricular experiences students encountered.
Updated: Aug. 13, 2017
Using Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development to Propose and Test an Explanatory Model for Conceptualising Coteaching in Pre-service Science Teacher Education
In this study, coteaching between pre-service and in-service teachers is used to lessen the gap between theory and practice, to develop reflective practice and to develop pedagogical content knowledge. Explanatory frameworks have been proposed for coteaching. The authors also suggest that Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development helps to propose a more nuanced developmental and learning explanatory framework which provides pedagogical structures for implementation and highlights the importance of the social environment for learning.
Updated: Aug. 13, 2017
This paper presents a design for supporting theory–practice reflection in teacher practicums. This design is based on three design principles that promote a transformative stance towards the creation of novel pedagogical approaches: mutual transformation of theory and practice, co-design among supervising teachers, university lecturers and student teachers, and participating in the long-term development of pedagogical practices. The results show that the student teachers who participated in the thematic practicum used theory more frequently in their reflections. Moreover, their theory–practice connections were more robust than those made by student teachers who participated in the conventional practicum.
Updated: Jul. 09, 2017
The authors consider possibilities for further exploration of the research of practice and the practice of research in both initial and continuing teacher education. As both a theoretical and methodological challenge, this is tied recursively with research and practice in teacher education, for teacher educators, about teacher education. The authors draw on the theoretical resources of practice theories, to argue that teacher education practice must be informed by the study of the practice of teaching as well as research addressing the teaching of practice.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2017
In this article, the authors argue for paying close attention to the materiality of practice in understanding the work of teacher educators; specifically, the meanings of artefacts used by teacher educators in the course of their daily work. They locate this analysis within a dialectical materialist understanding of the development of human activity, providing examples of artefacts-in-use in initial teacher education and the meanings accorded to these artefacts by the teacher educators they observed and interviewed. Their aim is to make a case for what is afforded epistemologically when researchers pay attention to artefacts from a dialectical materialist viewpoint.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2017
Multiple Dimensions of Teacher Identity Development from Pre-service to Early Years of Teaching: A Longitudinal Study
This study utilises three dimensions of identity construction (multiplicity vs. unity; social vs. individual; discontinuity vs. continuity) to examine how teachers describe their different roles, how they develop dialogical relations among multiplicity. The findings showed that all participants’ initial identity positions, except one female, have changed, either slightly or radically, during the course of this study. They experienced disequilibrium among different identity positions during the change, which confirms existing research that disequilibrium is considered essential for changes to occur. This study also showed that these teachers’ multiple Identity positions and the conflicts among them are not bounded within the classroom teaching domain or instructional and pedagogical issues.
Updated: Jun. 27, 2017
What’s Missing in Most of Our Early Childhood Degrees? Focusing More Deeply on Relationships and Learning with Infants, Toddlers, and their Families
This study explored whether early childhood teachers were being prepared in coursework and field experiences to meet Washington state and nationally accepted core knowledge and broad competency areas for preparation of the infant-toddler workforce. A review of early childhood degree programs found an overall insufficient emphasis on a deeper understanding of holistic infant early development and intervention, as well as mental health and observable, evidence-based interactions that promote child and family resilience at the level of the individual early childhood educator’s preparation.
Updated: Jun. 11, 2017
In this case study, two teacher educators in urban teacher education programs identify and analyze the components of teacher education practice in relation to a vision of compassionate, critical, justice-oriented teacher education. Drawing on the data, the authors offer a pedagogical framework that identifies key features of compassionate, critical, justice-oriented teacher education to inform research and practice. They highlight the contributions of this framework for justice-oriented teacher education and the inherent complexity of attempts to parse such fundamentally messy relational practice.
Updated: Jun. 11, 2017
This article examines the author's efforts to parse teaching practice into lists of discrete procedures. It argues that the teacher educators need to pay less attention to the visible behaviors of teaching and more attention to the purposes that are served by those behaviors. As a way to begin a conversation about parsing teachers’ purposes, the author offers a proposal for conceptualizing teaching as a practice that entails five persistent problems, each of which presents a difficult challenge to teachers, and all of which compete for teachers’ attention.
Updated: Jun. 07, 2017