Section archive - Theories & Approaches
Page 3/52 520 items
This study examines the general level of effective teaching behavior of pre-service teachers teaching in secondary education. It also investigates the role of several contextual and personal characteristics in explaining differences in effective teaching behavior and the link between effective teaching behavior and pupils’ academic engagement. The results show substantiate differences in the level of effective teaching behavior between pre-service and experienced teachers. It was found that several contextual and personal characteristics determine differences in effective teaching behavior. Furthermore, the importance of effective pre-service teaching behavior for pupil engagement was established. The authors conclude that findings suggest that when pre-service teachers display better effective teaching behavior, the more pupils’ academic engagement is achieved.
Updated: May. 10, 2018
Exploring the Role of Identity in Elementary Preservice Teachers who Plan to Specialize in Science Teaching
The authors want to understand how preservice teachers, who enrolled in elementary science concentration, negotiate a science teacher identity to support their motivations and goals to teach elementary science. Results suggest that when elementary preservice teachers learned science through hands-on, constructivist practices, they negotiated norms about how they believed that science could be taught and compared it to their own previous experiences. In early experiences with constructivist practices, participants described learning science as fun and innovative. Elementary preservice teachers who completed three or four classes saw themselves as a possible teacher of science as well as a learner of science. The authors conclude that providing elementary preservice teachers with individual courses that focus on the standards and expectations of elementary students in a particular domain influences the progression from learner to teacher in content and in practice.
Updated: Apr. 24, 2018
The present study explored what motivates male trainee primary school teachers for the profession. It also investigated the barriers they face and how they have overcome these barriers. The authors found three themes, which were related to potential barriers participants faced: physical contact with children; negative outsider perceptions; and working within a female orientated environment. The authors argue that three themes also emerged as motivators for the participants that enabled them to overcome the barriers they faced: perceiving the teaching profession as a positive career choice; experiencing a supportive working environment; and being perceived as positive role models.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2018
This study aimed to explore the impact on program improvement of systematically gathering P-12 student learning data over a 5-year period. The findings reveal that candidates can demonstrate a positive impact on student learning that is generally equivalent for P-12 students of all ethnicities and learning needs. The authors did not identify statistically significant learning gain differences among P-12 students. The data also indicated that participants could differentiate instruction and meet the needs of all learners.
Updated: Feb. 22, 2018
Teacher Education in Schools as Learning Communities: Transforming High-Poverty Schools through Dialogic Learning
The purpose of this article is to analyse how teachers' specific professional development is built in four cases in South American countries. Furthermore, the study examines the main features of this training. The authors used communicative methodology of research. The authors note that the importance of this exploratory study lies in identifying key components that may enable the transfer of the project to other schools and contexts. This professional development provides teachers, families and their communities with research-based knowledge and tools to improve students’ learning, social and emotional development.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2018
Thinking with/through the Contradictions of Social Justice in Teacher Education: Self-Reflection on NETDS Experience
This article describes the National Exceptional Teaching for Disadvantaged Schools (NETDS). The purpose of the NETDS is to channel high performing teacher education students to disadvantaged schools. This paper is based on the authors' collective, critical self-reflection on designing and implementing NETDS at University of New England over the last three years. The authors use the taxonomy of three different ideological approaches—conservative, liberal and critical—to school reform as a heuristic device for their self-reflection.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2018
In this article, the authors used ecological perspective to prepare preservice teachers to be attentive and responsive to their students. The authors want to prepare teachers to perceive their students as complex beings who navigate in different contexts such as home, school and community. The authors conclude that the Teaching and Learning Together project at Bryn Mawr and Haverford Colleges provides structures, scaffolding, and support to build awareness among prospective teachers. Such support allows preservice teachers to acknowledge the complexity of the educational process and prepare themselves to be teachers who will embrace, and structure opportunities for their own students.
Updated: Nov. 05, 2017
Teachers’ Professional Knowledge for Teaching English as a Foreign Language: Assessing the Outcomes of Teacher Education
This paper offers a conceptualization and operationalization of the professional knowledge of future middle school teachers for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), whom the authors directly assessed using tests developed by the research group. The authors conclude that test score differences by phase and program as shown in this study are well aligned to certain priorities laid down in the initial teacher education curriculum. The authors consider this as evidence for the curricular validity of the tests. The authors suggest that the tests could be used to inform about learning progress of student teachers throughout their teacher preparation program.
Updated: Sep. 25, 2017
In this article, the author is talking about non-formal education. The goals, content, methods of teaching, ways of achievement measuring, and all the other aspects of non-formal education can differ widely. Also, teachers working in non-formal education can be very different from each other from many aspects, e.g., the training they got before starting any type of non-formal teaching. They can also be different if they had or still have any experience in mainstream education ('schooling'). We should pay much more attention to non-formal education than we did typically, i.e., without thinking that non-formal education would be better than formal education or the opposite. They are different, but based on the same roots. There are dozens of crucial issues such as What kinds of knowledge can be constructed in non-formal education?
Updated: Sep. 10, 2017
This article analyses data from two studies in English comprehensive schools, in which teachers were given research reports about teaching gifted and talented students, and supported over a 12-month period, to incorporate findings into practitioner research projects of their own devising. The findings revealed that the teachers used research in instrumental and strategic ways, but only very occasionally. More frequently, their use of research was conceptual. Within this category, research influenced what teachers thought about, and how they thought.
Updated: Aug. 30, 2017