Source: Journal of Education for Teaching. Vol. 34, Iss. 4; pg. 333.
The article compares and evaluates teacher induction in Canada and Japan, following an overview of each educational system and an assessment of higher education in each region.
Based on the author's personal teaching experience and research, suggestions for educational reforms are made to enhance the role of teachers. Teachers need opportunities to learn from one another and to benefit from the accumulated wisdom of generations of skilled practitioners. Moreover, teachers need time for collaboration, planning and reflection.
Canada's strengths lie in well-developed pre-service teaching programs. However, graduates are left to 'sink or swim' in their critical first year of teaching.
In contrast, Japan's comprehensive yearlong internship offers an effective apprenticeship induction model with an emphasis on assistance rather than assessment.