Search results for: Canada
Page 1/12 111 items
Displaced academics: intended and unintended consequences of the changing landscape of teacher education
Given the intense politicisation of education, many teacher educators are caught in the cross-hairs of government’s reform agendas, university expectations and student teacher needs. This paper reports on a study of 28 literacy teacher educators in four countries (Canada, US, Australia and England). This paper reports on the broad question: How is politics affecting literacy teacher educators? Three specific aspects are considered: their pedagogies, identity and well-being. It describes how their pedagogy (goals and teaching strategies) has narrowed because of mandated curriculum and exit exams. It shows how their identity as academics is being complicated because they often do not have time for their research. And their well-being is compromised because of excessive external inspections and as their community in the university splinters.
Updated: Jul. 11, 2022
In order to provide an international perspective, the Academic Information Center at The Mofet Institutethe made an analytic literature review that identifies, analyzes and presents information concerning technological-vocational education (TVE) teacher preparation in Estonia, California (United States), Netherlands, China, Finland, Ontario (Canada) and Israel. Their report found that different countries direct, evaluate and supervise TVE in various ways - despite global trends, each country maneuvers in its' own climate, faces unique challenges and operates according to certain domestic relations. Most countries acknowledge the importance of developing the field of TVE and tend to invest financially, build advanced infrastructures, enrich the existing resources, conduct quality control, send lecturers to professional development and maintain the ties between TVE institutions and industrial corporates.
Updated: Jun. 13, 2022
This study used two training sessions and two focus groups with 17 preservice teachers (aged 20–36) completing their first teaching practicum placement during their Bachelor of Education program at an urban research university in western Canada. The aim was to implement ideas from terror management theory (TMT) during their teaching practicum. Participants explored how to facilitate contentious issues so as to prevent defensive reactions when worldviews clash in the classroom. A dramaturgical analysis identified participant objectives, conflicts, tactics, attitudes, emotions, and subtexts as they explored how to anticipate and avoid worldview and self-esteem threat, navigate tense pedagogical spaces, build capacity for expressing uncomfortable emotions, and diffuse threat with humor. Because difficult emotions are central to teaching potentially polarizing content, participating preservice teachers explored when compensatory reactions might emerge and, as a result, developed their own emotional awareness—TMT became both an experience and a teachable theory.
Updated: Jun. 01, 2022
This article explores the experiences of six nonbinary preservice teachers of diverse gender expression and racial and class backgrounds. Each was enrolled or had recently completed teacher training in North America when the study was conducted in 2018. This qualitative study employed in-depth, phenomenological interviews to prompt participants to reconstruct rich narratives about their experiences as educators. This article uses Sara Ahmed’s concept of the “willful subject” to consider how participants negotiated the relationship between their gender identities as non-binary people and their nascent professional identities as teachers. These beginning teachers expressed concern about succeeding in their teacher education programs and worried about how others perceived them because of the expectation of normative gender implicit in teaching’s professional norms. This expectation was enforced by the profession’s gatekeepers more than by K–12 students and their families, who participants generally described as hospitable or indifferent to having a non-binary teacher. If the profession is to genuinely welcome gender diversity, it must do more than protect trans and gender nonconforming teachers from discrimination and harassment: It must also recognize and work to deconstruct its own gender normativity.
Updated: Jan. 25, 2022
Faculty Co-Teaching with Their Teacher Candidates in the Field: Co-Planning, Co-Instructing, and Co-Reflecting for STEM Education Teacher Preparation
Co-teaching is a fieldwork model in teacher education used to describe the shared responsibility of educators engaging in the process of planning, teaching, and reflecting to support student learning. While research often describes this model between teacher candidates and mentor teachers, this research examined co-teaching between university faculty and teacher candidates. The research questions included: (1) How do teacher candidates experience and perceive a co-teaching model with their faculty? and (2) What elements of teacher candidates’ experiences during co-teaching reflect the cognitive apprenticeship model of learning? Through this study it was identified that teacher candidates co-teaching with their faculty led to strengthened understanding of integrated STEM education, particularly in STEM content and PCK. Making thinking visible using cognitive apprenticeship through co-teaching led to teacher candidates developing an understanding of STEM education in their personal teaching practice and building their capacity to become confident and resourceful STEM educators.
Updated: Jan. 19, 2022
Early career teachers continue to flee the profession in many countries around the world. In a series of their own studies, the authors have attempted to better understand the intentions of early career teachers. In this paper, they build on themes that emerged in a 2015 study, published in Teaching Education, with 40 second- and third-year teachers, and interviewed 15 more second- and third-year teachers from another Canadian province. Using a semi-structured interview procedure with a method of thematic analysis, the same 2015 themes emerged in the new study with the exception of two original themes: It’s the kids; and An opportunity for relief: Relational support. Both new themes highlighted relational aspects of sustainability and turned us to the notion of relational agency. The authors draw on the conception of relational agency to inquire into how early career teachers might establish a capacity to align their thoughts and actions with others on the professional knowledge landscape. They then pose questions surrounding how relational agency helps teacher educators, administrators, and teac
Updated: Jan. 05, 2022
This article examines the phenomenon of failure in a Bachelor of Education practicum from the perspectives of preservice teachers. Utilizing a phenomenological theoretical framework and methodology, the perspectives of four preservice teachers are shared. The data were drawn from practicum reports, field notes, interviews, and student teacher questionnaires. Analysis of the findings reveals how insufficient content knowledge, inadequate planning, and avoidance of difficult discussions lead to failure. Further analysis of the sequence of events leading up to the failure reveals the significance of clear and authentic communication in the early days of the placement. Although the four preservice teachers struggled with failure, they also demonstrated resilience in their quest to become teachers. The authors conclude with six essential questions that help to mitigate failure.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2022
Incorporating problem-based learning in a secondary school mathematics preservice teacher education course
Preservice secondary school mathematics teacher education must incorporate large amounts of material within a limited timeframe, of mathematics curricula, best teaching practices, professional learning strategies, and more. Mathematics education instructors using a mixed instruction course incorporating an initial phase of transmission and transactional teaching practices followed by a phase of problem-based learning instruction was investigated as a professional learning model for preservice teachers. This was a sequential four-phase mixed methods study. Over the phases, data was gathered via a questionnaire administered to forty-seven secondary school mathematics preservice teachers. Significant and important changes in preservice teacher beliefs and orientations were observed.
Updated: Oct. 25, 2021
Teacher candidates are required to learn substantial fundamental and practical knowledge often within short, fast-paced initial teacher education (ITE) programs. This study examined assessment education through a case study of 35 teacher candidates enrolled in an assessment/evaluation concentration at one Canadian institution. Using a slow movement framework with Fink’s (2013) significant learning experiences taxonomy, pedagogies were analyzed that provoked slow and significant learning. Findings from multiple data sources revealed trends in significant learning across program phases and pedagogical conditions, including authentic course assessments, cycles of coursework and placements, and collaboration. Directions for future research and ITE programming are provided.
Updated: Sep. 02, 2021
Network structures of in-service teachers’ collective knowledge construction: An SNA analysis of multiliteracies online course
Multiliteracies is not only concerned with learners’ meaning-making using multiple communication and representation channels but with individuals’ contributions towards a collaborative and participatory culture. However, understanding collective knowledge construction in computer-mediated discussions is challenging due to large and complex digital texts in online contexts. To respond to this challenge, this study investigated the relationships between network structures and potentials for collaborative knowledge construction in a 12-week online multiliteracies professional education course by adopting Knowledge Society Network and Collaborative Knowledge Networks as analytical frameworks and using Social Network Analysis to find which network models the online course followed. Consequently, the network of teacher participants’ interactions showed high participant interaction and low idea interaction.
Updated: May. 18, 2021