What Research Tells Us about Teaching Thinking Skills

Sep. 30, 2008

Source: The Social Studies. Vol. 99, Iss. 5; pg. 223. Sep/Oct 2008.

The findings and recommendations of researchers and specialists in thinking-skill learning and teaching have important implications for classroom efforts to improve student thinking.
This summary identifies various types of thinking skills and skill components recommended for classroom instruction.
The author describes and cites research-derived features of effective, direct instruction in thinking skills and describes a framework for this instruction.

The author also describes researcher-and specialist-recommended teaching techniques and lesson strategies for introducing any thinking skill, guiding continuing skill practice, and teaching students to transfer thinking skills to other contexts.
The author presents researcher recommendations of when, where, and why such direct skill instruction can be effectively provided.

The research cited here suggests both students' academic achievement and their quality of thinking can be improved by using these techniques and strategies to teach thinking skills in subject-matter courses.

Updated: Nov. 09, 2008