This paper attends to all four dimensions of listening: cognitive, moral, aesthetic, and political aspects. However, the paper focuses on the political aspect. The author argues that listening requires attention to the social identities inevitably communicated through speech. The case study presented in this article comes from a yearlong study of a ninth-grade English and history class in an urban American school that served ethnically diverse working-class children. The author concludes that the findings that we inevitably listen for identity and that listening requires attention to patterns beyond the speech event.