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In this study, the authors aimed investigated to identify elements that constitute the practical rationality of mathematics teaching. Specifically, they focused on the assumptions that participants made regarding what should constitute the launch of a problem-based lesson. The authors hypothesized that different assumptions may lead to tensions and dilemmas when launching a problem. The authors conclude that the manner in which teachers set up a problem can reduce the opportunities for high-level mathematical reasoning. Hence, they argue that the launch is important for teachers to maximize student engagement and mathematical reasoning. They also note that teachers’ decisions about launching a problem can enable students to exercise conceptual agency.
Updated: May. 24, 2018
This study aimed to investigate teacher educators’ in-action mental model (IAMM) regarding student teachers’ minds and learning. The authors investigated the same teacher educators in two teaching contexts: (1) teaching an academic course about pedagogy in college; and (2) in the post-lesson feedback sessions that took place while they were supervising student teachers in elementary schools. The authors found that when the teacher educators taught an academic course, they had the same IAMM of the mind and learning as teachers who teach children in elementary and high school. The authors argue that this finding indicates the generality of the IAMM. The authors also found that the general IAMM has limitations. The findings in this study point to the contextual nature of IAMM.
Updated: May. 17, 2018
This study aimed to better understand how teachers negotiate their emergent identities and the role emotional transactions play in this process. The authors organized the findings by four key features of what we call the process of ‘identity work’: (1) Incoming teacher beliefs; (2) Teacher identity emotional episodes; (3) Teacher attributions, and (4) and Identity adjustment. All of the participants could identify episodes or experiences during which they had salient emotional responses. Some participants elaborated the ways that these emotional responses served to confirm or further teacher identities/expectations they brought with them into their first year of teaching. Others argued that these events triggered a process of questioning or exploration regarding what their incoming beliefs were.
Updated: May. 17, 2018
Preparing Teachers for Success with English Language Learners: Challenges and Opportunities for University TESOL Education
The study examines the role that university English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) programs play in shaping inservice teachers’ work with English Language Learners (ELLs). The findings reveal that the ESOL endorsement program contributed positively to Wheatland Elementary teachers’ preparation for their transition to becoming a district ESL site. The results show that there was an increase in an appreciation of the use of students’ first language to facilitate comprehension of content and promote bilingualism. These results suggest that well-planned university programs influence even very experienced teachers and those who may be ambivalent toward ESOL endorsement mandates, and policies that limit the requirements for those seeking state ESOL endorsement may be ill advised.
Updated: May. 16, 2018
This paper describes the experiences of three pre-service teachers as they engaged in teacher research as part of their teacher education program. Specifically, this paper investigates the role of the teacher’s personal and academic history in the design of their teacher research projects; how their research worked to disrupt classroom cultures and practices. It also examines the ways in which the pre-service teachers interpreted their research in light of new contexts during their first year of teaching. The authors argue that the action research process fostered a deep engagement with certain ideas. This process allowed the pre-service teachers a space to develop these ideas fully and test nascent theories about teaching and learning. In conclusion, the authors contend that action research would be a powerful programmatic framework allowing multifaceted engagement with significant questions and problems of practice from initial methods courses through student-teaching.
Updated: May. 13, 2018
This study aimed to assess the impact of the Parent Teacher Education Connection curriculum on the knowledge and attitudes of teacher education candidates. The findings reveal that knowledge and attitude assessments administered before and after use of the modules showed significant improvement in knowledge and attitudes across all settings. This study demonstrated that teacher candidates experienced significant knowledge gains from pre- to posttest after studying the Parent Teacher Education Connection Modules as they were embedded in various courses of their teacher education curricula.
Updated: May. 13, 2018
Exploring the Role of Identity in Elementary Preservice Teachers who Plan to Specialize in Science Teaching
The authors want to understand how preservice teachers, who enrolled in elementary science concentration, negotiate a science teacher identity to support their motivations and goals to teach elementary science. Results suggest that when elementary preservice teachers learned science through hands-on, constructivist practices, they negotiated norms about how they believed that science could be taught and compared it to their own previous experiences. In early experiences with constructivist practices, participants described learning science as fun and innovative. Elementary preservice teachers who completed three or four classes saw themselves as a possible teacher of science as well as a learner of science. The authors conclude that providing elementary preservice teachers with individual courses that focus on the standards and expectations of elementary students in a particular domain influences the progression from learner to teacher in content and in practice.
Updated: Apr. 24, 2018
I’m Just Playing iPad”: Comparing Prekindergarteners’ and Preservice Teachers’ Social Interactions While Using Tablets for Learning
This article focuses on how children and preservice teachers responded to using technology in their learning processes and how the choice and use of certain kinds of apps prompted social engagement across both settings. The findings reveal that students, young and old alike, explored iPad apps socially. The authors conclude that they selected apps in their studies and encouraged preservice teachers to select apps that would align with social constructivist and sociocultural perspectives. Using these lenses, the authors advocate for apps designed to allow for open-ended, discovery-based learning through playful exploration and experimentation.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
What English/Language Arts Teacher Candidates Learn During Coursework and Practica: A Study of Three Teacher Education Programs
This study examines what students in three different university teacher education programs report having learned from the range of influences encountered during their studies and related field experiences. The findings demonstrate that although the three programs have different structures and processes, the participants reported very similar learning, yet with variations following from their program structures. The authors conclude that teacher candidate's developing conception of effective instruction is mediated by their previous experiences in schools as students, the structure of their teacher education program, their cultural and social backgrounds, their various field-based experiences, and the students, teachers, and faculty involved in teacher preparation.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
Developing Practical Knowledge of the Next Generation Science Standards in Elementary Science Teacher Education
This study investigates the development of prospective elementary teachers’ practical knowledge of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSSs) in the context of a science methods course and innovative field experience. The authors present three issues related to how prospective teachers viewed and utilized the standards: (a) prospective teachers perceived the standards as providing guidance for planning; (b) the participants can build practical knowledge for using the NGSS as a tool to self-assess the effectiveness of their instruction in relation to their students’ progress toward meeting the standards; and (c) the participants developed the belief that the standards were achievable for both themselves and their students.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2018