Search results for: USA
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A new evaluation approach for teacher preparation programs using labor market competitiveness of teacher applicants
This study introduces a new approach to measure effectiveness of teacher preparation programs (TPP) at U.S. universities by examining to what extent TPPs produce employable teacher candidates. The authors use teacher vacancy-application data in Wisconsin public schools from 2014–15 through 2016–17. They find that attending specific TPPs makes a difference for novice teacher applicants’ hiring outcomes, but the competitiveness of these TPPs is inextricable from their geographic locales. Their findings complement the existing acontextual and absolute TPP rankings and suggest that graduates of TPPs with strong school and community partnerships are more competitive in the local labor market.
Updated: Jan. 17, 2022
Dance as dialog: A metaphor analysis on the development of interculturality through arts and community-based learning with preservice teachers and a local refugee community
This paper explores the use of arts and community-based (ACB) approaches to intercultural teacher education. Twenty-four preservice teachers and five adult Yazidi refugees/community members participated in this study which involved a two-week arts-based workshop in Fall 2019 at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Data for the study included pre- and post-group discussion recordings as well as oral and written reflections one week after the workshop. Using metaphor analysis, the authors examine the way project participants talk about their experiences in the workshop. Findings showed how ACB approaches hold promise as a vehicle for developing interculturality in teacher education.
Updated: Jan. 15, 2022
The preparation of novice teacher educators for critical, justice-oriented teacher education: A longitudinal exploration of formal study in the pedagogy of teacher education
There continues to be limited focus on the preparation of teacher educators, particularly for teacher education aimed at challenging educational inequities. This case study explores the impact of a curricular approach to preparing novice teacher educators in the pedagogy of teacher education. Drawing on surveys, interviews, documents, and observations of practice, the study traces what novice teacher educators learned 5 years after enrolment in a doctoral course, and how this learning shaped their teacher education practice over time. The analysis illuminates conceptual and practical tools as well as unanticipated learning that were salient for novice teacher educators’ learning and practice.
Updated: Jan. 12, 2022
This article reported how five preservice teachers constructed and developed their teacher identity in a year-long teacher residency partnered between a university-based teacher education program and schools in Louisiana, United States. Drawing on a sociocultural approach to identity development and the ‘third space’ theory, qualitative data were collected from individual interviews, classroom observations, and document analysis. Findings suggested that participants experienced an ongoing teacher identity construction while learning to teach in the hybrid, in-between ‘third space’ residency. Key elements of the residency, including the mentored co-teaching experiences and learning opportunities situated in authentic school contexts, facilitated the participants’ learning about teaching and teacher identity negotiation. Implications for teacher education practice, policy, and research were discussed.
Updated: Jan. 10, 2022
Adapting Student Teaching during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison of Perspectives and Experiences
Elementary student teachers in both a yearlong and one-semester student teaching design were impacted due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This phenomenon forced the closure of placement schools and their universities, and drastically changed the roles and responsibilities of student teachers. This qualitative phenomenology study sought to capture and describe the lived experiences through two different student teaching designs and their student teaching coordinators. This manuscript reports findings from analysis of student teacher and student teaching coordinator surveys that describe both beneficial and disappointing preparation experiences, as they navigated the ever-changing educational environment of student teaching during the initial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The lived experiences of these student teachers captured how varying educational learning and teaching experiences were impacted due to the pandemic. Throughout these lived experiences, student teaching coordinators of both student teaching designs became an integral part of the communication chain for student teachers.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2022
Teach as I Say, Not as I Do: How Preservice Teachers Made Sense of the Mismatch between How They Were Expected to Teach and How They Were Taught in Their Professional Training Program
A challenge for teacher educators is providing preservice teachers with the opportunity to develop the confidence and efficacy required to address their future students’ socio-cultural, academic, and social-emotional needs in this era of standardization, accountability, and limited resources. This case study investigated this issue by examining how a sample of preservice teachers made sense of how their coursework supported them in becoming teachers who center their practices on the needs and interests of their current and future students while attending to policymakers’ reforms. By analyzing the findings of this study, it becomes apparent that these preservice teachers questioned whether the coursework in their program supported their development in becoming classroom teachers in a manner that reflected how their instructors expected them to teach their students. Interpreting these findings provides insight into how teacher educators and their programs can better support preservice teachers’ confidence and efficacy as they enter their future classrooms.
Updated: Jan. 03, 2022
Considering Implications for Self and Institutions in Navigating Transitions in Teacher Education Administration
Three mid-career teacher educators, each of whom involuntarily served as mid-level administrators are now in the similar position of having left those roles. Each has a different story to tell and they come from very different institutions, yet find themselves experiencing many of the same issues and frustrations. This collaborative self-study was an intentional study of and reflection on how their administrative roles impacted or changed their perspectives on teacher education in general and how it changed them each personally. The weight of the role had lasting implications for their personal and professional selves. Their reflective journals, weekly online meetings, and responses to each other’s experiences resulted in findings that can inform the work of others in similar positions or circumstances. Those findings, while both similar and distinct, reveal enough commonality that the authors, as teacher educators often placed in positions of leadership, must consider the implications for their practice, their students, their scholarship community, and themselves.
Updated: Dec. 28, 2021
Although there is substantial research documenting the impact of department heads in higher education, there is a significant gap in the literature examining the role of program coordinators. This self-study explores how two teacher educators navigated the opportunities and costs of coordinating their respective programs, literacy education and elementary education. The data revealed three themes consistent across the coordinators: stakeholder and engagement, collaboration, and policy and power. Implications for leaders in higher education are discussed including the importance of revising evaluation tools to reflect the actual demands on coordinators’ time, allowing time for rich and deep conversation among leaders, and providing mentors to assist coordinators in building their skills and supporting their efforts.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2021
Factors Associated With Novice General Education Teachers’ Preparedness to Work With Multilingual Learners: A Multilevel Study
This study examined factors linked to novice general education teachers’ perception of their preparedness to work with multilingual learners in the classroom. Using a multilevel modeling approach, the authors examined factors at the teacher and school levels using two AY 2015 to 2016 datasets: The National Teacher and Principal Survey from the National Center for Education Statistics and the Civil Rights Data Collection from the Office of Civil Rights. The results show that teacher perception of preparedness was positively associated with teacher education courses on working with multilingual learners, supports received during the first-year teaching, and the number of multilingual learners teachers worked within their classrooms. Similarly, the concentration of multilingual learners at the school level had a positive impact on preparedness. Overall, it appears that experiences both learning about and working with multilingual learners are positively associated with novice general education teachers’ perceptions of preparedness to work with multilingual students.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2021
Learning to Plan During the Clinical Experience: How Visions of Teaching Influence Novices’ Opportunities to Practice
In this study, the authors document pre-service teachers’ (PSTs) opportunities to learn about planning for equitable and ambitious instruction during clinical placements. They also test whether these opportunities vary by the level of participants’ perceived congruence between the vision of science teaching supported in their university coursework and the instructional practices and learning culture of their host classrooms. They analyzed interview and survey responses of 65 science PSTs from three preparation programs which required their novices to learn about planning and teaching that was consistent with research-based reforms. In placements where novices could participate in planning practices that were perceived as congruent with these reform-based visions, they were more likely than peers in low-congruence classrooms to engage in educative co-planning with a mentor, to take up responsibilities for planning lessons earlier in the school year and for longer periods of time, and to receive useful feedback from mentors.
Updated: Dec. 16, 2021