Search results for: Germany
Page 1/6 53 items
“Reality Shock” of Beginning Teachers? Changes in Teacher Candidates’ Emotional Exhaustion and Constructivist-Oriented Beliefs
In the present study, the authors investigated changes in teacher candidates’ constructivist beliefs and emotional exhaustion. They assessed 163 German mathematics teacher candidates 3 times: at the beginning of, in the middle of, and after they completed the induction program. The results revealed a statistically significant decrease in constructivist beliefs and an inverted U-shaped change in emotional exhaustion with an increase at the beginning of the induction program and a decrease afterward. They also found that personal (i.e., math enjoyment) and social (i.e., instrumental support from peers and a constructivist-oriented mentor teacher) resources buffered the decrease in constructivist beliefs and the increase in emotional exhaustion.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2021
Judgment accuracy of preservice teachers regarding student performance: The influence of attention allocation
The authors investigate whether the attention payed to students’ learning status predicts judgment accuracy of preservice teachers and whether this attention moderates the effect of student characteristics on judgment accuracy. In a virtual classroom, 168 preservice teachers judged the math-performance of 12 students. The attention allocation (AA) was operationalized twofold (“mean AA” and “student-specific AA”) both via log-file data. Mean AA predicted the judgment accuracy (rank component) positively. A higher student-specific AA reduced the “level error”. A moderating effect only occurs for student-specific AA but not for mean AA. We conclude that judgment accuracy can be improved through increased AA.
Updated: Sep. 30, 2020
The present study examines future teachers’ motivations for teaching using the FIT-Choice (Factors Influencing Teaching Choice) scale. The focus thereby is on subject interest, a factor that has rarely been accounted for by FIT-Choice studies although it is considered one of the most important factors to students for choosing teaching as a career. It is also assumed that students of different subject domains belong to different subcultures and therefore differ in their motivations. On the basis of n = 386 first-year, Bachelor students qualifying for lower and upper secondary schools from a large university in Germany, a latent confirmatory factor analysis shows that the FIT-Choice scale structure could be replicated and subject-specific interest was rated the most important factor by pre-service teachers. Latent path analyses reveal that students from different subject domains differ slightly in their motivations. More importantly, students who value their studied subjects’ importance highly also show higher intrinsic, social-altruistic, and pedagogical motivations.
Updated: May. 05, 2020
The role of received social support and self-efficacy for the satisfaction of basic psychological needs in teacher education
The authors conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study in 2016 with 697 student teachers from two Universities. The study used structural equation modelling to analyse the effects of received social support from family and fellow-students as well as perceived self-efficacy in relation to the basic psychological needs in teacher education. To measure the effects of received social support on the satisfaction of basic needs, the authors developed two scales adapting Mansfield’s qualitative approach on teacher resilience. Perceived self-efficacy turned out to be effected directly by received fellow-students’ support as well as having a mediation effect on higher levels of autonomy and competence, whereas received family support leads only to higher levels of autonomy. Especially received fellow-students’ support is directly connected to higher levels of need satisfaction. Finally, the authors discuss conclusions for shaping conditions of university-life according to experiencing what is necessary for a higher level of perception and satisfaction of basic psychological needs.
Updated: Dec. 10, 2019
Which Variables Predict Teachers’ Diagnostic Competence When Diagnosing Students’ Learning Behavior at Different Stages of a Teacher’s Career?
The purpose of this study was to examine whether teachers’ motivation to diagnosing, attitude toward diagnosing, the self-efficacy, their knowledge, and reflection on experience in diagnosing would predict their diagnostic competence. The authors also examined whether teachers with professional experience were more competent diagnosticians than students in the second phase of German teacher education who in turn were expected to be more competent than students in the first phase. The findings demonstrate that teachers’ motivation to diagnose and teachers’ knowledge of diagnosing are substantial predictors of teachers’ diagnostic competence.
Updated: Oct. 10, 2018
Should Teachers Be Colorblind? How Multicultural and Egalitarian Beliefs Differentially Relate to Aspects of Teachers' Professional Competence for Teaching in Diverse Classrooms
In this article, the authors examine how cultural beliefs relate to aspects of professional competence. Specifically, the authors focused on multiculturalism and colorblindness. The findings reveal that colorblindness showed a significant negative relationship with willingness to adapt teaching to a culturally diverse student body. The authors also found that multicultural beliefs were related to higher self-efficacy and higher enthusiasm for teaching immigrant students, to less agreement with negative stereotypes about immigrant students' motivation and backgrounds, and to having chosen the teaching profession specifically as a means to foster integration of immigrants in Germany.
Updated: Aug. 14, 2018
This study aimed to examine the relationship between policies related to the recruitment, selection, preparation, and certification of new teachers and (a) the quality of future teachers as measured by their mathematics content and pedagogy content knowledge and (b) student achievement in mathematics at the national level. The findings revealed statistically significant associations between the overall strength of these quality assurance arrangements and the quality of graduates. The authors found that countries with strong quality assurance arrangements, such as Chinese Taipei and Singapore, scored highest, whereas countries with weaker arrangements, such as Georgia and Chile, tended to score lower on these measures. The results also showed a statistically significant relationship between quality assurance arrangements and the mathematics achievement of students.
Updated: Jul. 01, 2018
This article describes a project, which focuses on supporting competencies, which foster the ability to act in school settings by using a blended-learning scenario. The authors conclude that this project combines theoretical and practical learning by repeatedly putting students into situation, which let them prepare lessons based on their didactical knowledge, give lessons at school and reflect on them both independently as well as cooperatively in an online environment. The authors indicate that the competencies that are intended to be fostered are reflective competence and media competence in order to support students’ ability to act in school settings. During the process of this blended learning scenario, students tend to blend self-reflection and the reflection of others. In addition, students gain new awareness and knowledge by dealing with their own video material as well as material of others.
Updated: Feb. 06, 2018
Teachers’ Professional Knowledge for Teaching English as a Foreign Language: Assessing the Outcomes of Teacher Education
This paper offers a conceptualization and operationalization of the professional knowledge of future middle school teachers for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), whom the authors directly assessed using tests developed by the research group. The authors conclude that test score differences by phase and program as shown in this study are well aligned to certain priorities laid down in the initial teacher education curriculum. The authors consider this as evidence for the curricular validity of the tests. The authors suggest that the tests could be used to inform about learning progress of student teachers throughout their teacher preparation program.
Updated: Sep. 25, 2017
How Can a Blended Learning Environment Enhance Job-Related Competencies of In-Service Physical Educators? –Development and Implementation of a Web-Based Video Analysis Service (EQUEL)
This article describes the future development of a web-based video analysis service (EQUEL). The aim of this service is encouraging in-service physical education (PE) teachers to reflect on their own teaching practice and how they can develop it further.
Updated: May. 14, 2017